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Climate Change Adaptation for Sustainable Livelihoods in the Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh Selvaraju Ramasamy Environment, Climate Change and Bioenergy Division FAO, Rome. 600. 40. Rainfall (mm). ET (mm/month). Tmax(°C). Tmin (°C). 35. 500. 30. 400. 25. 300. 20.

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Climate Change Adaptation for Sustainable Livelihoods in the Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

Selvaraju Ramasamy

Environment, Climate Change and Bioenergy Division

FAO, Rome


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600 Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

40

Rainfall (mm)

ET (mm/month)

Tmax(°C)

Tmin (°C)

35

500

30

400

25

300

20

Temperature (°C)

Rainfall / ET (mm)

15

200

10

100

5

0

0

Jul

Nov

Jan

Jun

Apr

Oct

Mar

Feb

Dec

Aug

Sep

May

Drought Prone Areas in Bangladesh

Rabi– KarifI KarifII Rabi

Seasons


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Analytical Framework Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

Assessments

Outcomes/interventions

Livelihood profiles and assets

Local risk perception and coping strategies

Awareness raising & Advocacy

Inter- ministerial coordination

  • Hazard risk mitigation and climate adaptation (options)

  • Institution Building (entry point DRM)

  • Agricultural technology diversification

  • Better integration of hazard risk management

    rehabilitation-development efforts

  • Enhanced Climate Forecast Applications

  • Livelihood enhancement or diversification

  • Gender sensitive adaptation

Climate change scenarios and anticipated risks

Impacts of climate variability and change

Risk Analysis

Enabling and disabling institutions and support services

Hazard and vulnerability analysis and monitoring

  • Capacity building

  • Legislation, standards setting

  • Training of key stakeholders

  • Policy advice


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Future Climate Change: downscaling scenarios Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

Source: National communication DoE, BGD, 2002

Agarwala et al., 2003


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Strengthening Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh Institutional set-up

MoA- DAE Operational Structure

MoFDM Operational Structure

DAE – Technical CoreGroup

DMB

NTIWG

DMB, DAE, BMD, DRR, LI, DoE

District Deputy Director

District DMC

National expert advisory group

Upazilla DMC

Upazilla Ag. Officer

UTIWG

DAE: Department of Agriculture Extension

DMC: District Disaster management Committee

DMB: Disaster Management Bureau

NTIWG: National Technical

Implementation Working Group

Union DMC

Sub-Assistant Ag. Officer

Project officers

Community/Farmer Groups/Associations/Local Facilitation Team


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Typology of adaptation options in AG/LI, FI and FO Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

  • Agronomic management

  • 2. Water harvesting and exploitation

  • Water Use efficiency

  • Crop intensification

  • 5. Alternative crop enterprises

  • 6. Post harvest practices


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Seasonal planning for implementation of options Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

  • Pre-seasonal good practice identification and validation meeting (Clearing house mechanisms) to decide on new good practices for demos and on replications

  • seasonal working plans before each cropping season for immediate implementation


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Community Mobilization and Field Demonstration Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

  • Awareness raising

    • cultural programmes for awareness creation of local people about climate change adaptation

  • Extension strategies

    • orientation meetings, farmer field schools, folk songs and drams, demonstration rally, exchange visits

  • Mobilization of local community

    • Farmer Groups

    • Local facilitation Team (LFTs)


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Capacity Building Agricultural Sector: the case of Bangladesh

i) Climate risk and impact analysis

  • climate risk analysis methods

  • climate change impacts

    ii) Climate forecast applications for drought mitigation

  • introduction to forecast products

  • Application of weather and climate forecast products

  • Available adaptation options in Agriculture

  • viable adaptation options

  • Prioritized adaptation options and methods of implementation


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Integration of climate forecasts to enhance adaptive capacity

Providing climate outlook

Interpreting global climate outlook into local outlook

Translating local climate outlook into impact scenarios

Communication to/ from farmers


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Complementary adaptation measures capacity

  • Physical adaptive measures

  • Livelihood enhancement

  • Income diversification

  • Strengthening community

  • as well as formal

  • institutional structures

  • Financial mechanisms for risk transfer

  • public private partnerships


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Testing of locally selected adaptation options capacity

Mini pond for supplementary irrigation during drought spells

Homestead gardening


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Testing of locally selected adaptation options capacity

Dry seedbed practice with minimal supplemental irrigation

Jujubi (Ziziphus jujuba) was considered as a potential alternative option to existing autonomous mango cultivation


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Improving Livelihood Adaptation to Climate Change capacity

Stakeholder engagement and feedback

Up-scaling and

mainstreaming

Advocacy, broader awareness raising and networking

Economic feasibility studies

Advocacy, broader awareness raising and networking

Designing local adaptation

strategies

Economic feasibility studies

Field based demonstration and application of adaptation options

Validation and selection of adaptation options

Identify suitable adaptation options and extension methods

Identification and testing

Adaptation options

Institutional and technical capacity building

Community mobilization and local awareness raising

Identification of adaptation options including local technologies

Future climate impact assessment & outlooks

Assessing future

risks

Local agro-meteorological data collection and monitoring

Downscaling climate change scenarios

Assessing natural, socio-economic and institutional framework

Assessing current

vulnerability

Assessing current climate risks

Livelihood assessment & profiling

Assessing local perception on risks

to be addressed in second phase of LACC

Adaptation Framework


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Key Lessons: Entry points capacity

  • Current climate variability and DRM

  • Awareness raising

  • Doing better on known sustainable land and water management practices

  • Indigenous knowledge and no regret options


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Key Lessons capacity

  • Climate change further declines the adaptive capacity - need to launch adaptation measures now. BUT HOW to work in a relatively uncertain state;

  • Climate Change Adaptation is location specific and social learning process – learning how to adapt better;

  • Strengthening institutions with clearly determined responsibilities

  • DRR, climate change adaptation and development goes together at the local level

  • strengthening research-development linkages to address the future risks

  • Community based adaptation links bottom up livelihood perspectives and government led top down approaches

  • monitoring on-going adaptation practices, alert on risks of mal-adaptation, and establish links with policy making

  • promote public – private partnership to support inputs


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THANK YOU capacity


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