International Conference on Road Safety at Work . Washington DC 16-18 February 2009 ROAD TRAFFIC SAFETY CHALLENGES IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES Ronald Kabuye Ssebunya National Road Safety Concern Uganda [email protected] About National Road Safety Concern Uganda Status: NGO
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We have in ”a short time” changed our living from striving for survival to be sitting in a car with ABS, ESP, CAS, AICC, IDIS, stereo, mobile phone and video/dvd and navigation instrument
Mortorozation in developing countries is increasing so fast.
Speed is a main factor contributing to road traffic injuries in most countries.
Alcohol consumption increases both the likelihood of a crash occurring and the seriousness of the injury sustained.
Seat-belts have saved more lives than any other road safety intervention in the event of a crash.
Vehicles in dangerous mechanical conditions have greatly caused accidents especially along high ways
Providing safer routes for pedestrians and cyclists.
Lack of Political will.
Politicians are not ready to deal with the problem.
They infact feel trheatened when speed reducing measures are introduced and enforcement strengthened. Car drivers tend to complain and threaten not to vote them into power again.
Forgeting one simple that in most cases when drivers complain over an introduced safety measure,then the situation is improving.
Traffic safety experts can articulate the three important safety dimensions
i.e RISK, EXPOSURE and CONSQUENCES and give scientific definitions and solutions to the problem.
Developing countries should improve on their road safety policies.
The World Summit on Sustainable Development held in Johannesburg, South Africa, in September 2002 did not include a single item on road safety—a growing problem in Africa and other low income and middle income countries—on its agenda, declaration, or plan of action
Developing countries are faced with declining agricultural output, foreign debt burden, unemployment, poorly performing industry, deteriorating healthcare systems, HIV/AIDS (Africa), environmental insecurity, and political instability.
This is the context in which the problem of road safety has to be addressed. How does the prevailing economic situation in Africa affect the amount of resources devoted to road safety?
Insufficient data collection years..
The definition of a road accident fatality is not clear in many developing countries.
An example of reporting status in developed countries.
Political will and commitment are important for sustainable prevention of road traffic injuries.
France managed to cut the number of car fatalities by 32 percent, from 8,162 in 2001 to 5,530 in 2004.
"The issue was one of the key goals in the pre-election campaign by Jacques Chirac in 2002 and the results achieved after his election prove that national governments really can do a lot within a short time if they really want to," said a commission official.
Development agencies need to place road safety in Developing countries and elsewhere at the centre of the global agenda along with the institutional, political, economic, and social issues which make roads so dangerous.
Monitoring and Evaluation of these investments is key to success.
Road traffic safety should be prioritized at a global level
Change in rank order of DALYs for the 10 leading causes of the global burden of disease
Stage 1 - Feasibility/Initial design
Stage 2 - Preliminary design
Stage 3 - Detailed design
Stage 4 - Opening
Stage 5 - Monitoring
The United States has a direct interest in improving road safety overseas both from a humanitarian point of view and also because several hundred American citizens die in overseas road crashes every year with many taking place in Africa.