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Water and Sanitation Planning for Response. Using SPHERE. WatSan Response Planning in Emergencies. How much water do people need for drinking per day? How much water do people need per day? How far should people walk to collect water? What should the water quality be like?

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Watsan response planning in emergencies
WatSanResponse Planning in Emergencies

  • How much water do people need for drinking per day?

  • How much water do people need per day?

  • How far should people walk to collect water?

  • What should the water quality be like?

  • How many latrines do people need?

  • How close should latrines be to houses?

  • How far away should a camp be to a mosquito breeding site?

  • What size refuse container do a family need?


Sphere
SPHERE

  • Minimum Standards for Emergency Response

  • Key Indicators

  • Standards for quality, quantity and access

  • Key reference

  • Chapter 2 – Water and Sanitation


Minimum standards

Key indicators

Guidance notes


Areas of key standards
Areas of Key Standards

  • Hygiene Promotion

  • Water Supply

  • Excreta Disposal

  • Vector Control

  • Solid Waste Management

  • Drainage


Sphere exercise four groups
SPHERE – Exercise Four Groups

Group One: Water Supply

Group Two: Excreta Disposal and Hygiene Promotion

Group Three: Vector Control and Drainage

Group Four: Solid Waste Management


Sphere key indicators
SPHERE – Key Indicators

Water Supply

  • 15L/person/day (3L of drinking water/person/day)

  • 500m from water collection point

  • Takes no more than 3min to fill a 20L container

  • 0 faecal coliforms/100ml

  • 0.5mg/L free chlorine at the tap

  • 2 containers of 10-20L per household


Sphere key indicators1
SPHERE – Key Indicators

Sanitation and hygiene promotion

  • 1 latrine for every 20 people (or 50 in emergencies)

  • Latrines less than 50m from houses

  • Community included in the design and siting of latrines

  • Hand washing facilities located next to latrines

  • Gender considerations for latrines


Sphere key indicators2
SPHERE – Key Indicators

Vector Control and drainage

  • All populations understand the modes of transmission

  • People avoid exposure to mosquitoes during peak biting times

  • People with malaria are diagnosed and receive treatment

  • Personnel carrying out chemical vector control measures are protected

  • Water points are kept free from standing water


Sphere key indicators3
SPHERE – Key Indicators

Solid waste Management

  • Household waste is put in containers for daily collection, burnt or buried

  • All households are no more than 100m from a refuse pit

  • At least one 100L refuse container is available per 10 families


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