Area based development approaches brussels jrc headquarters 6 and 7 september 2010
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AREA BASED DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES Brussels (JRC headquarters) 6 and 7 September 2010 PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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AREA BASED DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES Brussels (JRC headquarters) 6 and 7 September 2010. Area Based Recovery & Development can be defined as:.

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AREA BASED DEVELOPMENT APPROACHES Brussels (JRC headquarters) 6 and 7 September 2010

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Brussels (JRC headquarters) 6 and 7 September 2010

Area Based Recovery & Development can be defined as:

Targeting specific geographical areas in a country, characterized by particular and complex recovery and development problems, through an integrated, inclusive, participatory and flexible approach

  • Area of intervention: typically smaller than the country itself (but can be cross-border)

  • 4 categories of problems to be addressed:

    • Conflict-related

    • Disaster-related

    • Poverty-related

    • Exclusion-related

  • ABD only appropriate if problem can be addressed at the level of the area

  • Aim is to make the area fully participate in and benefit from national recovery & development processes

  • Integrated: multi-sector, multi-agency, multi-level

  • Inclusive: targets communities rather than specific groups and is non-discriminatory

  • Participatory: involving all stakeholders in planning, decision-making and implementation

  • Bottom-up approach: feeding into policy/ institutional reform through horizontal & vertical linkages

  • Flexible: tailor-made responses evolving with rapid changes in the area/ environment

  • Not every project that intervenes at local or grassroots level is area based:

    • nation-wide local governance, decentralized planning or community development programmes

    • local piloting of national programmes

    • sector-specific programmes at local level

  • ABD is area-specific, not sector- or target group-specific

Regional planning, decentralization & local governance programmes

Area based recovery & development programmes

Community development & integrated rural development programmes


responding to crises, emergencies & post- conflict situations

Deciding on an Area Based Approach:

1. Clearly identifiable area with unique or specific development setting

2. Area has complex & multi-dimensional

development setting





Area based approach

MDG localization


Sector or target group approach

Defining the Area Based Intervention

  • Defining the target area – always based on existing territorial-administrative units

  • Assessing the specific situation – baseline, critical needs, priorities, ongoing interventions, etc.

  • Defining the programme – main outcome, objectives/results, level/scale/magnitude of interventions

  • Implementation & management arrangements

Typical Components of ABD InterventionsPublic Administration & Participatory Governance

  • Planning, budget execution, public investment

  • Decentralization and self-governance

  • Mechanisms for dialogue and participation

  • Access to information, legal protection, human rights

Typical Components of ABD InterventionsCommunity Empowerment

  • Community organization through social mobilization

  • Community-based self-help initiatives

  • Strengthening CSOs/NGOs

Typical Components of ABD InterventionsBasic Infrastructure and Services

  • Small grant schemes

  • Larger infrastructure

  • Local procurement and sub-contracting

  • Sustainable management, operation and maintenance

Typical Components of ABD InterventionsLocal Economic Development

  • Planning, policy, regulatory framework

  • Micro-, small- and medium-enterprise development

  • Vocational training & employment generation

  • Financial & non-financial business services

  • Farming, agriculture, agro-processing

  • Marketing, transport, storage, rural-urban linkages

Typical Components of ABD InterventionsPolicy and Institutional Reform

  • Knowledge and practice networks

  • Independent research

  • Lobbying with Government/Parliament

  • Codifying practices into policies and laws

  • Replication of successful practices

Typical Components of ABD InterventionsSome Conflict and Disaster-specific components

  • Restoring local government capacities

  • Building on community self-help initiatives

  • Emergency employment and restoration of livelihoods

  • Reintegration of returning refugees, IDPs, former combatants

  • Early warning systems, conflict prevention and disaster risk reduction

  • Community security and access to justice

  • Mine Action, restoring access by road, to land

  • Gender based violence, protection

  • Building Back Better

  • Social cohesion, conflict mediation

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