Rococo Art & Architecture. Rococo.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
RococoArt & Architecture
Louis XIV 'sdesire to glorify his dignity and the magnificence of France resulted in the monumental and formal qualities of Versailles. But members of the succeeding court began to decorate their elegant homes in a lighter, more delicate manner. This new style has been known since the last century as "rococo," from the French word, rocaille, for rock and shell garden ornamentation. First emerging in the decorative arts,
rococoemphasized pastel colors, sinuous curves, and patterns based on flowers, vines, and shells.
Rococo style started out in the decorative arts and architecture. Furniture and facades became sensational, and interiors and costumes are decorated with shells, frills, gold leaf and ribbons.
In GermanyRococo was favored by the princes, in particular by Frederic II of Prussia. It can be found in palaces or in pilgrimage churches in Germany, where it reached its limits.
In the 17th and 18th century it was summer residence of Prussian Kings and German Emperors.
Baroque architectural forms were not separate as in Classical style, but tended to blend together and overlap.
Paintersturned from grand, heavy works to the sensual surface delights of color and light, and from weighty religious and historical subjects—though these were never ignored completely—to more intimate mythological scenes, views of daily life, and portraiture. Similarly, sculptors increasingly applied their skills to small works for the appreciation of private patrons.
Ceres (Summer)1712, Antoine WatteauOil on canvasThe National Gallery of Art
Washington, DC, USA.
Thepopularity of the Rococo style was inspired in part by the works of the celebrated painter Antoine Watteau.
Watteau's elegant paintings perfectly embody the Rococo ideal of grace and playfulness. In addition, the painter's compositions often were asymmetrical.This stylish asymmetry in turn became an important characteristic of Rococo art & design.
Watteauwas not the only champion of the Rococo style, however. Two artists,
François Boucher & Jean-Honoré Fragonardalso created artistic confections that dazzle viewers with their charm and sophistication.
BoucherBest known for his fashionably frivolous depictions of rosy-cheeked aristocratic ladies, pudgy putti, and idealized mythological subjects, François Boucher's paintings are the essence of Rococo.
Allegory of Painting1765 Oil on canvas, National Gallery of Art, Washington, DC
After the revolution, he was ousted and forced to paint in the Neo-classical style, which he refused to do. He died in poverty, forgotten.
Marie Antionette’scourt painter during this period is Elizabeth Vigée le Brun (1755-1842)
Her style is neoclassical in exhibiting ideals of simplicity and purity. Her work can also be considered Rococo in its grace, delicacy, and naturalism.
The 1789 French Revolution halts the development of Rococo rather suddenly, and neo-Classicism is brought back.