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Use the information to identify gaps PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Use the information to identify gaps. Northern Madagascar. Prioritise gaps to be filled. Kinabatangan River, Malaysia. Agree strategy and take action. Valle des Baobabs: Madagascar. Increasingly these processes are expected to involve a wide range of stakeholders…. Filling the gaps.

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Use the information to identify gaps

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Use the information to identify gaps

Northern Madagascar


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Prioritise gaps to be filled

Kinabatangan River, Malaysia


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Agree strategy and take action

Valle des Baobabs: Madagascar


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Increasingly these processes are expected to involve a wide range of stakeholders…


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Filling the gaps

  • All gaps can’t be filled at once, so PRIORITIZE.

  • Prioritize based on threat, leverage, opportunity, irreplaceability, feasibility

  • Consider early wins to build momentum, enthusiasm for protected areas locally and nationally


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Options for filling gaps

  • Create new protected areas

  • Expand boundaries of existing protected areas

  • Improve management of existing managed areas

  • Consider other conserved areas

Elements of a gap analysis


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Creating NEW protected areas

  • New federal lands – consider issues of compensation, land and water purchase/acquisition

  • Consider supporting creation of state and municipal reserves as part of national PA network (e.g. Bolivia)

  • Consider aligning with other socio-economic-cultural opportunities, e.g. ecosystem services, cultural sites, recreational sites

  • Use a variety of different management purposes (categories) and governance types to meet goals.

Elements of a gap analysis


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Other managed areas as seeds for protected areas

  • Forest Reserves (state, community, indigenous –owned)

  • Riparian or wetland protection policies

  • Fisheries regulations

  • Recreational areas

  • Other Conventions (e.g. Ramsar)

Elements of a gap analysis


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IUCN has a definition and six categories of protected areas, defined by their management objective

  • An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural and associated cultural resources, and managed through legal or other effective means


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Need for restoration?

  • Restoration may be necessary to have functional sites that will meet conservation, protection goals

  • May be passive succession, designation of only partially degraded lands (e.g. shaded agriculture), or active restoration efforts

  • Important to identify best locales where restoration can be successful (e.g. with sources of plants, wildlife)

Elements of a gap analysis


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Consider Other Forms of Reserves and Governance

  • Promoting Private Reserves

  • Supporting Indigenous Managed Lands

  • Looking at co-management options

Elements of a gap analysis


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IUCN increasing sees protected areas being defined by both management objectives (category) and governance type


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Improved management of existing protected areas

  • Improved management effectiveness to make paper parks functional.

  • Adjust and expand boundaries to capture biodiversity representation and ecological needs

  • Changes in governance and protected area category

Elements of a gap analysis


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The gap analysis should also at least consider well-managed land and water outside protected areas

Bamburi quarry: Kenya


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Thank you


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