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The atom, from research to industry. French atomic energy commission. Defence & Security. Energy. Technologies for information and health . French atomic energy commission. 1945 : CEA foundation. Atom and its applications for France : defence, energy, research, industry.

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French atomic energy commission

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French atomic energy commission

The atom, from research to industry

French atomic energy commission

Defence & Security

Energy

Technologies for information and health

CEA at a glance


French atomic energy commission1

French atomic energy commission

1945 : CEA foundation

Atom and its applications for France : defence, energy, research, industry

Today : from research to industry

Reference institution at worldwide level for nuclear energy

Based on its nuclear activity, developments inducing new activities and employments

Guarantee a perennial nuclear deterrence without nuclear tests …

Tomorrow

Reference institution at worldwide level for nuclear energy

One of the leading European bodies for technological research

CEA at a glance


Cea main figures year 2005

Third party receipts

CEA main figures (year 2005)

CEA at a glance


French atomic energy commission

CEA : Organization

High Commissioner

for Atomic Energy

Bernard Bigot

General Management

Alain Bugat

Chairman and

Chief Executive Officer

Jean-Pierre Le Roux

Deputy CEO

National Institute

for Nuclear

Sciences

and Techniques

4 Operational Divisions

4 Functional Divisions

Fundamental

Research

Defence

Nuclear

Technological

Research

Risk

Control

Strategy

and

External

Relations

Information

and systems

management

Human

Resources

and

Training

Physical

Sciences

Life

Sciences

CEA at a glance


French atomic energy commission

Materials

Le-Ripault, Valduc

CEA : local actor with the French Regions

Nuclear sciences, software technologies, high performance computing, biomedicine

Fontenay aux Roses

Saclay

Bruyères le Châtel

Le-Ripault

Valduc

Micro/Nanotechnology

Nanobiotechnology

Grenoble

Cesta

Lasers and plasmas

Valrho

Nuclear :

Nuclear fuel cycle, waste

management Valrho

Fusion, fission

Cadarache

Cadarache

CEA at a glance


Cea main figures civil activity

Budget : 1.9 G€, including 0.8 G€ from governmental funding

CEA main figures – Civil Activity

10,528 employees

1003 ongoing PhD theses

316 post-doctoral researchers

311 priority patents filed

1180 priority patents issued

614 active priority patents

351 active licensing agreements

93 high-tech spin-offs from CEA since 1984

Main shareholder (79%) of AREVA group

59,000 employees and 10 G€ sales

(all data for year 2005)

CEA at a glance


Energy

Energy

Research on nuclear energy

  • - Future nuclear systems

  • Optimisation of current industrial equipment

  • Nuclear waste optimization & management

New Technologies for energy

- Hydrogen, Fuel Cells

- Photovoltaic energy, storage and rationalisation

- Materials

Basic energy research

- Controlled nuclear fusion

- Climatic and environmental sciences

- Chemical and material - radiation interactions

- Material sciences

Radiobiology - nuclear toxicology

- Radiobiology – radio-pathology

- Nuclear toxicology

CEA at a glance


Technologies for information and health

Technologies for Information and Health

Micro and nano-technologies

- Microelectronics

- Microsystems

- Systems for biology and health

- Telecommunications and communicating objects

- Technological application and distribution

Software technologies

- On-board and interactive systems

- Signal sensors and processors

Basic research for industrial innovation

- Nanophysics and molecular engineering

- Material sciences (from nano to macro)

- Cryotechnologies

Nuclear technologies for health and biotechnologies

- Biomolecular tagging, structural biology, protein engineering

- Operational imaging of living systems

CEA at a glance


French atomic energy commission

French Energy Policy

On July 13, 2005, a new French energy orientation law was adopted by the Parliament and fixed 4 priorities:

  • Improving energy control efforts in order to reduce energy intensity by 2% per year until 2015 and by 2.5% out to 2030 (to divide CO2 emissions by four to 2050).

  • Confirming the nuclear option with the launch of the EPR to ensure France to maintain in the future its nuclear energy production.

  • Developing renewable energies such as wind energy and biofuels (from 15% to 21% by 2010).

  • Reinforce research into new energy technologies (hydrogen, fuel-cells, biomass…).

CEA at a glance


French atomic energy commission

Wished evolution of energy sources in France

Tomorrow

An energy mix

Today

Fossil Fuels

Fossil Fuels

NTE/Ren

H2

Nuclear power

Ren

Nuclear power

New Energies and H2, to complement nuclear power, in place of fossil fuels

CEA at a glance


Research on nuclear waste management

Research on Nuclear Waste Management

  • End of 2005  research results from “1991 Law” were produced June 28, 2006  a new Law for management of radioactive materials and waste was adopted by the Parliament:

    • - New Research program

    • - 2015 : Construction of a Repository

  • Reduction of the radiotoxicity : partitioning and transmutation of the most radiotoxic long-lived elements

    • Two main programmes concern partitioning:

      • PURETEX => Plutonium, Uranium

      • ACTINEX => Americium, Curium

    • Transmutation of minor actinides

      • Scientific feasibility obtained in both PWR and FBR

      • Ongoing studies aim to demonstrate the technical feasibility (materials, design and irradiation of targets using the Phenix reactor and the Atalante facility)

      • Future studies: scenarios involving various kinds of reactors (EPR, GenIV)

  • Conditioning and Long term interim storage

    • Characterization, processing and conditioning processes (reduction of waste volume, development of qualified processes : cementation, bituminization, vitrification)

    • Development and qualification of canisters for interim storage and disposal of medium and high-activity long-lived waste and spent fuel

    • Development of long term interim storage concepts

  • CEA at a glance


    Enhancing the current industrial equipment

    Enhancing the current industrial equipment

    CEA is conducting short and medium-term research on the existing facilities, at the request of industrial partners.

    • Support and optimize nuclear industry

      • Increase competitiveness of nuclear power generated electricity:

        • Extend life time of reactors and major components, increase flexibility and plant availability, improve fuel performance

      • Improve Nuclear Power Plants safety:

        • Severe and basic accidents, periodic safety review

      • Optimize Spent fuel Reprocessing Technology:

        • Reprocess higher burn-up UOX fuels and other types of fuels, lower the costs and the environmental impact

  • Set up experimental facilities for tomorrow and develop simulation tools

    • Development of the future generation of simulation tools

      • From the microscopic behavior to the technological model (materials and mechanics, neutronics, fuel, thermal hydraulics)

    • Updating nuclear experimental facilities

      • Research reactors (Osiris, Orphee, …) and Hot labs (Atalante, LECI, LECA-Star..)

    • Design and construction of the Jules Horowitz Reactor

  • CEA at a glance


    Future nuclear systems

    GEN IV

    I.F.

    E.U.

    Future Nuclear Systems

    - GEN-IV Agreement signed by France, USA, UK, Japan and Canada on February 28, 2005

    - Strategy approved by the Ministries of Research and Industry

    • Development of Fast Reactors for sustainable nuclear with a closed fuel cycle along 2 tracks:

      • Sodium Fast Reactor (SFR)

      • Gas Fast Reactor (GFR)

      • New processes for spent fuel treatment

        and recycling / Waste management

      • …« I have decided to launch, starting today, the design work by CEA of a prototype of the 4th generation reactor, which will be commissioned in 2020 »…

        J. CHIRAC – January 2006

    • Nuclear hydrogen production and VHT process heat supply to the industry

      • Very High Temperature Reactor (VHTR)

      • Hydrogen production

    • Innovations for LWRs (Fuel, Systems…)

    CEA at a glance


    French atomic energy commission

    New Technologies for Energy

    • Research targets: low greenhouse gas emissions for transports and housing.

    • Hydrogen and fuel cellstechnologies

    • Hydrogen production with a nuclear power plant studies

    • High pressure hydrogen storage

    • PEMC, SOFC and micro fuel cells

    • Innovative process for biofuel production

    • Solar cells technology

    • Silicon and polymer cells

    • Solar modules and systems

    • Biomass

    • Energy storage and efficiency

    • Nanomaterials for energy

    • Platforms

    • Sushypro (Cadarache) for H2 production

    • Paclab (Grenoble) for fuel cells

    • Ines (Chambery) for solar energy

    CEA at a glance


    French atomic energy commission

    Highlights

    GENEPAC

    Fuel-Cell 80 kW

    developed by CEA/PSA

    (Jan 2006)

    CEA participates to 14 of 66 French Competitiveness Clusters (July 2005)

    CEA is in charge of the design work of a prototype of the generation-4 reactor for 2020 (January 2006)

    Creation of INES

    National Institute for Solar Energy

    Chambery

    (July 2006)

    Opening of Minatec

    Centre in micro-nanotechnologies

    Grenoble

    (June 2006)

    + ITER in Cadarache

    CEA at a glance


    Cea in the european research area

    An ambition

    Contribute to the excellence of

    Europe in Energy, information

    and health technologies

    N° 1

    for Nuclear Energy

    A role

    Player at the local level with

    an European dimension :

    Platforms of excellence

    (Minatec, Nuclear Fission...)

    Delegate for the French

    Government (EURATOM)

    Amongst the leaders for

    - Nanotechnologies

    - Controlled fusion (Iter)

    - Radiobiology

    A potential

    Open to partnerships

    Results in 6th Framework Program

    Large Scale Facilities open to

    European scientific community

    - Number of « news instruments » projects

    under CEA coordination

    - CEA involved in more than 100 projects

    CEA in the European Research Area

    A strategy

    Collaboration with R&D

    recognised organizations &

    support to new EU member

    states

    CEA at a glance


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