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SOUTH AFRICAN SAFETY CULTURE IN CHILD PASSENGER SAFETY . Safekids World Wide Injury Prevention Conference Date: Thursday, 20 June 2013. CONTENTS. BACKGROUND THE CURRENT STATUS LEGISLATION THE PROBLEM THE SOLUTIO N. SOUTH AFRICA – THE DYNAMICS. Population: 51.8 million

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safekids world wide injury prevention conference date thursday 20 june 2013

SOUTH AFRICAN SAFETY CULTURE IN CHILD PASSENGER SAFETY

Safekids World Wide Injury Prevention Conference

Date: Thursday, 20 June 2013

contents

CONTENTS

  • BACKGROUND
  • THE CURRENT STATUS
  • LEGISLATION
  • THE PROBLEM
  • THE SOLUTION
south africa the dynamics
SOUTH AFRICA – THE DYNAMICS

Population: 51.8 million

Income Group: Middle

Gross national income per capita: R2 751

Mortality rate: 28/100 000 pn

south africa the dynamics1

SA a fledging democracy with unique challenges-

    • socio-economic
    • Multi-cultural, multi-religious society
    • Eleven official languages
    • Varying levels of literacy
    • Poorly developed public transport,Scholar transport infrastructure
      • Majority transported in informal public transport over long distances
      • 80% of population rely on public transport
      • Majority walk lonf distances to school
        • Crossing major/arterial routes

SOUTH AFRICA-THE DYNAMICS

current status

More than 12 000 fatalities p/a

  • Cost of road injuries/fatalities is approx R306 billion p/a
  • Very few awareness programmes on CPS
  • Long journeys/peak traffic season:
    • roughly 65% of front seat
        • less than 2% of rear passengers
  • Stats for shorter, local journeys even more dismal.
    • Most fatal crashes happen 40km from home

CURRENT STATUS

current status1

Affluent and literate families most likely to use child restraints

  • Less affluent mainly use informal public transport in the form of minibus taxis and pick-up trucks which are likely are likely to be overloaded
  • Child restraints ranges between R500-R3000

CURRENT STATUS

legislation

NATIONAL ROAD TRAFFIC ACT, 93 of 1996

  • The seatbelt legislation under regulation 213-
      • An adult is a person over the age of 14 years or taller than 1.5m and
      • A child is a person between the age of 3 years and 14 years, except if taller than 1.5m
        • `no legal requirement for child > 3yrs to wear child restraint
  • The driver of a motor vehicle shall ensure that a child uses an appropriate child restraint; or wears the seatbelt if an unoccupied seat which is fitted with a seatbelt is available.
  • BUT
  • WHERE THERE IS NO SEAT WITH A SEATBELT,THE DRIVER SHALL ENSURE THAT THE CHILD IS SEATED ON THE REAR SEAT, (IF THE VEHICLE IS EQUIPPED WITH SUCH A REAR SEAT!! )

LEGISLATION

the problem

Traffic mix does not allow for usage of child restraints

  • `Little or no enforcement of correct seating position and use of child restraints(2/10)
  • `Law enforcers not examplary
  • `ambuiguity about enforcement of safety measures
  • `very few awareness programmes
  • Non compliance to rules and regulations
  • `inadequate restraint laws for children
  • `not necessary for short distance mentality
  • `wont get a ticket-will bribe
  • `age appropriate child restraint not used
    • Lack of examplary behaviour by parents
    • `Adults don’t buckle up
    • `poor adherence to basic safety measures

THE PROBLEM?

the problem1

Personal choice not to use child restraints

  • `child seats too much of a hassle
  • `indifference of drivers to ensure the safety of passengers
  • `children don’t like restraints
  • “Act of love”
  • `children on parents laps
  • `children on the drivers laps
  • `children assisting with driving
  • Socio-economic situation
  • `High unemployment rate and poverty
  • `Usage of public transport to travel
  • `Large families- therefore not practical to use child restraints
  • `Bakkies-Vans used as passenger transport esp-rural areas

THE PROBLEM?

the solution

THE SOLUTION

Integrated approach

slide11

Contact details of presenter:

Ms Mampe Kumalo

A/Executive Manager: Road Safety Education and Campaigns

Road Traffic Management Corporation

South Africa

(+27) 071 485 4784

(+27) 012 999 5313

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