Chapter 22 – Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Change. Ming Dynasty. Chinese civilization flourished culturally, agriculturally, and commercially. Provide stability for over 300+ years. Doing Things Right. Strengthening the Great Wall kept the Mongols out Restored civil service exams
Chapter 22 – Asian Transitions in an Age of Global Change
Chinese civilization flourished culturally, agriculturally, and commercially. Provide stability for over 300+ years
Asian sea trading network– Divided, from West to East, into 3 zones prior to the European arrival, an Arab zonebased on glass, carpets, and tapestries; an Indian zone, with cotton textiles; and a Chinese zone, with paper, porcelain, and silks
Goa – Indian city developed by the Portuguese and a major Indian Ocean trading base; developed a mixed Indian & European population
Malacca – City on the tip of the Malayan peninsula; a center for trade to the southeastern Asian islands; became a major Portuguese trading Base
Japanese History under Tokugawa
Oda Nobunaga (1534-1582)
General under Nobunaga; succeeded as power in central Japan
Becomes suspicious of European territorial ambitions.
Orders all European missionaries expelled from Japan.
Tries to invade Korea, but fails.
Consolidation of power instead of seeking overseas expansion; isolation
Tokugawa Shogunate Period
Japan closed off to all trade - isolation [except to the Dutch and Chinese].
Japanese Christians persecuted and Christianity is forbidden.
The government is centralized with all power in the hands of the shogun.
Domestic trade flourishes.
Merchant class becomes rich!