„ Business opportunities in waste treatment ” C onference -Tel Aviv 14.06.2012. Business opportunities in waste treatment - introduction. Existing situation, circumstances: - formal - institutional / organisational National waste management plan - main objectives
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- institutional / organisational
- main objectives
- so where the business is ???
By the year 2014 the following recycling levels should be achieved:
Waste electrical and electronic equipment
Currently the required level of collection is a 4 kg per capita.
By the year 2021- 65% by weight of equipment placed on the market or 85% of the resulting waste equipment - according to the draft amendment of the WEEE Directive.
Batteries and accumulators
By the year 2016 and later - collection rateofwaste portable batteries and accumulators shall achieved at least 45%.
In the coming years the dynamic growth of the generation of waste is expected due to the economic development of the country and seal waste management system.
The Polish market therefore requires a huge investments aimed at the development of waste treatment infrastructure.
Particularly important for the functioning of the system will be investments in a new forms of waste management.
Forecasts for production of paper and cardboard, glass, metals and plastics from municipal waste in Poland.
Forecasted amounts of municipal waste generated in 2011-2022, including municipal biodegradable waste.
Financial development of the Polish waste management
In 2010 the market recorded a 2 955.5 million USD in revenue.
It is estimated that in 2017 revenues reach a level of 4 621.1 million USD.
In connection with the obligation to reduce landfill of biodegradable waste, investments in regional facilities to treatment waste are necessary. The current capacity for this type of waste management are inadequate.
NWMP (as of 31 December 2009 r.)
b) treatment of selectivelycollected green waste and other bio-waste and the production of one product with the properties of fertilizers or plant conditioners, meeting the requirements specified in separate provisions,
c) storage of waste generated in the process of mechanical-biological treatment of mixed municipal waste and residues from the sorting of municipal waste with a capacity allowing for adoption for a period of not less than 15 years of waste in an amount not less than those arising in the installation of the mechanical-biological treatment of mixed municipal waste.
Due to the obligation to provide the levels of recycling of packaging waste and the need to increase the weight of certain fractions of municipal waste processed for re-use, recovery and recycling, new investments are needed for the management of these wastes.
Also a new components used in production of packaging (eg. PVC) will force the construction of installations for the recycling of waste arising from them.
It is necessary to the development of waste sorting facilities to ensure the separation of mixed municipal waste into individual fractions to submitting them for further recovery and recycling.
Thermal treatment of waste
Increasing requirements to ensure certain levels of waste recovery, particularly packaging, will drive the growth of investment in thermal treatment of waste with energy recovery.
Currently in Poland there are numerous medical incineration plants, a few sewage sludge incineration plants and only one municipal waste incineration plant with a capacity of 42 thousand Mg.
National Waste Management Plan 2014 envisages the development of investments related to the thermal treatment of waste. It is planned to build eight installations for the incineration of municipal waste which will be financed from structural funds.
Waste batteries and accumulators
The development of waste management of batteries and accumulators, including an increase in subsequent years the collection rates, will force investment in plant for the treatment of this type of waste.
Existing production capacity for the recycling of waste zinc-carbon, alkaline, lead-acid, nickel-cadmium batteries are sufficient for treatment all the material collected from the market.
Installations for recycling waste zinc-carbon and alkaline batteries exceed their capabilities of processing (about 12 000 Mg) the mass of the collected waste batteries. There are also spare production capacity for the lead-acid batteries (130 000 Mg) and Ni-Cd batteries (2 000 Mg).
Waste batteries and accumulators
There is a lack of effective waste treatment technology of waste Li-Ion and Ni-MH accumulators. It is therefore necessary to run in Poland for at least one installation of the recycling of waste Li-Ion and Ni-MH accumulators with a capacity of approximately 200 Mg per year.