The american revolutionary war 1775 1783
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The AMERICAN Revolutionary War 1775-1783. FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia - September, 1774. Prepare colonies for possible revolt Begin to create militias Most colonists don’t want a total split…yet Just don’t want to be taxed unfairly “No taxation w/out Representation”.

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The AMERICAN Revolutionary War 1775-1783

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The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

TheAMERICAN Revolutionary War1775-1783


First continental congress philadelphia september 1774

FIRST CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia - September, 1774

  • Prepare colonies for possible revolt

  • Begin to create militias

  • Most colonists don’t want a total split…yet

  • Just don’t want to be taxed unfairly

  • “No taxation w/out Representation”


Keeping the climate ripe for revolution sons of liberty

KEEPING THE CLIMATE RIPE FOR REVOLUTIONSons of Liberty


The opening of the revolt

King George III interprets colonists’ actions as rebellion

Sends Redcoats to supress

Brits learn where John Hancock & Sam Adams are (Lexington)

Also learn where secret militia storage supply is (Concord)

700 British troops secretly set out to capture both

BUT…

The Opening of the Revolt


Patriots learn of british plan

Patriots learn of British Plan

“TWO IF BY LAND, ONE IF BY SEA”


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

  • Need to send someone to ride out to Lexington and Concord & to Philadelphia

  • Warn of the coming British ambush

  • Who???


Paul revere s midnight ride

PAUL REVERE’S MIDNIGHT RIDE???

  • Riders: Sam Prescott, William Dawes, Israel Bissell & Revere

  • Revere and Dawes captured after 20 miles

  • Prescott made it to Concord

  • Only Bissell made it to Philadelphia to warn

  • Killed his horse he rode so hard


Why revere so famous

Jump to 1860

USA on brink of Civil War

Need something to unify people

Poet Henry Wadsworth Longfellow wants to sell a book

Writes “Midnight Ride of Paul Revere”

Becomes a hit – legend becomes truth

Why Revere so Famous???


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

  • Listen my children and you shall hear

  • Of the midnight ride of Paul Revere,

  • On the eighteenth of April, in Seventy-five; Hardly a man is now alive

  • Who remembers that famous day and year.

  • He said to his friend, "If the British march By land or sea from the town to-night, Hang a lantern aloft in the belfry arch Of the North Church tower as a signal light,– One if by land, and two if by sea; And I on the opposite shore will be, Ready to ride and spread the alarm Through every Middlesex village and farm, For the country folk to be up and to arm."


Minutemen units

MINUTEMEN UNITS


The british redcoats

THE BRITISH REDCOATS


Battle of lexington april 19 1775 the shots heard round the world

BATTLE OF LEXINGTONAPRIL 19, 1775“THE SHOTS HEARD ‘ROUND THE WORLD”

  • First battles of war

  • British looking to capture rebel leaders and supplies

  • Brits meet 70 Militia, who begin to disperse

  • Someone fires?

  • British gun down militiamen

  • 8 killed, 10 wounded


Battle of concord april 19 1775 later that day

BATTLE OF CONCORDAPRIL 19, 1775 (later that day)

  • Word spreads about the “murders”

  • Patriots want revenge

  • Assemble 300 on North Bridge

  • Kill 14 British, who are exhausted

  • Brits retreat back to Boston


North bridge over concord river

NORTH BRIDGE OVER CONCORD RIVER


Battle map

BATTLE MAP

  • Patriots keep attacking from trees the whole march back. 250 British killed. (90 minutemen)


The british seige of boston

THE BRITISH SEIGE OF BOSTON


Second continental congress philadelphia may 10 1775

SECOND CONTINENTAL CONGRESS Philadelphia - MAY 10, 1775

  • Continental Army officially created

  • Washington named C in C of Army

  • Accepts w/ no pay

  • Still No Call for Independence from “Gov’t”

  • Olive Branch Petition – plea to King to work it out


General george washington

GENERAL GEORGE WASHINGTON

  • On the day he is commissioned General…


Battle of bunker hill june 17 1775

BATTLE OF BUNKER HILLJUNE 17, 1775


Battle of bunker hill

BATTLE OF BUNKER HILL


Bunker hill battle don t fire until you can see the whites of their eyes patriot william prescott

BUNKER HILL BATTLE“Don’t fire until you can see the Whites of their Eyes” - Patriot William Prescott


Bunker hill memorials

BUNKER HILL MEMORIALS


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

  • British foolishly advance up hill numerous times – thought Patriots would run

  • They didn’t

  • 1,000 British Killed

  • 250 Patriots killed

  • Compromise now unreachable to King

  • Colonial Gov’t STILL not want total independence!!!

  • Until…


Common sense by thomas paine

Common Sense by:THOMAS PAINE


Thomas paine memorials

Convinced colonists to use common sense and declare Independence

THOMAS PAINE MEMORIALS


Thomas jefferson

THOMAS JEFFERSON


Writing the declaration of independence with ben franklin john adams

WRITING THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE(WITH BEN FRANKLIN & JOHN ADAMS)


Signing of the declaration of independence july 4 1776

SIGNING OF THE DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCEJULY 4, 1776


Declaration of independence

DECLARATION OF INDEPENDENCE


So we are at war how can we win

So we are at war…How can we win???

  • American Strategy:

  • Can’t go head to head with British Empire

  • Must make war last as long as possible

  • Make British give it up

  • Use guerilla tactics – quick strikes and get out BUT…

  • GW did want a traditional army and trained for it


After a while

After a while…

  • War NOT going well at all

  • Morale very low in Continental Army

  • Washington has not yet won a battle

  • Enlistments will expire end of the year

  • Sooooooo…

  • Washington has plan to deliver Xmas Victory

  • Will attack a Hessian camp at Trenton


Washington crosses the delaware river

WASHINGTON CROSSES THE DELAWARE RIVER


Christmas campaign 1776 battle of trenton

CHRISTMAS CAMPAIGN 1776BATTLE OF TRENTON


Hessian surrender to washington

HESSIAN SURRENDER TO WASHINGTON

& One week later…


Battle of princeton january 3 1777

BATTLE OF PRINCETONJANUARY 3, 1777


Xmas campaigns 1776

XMAS Campaigns, 1776

  • Trenton and Princeton

  • 2 Small Victories, but gave Army HOPE

  • GW gets new enlistments

  • Tells British colonists are tough and this will be a long fight


Trenton memorial

TRENTON MEMORIAL


Army grinds it out for another year

Army Grinds it out for another year

  • One Significant battle

  • October 17, 1777 – Battle of Saratoga, NY

  • Continentals win, but more importantly

  • Win convinces France to intervene in the War on Patriots side

  • British want to negotiate, Colonists Don’t


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

CONTINENTAL ARMY AT VALLEY FORGE WINTER OF 1777-1778


11 000 men in camp

11,000 men in camp

  • Brutally cold Winter

  • No Supplies for troops

  • 3,000 will die from elements

  • Very low Morale – Many Desertions

  • Maybe only 1,000 actually stay and stick it out

  • GW incredibly stressed out

  • Congress has nothing to send the Army


Suffering at valley forge

SUFFERING AT VALLEY FORGE


Washington prayer

WASHINGTON PRAYER


Vallry forge memorials

VALLRY FORGE MEMORIALS


Continental army problems

Continental Army Problems

  • Only GW holds it together – his strength and personality

  • Army size always changing

  • Very short of supplies

  • (Never know what if anything will get from Congress)


War shifts to the south 1779 1781

WAR SHIFTS TO THE SOUTH1779-1781


The american revolutionary war 1775 1783

  • After early success (capture of Charleston SC)

  • British CommanderLord Cornwalliscan’t totally defeat “rebels”

  • Eventually forced Northward

  • Tries to cut off Rebel supplies in VA

  • Gets info from…


Benedict arnold

Benedict Arnold

  • General in Continental Army

  • Hero of Saratoga Battle

  • Passed over by Congress

    for promotion – becomes very bitter

  • Gives info to British about GW tactics

  • Commits Treason

  • Plotted to surrender fort at West Point for $20,000 and a commission in British Army


March to yorktown

MARCH TO YORKTOWN


The end nears

The End Nears…

  • Cornwallis chooses to regroup and resupply at Yorktown, VA

  • Thought site was defensible

  • Becomes trapped in by advancing Continental army &…

  • France shows up in the harbor, blocking escape

  • British surrender – fighting ends 1781


Army marches to yorktown

ARMY MARCHES TO YORKTOWN


Seige of yorktown war ends with peace of paris 1781

SEIGE OF YORKTOWNWAR ENDS WITH PEACE OF PARIS 1781


Battle of yorktown

BATTLE OF YORKTOWN


Yorktown battle ground

YORKTOWN BATTLE GROUND


British surrender at yorktown 1781

BRITISH SURRENDER AT YORKTOWN 1781


October 17 1781

October 17, 1781

  • 4 years to the day of Saratoga victory

  • Truce to end fighting agreed on between GW & Cornwalis

  • Treaty (PEACE OF PARIS) signed 2 years later on Sept. 3, 1783

  • Ends the American Revolution


Why did america win

Why did America win???

  • Colonials able to drag out the war

  • British Gave it up

  • Became too Expensive to keep fighting

  • American strategy pays off

  • NOW THERE IS A NEW COUNTRY!!!!


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