Chapter 10 section 4
Download
1 / 22

Chapter 10 Section 4 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 81 Views
  • Uploaded on

Chapter 10 Section 4. Wilson’s New Freedom. Reform on Many Fronts. President Woodrow Wilson’s first priority was to lower tariffs Despite initial Senate opposition Congress passed {the Underwood Tariff Act of 1913. It reduced tariffs and introduced a graduated income tax}

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' Chapter 10 Section 4' - edan-charles


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Chapter 10 section 4

Chapter 10Section 4

Wilson’s

New Freedom


Reform on many fronts
Reform on Many Fronts

  • President Woodrow Wilson’s first priority was to lower tariffs

  • Despite initial Senate opposition Congress passed {the Underwood Tariff Act of 1913. It reduced tariffs and introduced a graduated income tax}

  • Next on Wilson’s agenda was banking reform at the time no banks had a central fund in which to borrow against. As a result it was common for banks collapsed when many people withdrew their deposits at the same time.

  • Wilson helped draft the {Federal Reserve Act- a reform measure that established a central fund from which banks could borrow}



Continued
Continued….

  • The Federal Reserve Act created a three tier banking system

  • At the top the Federal Reserve Board charge with running the system

  • Second were 12 Federal Reserve banks that served banks rather than individuals

  • At the third level were the private banks which could borrow from the Federal Reserve Banks at interest rates set by the Board


More on reform
More on Reform…..

  • Wilson also focused on business regialtion

  • He backed the passage of {The Clayton Antitrust Act which established regulations about what businesses could and could not do}

  • For example companies could not sell goods below cost to drive other companies out of business. Nor could they buy competitors stock to create a monopoly

  • {Wilson also backed the creation of the Federal Trade Commission to regulate corporate commerce}

  • The FTC was authorized to investigate corporations and could issue “cease and desist orders” to companies engaged in unfair or fraudulent practices as well as use the courts to enforce its rulings


Farm and labor acts
Farm and Labor Acts

  • In 1916 Congress passed the Federal Farm Loan Act which provided low-interest loans to farmers by setting up 12 federal farm-loan banks

  • The Adamson Act was passed that reduced the workday for railroad workers from 10 hours to 8 hours without cuts in pay

  • The Federal Workmen’s Compensation Act was passed to provide benefits for those injured on the job



Child labor
Child Labor

  • The administration was less successful in its campaign against child labor.

  • {Mary Harris Jones was a labor organizer and opponent of child labor}

  • Rising protests prompted Congress to pass the Keating-Owen Child Labor Act in 1916. Backed by Wilson the act outlawed the interstate sale of products produced by child labor

  • In 1918, however, the Supreme Court declared the law unconstitutional because it restricted commerce instead of directly outlawing child labor



The struggle for women s suffrage
The Struggle for Women’s Suffrage

  • {Interests opposed to national women’s suffrage in the United States until 1920 included liquor manufacturers who feared women would vote for prohibition and businesses that worried that women workers would demand better pay}

  • One leading force in the women’s suffrage movement was the National American Woman Suffrage Association (NAWSA)

  • In 1914 Alice Paul broke away from the NAWSA and formed the Congressional Union for Woman Suffrage which later became the National Woman’s Party


Continued1
Continued….

  • {The National Woman’s Party focused its efforts on a constitutional amendment to win the vote for women}

  • {Alice Paul adopted strategies of British suffragists to demonstrate the importance of women’s right to vote}

  • These attention-getting strategies included round the clock protests, chaining themselves to railings and hunger strikes

  • Energized by the leadership of Carrie Chapman Catt the NAWSA continued to use traditional political strategies to attain voting rights




Oh there s still more
Oh there’s still more…..

  • {early in her career, Carrie Chapman Catt won the right to speak publicly at her school’s literary society debates} she remained a political and social activist until her death in 1947

  • After the U.S. entered World War I leaders of the movement as well as millions of American women lent strong support to the war effect

  • Their patriotism helped weaken the opposition to women’s suffrage

  • In 1919 Congress proposed the Nineteenth Amendment granting women full voting rights. It was ratified in 1920.


The armory show was organized to introduce the american public to modern art
{The Armory Show was organized to introduce the American public to modern art}

Wassily Kandinsky; Improvisation 28 (1912),


Review question
Review Question

  • What did the Underwood Tariff Act of 1913 do?

  • Which Act established regulations about what businesses could and could not do?

  • This woman was a labor organizer and opponent of child labor

  • The National Woman’s Party focused its efforts on a constitutional amendment to attain what for women?

  • Early in her career, Carrie Chapman Catt won the right to do what at her school’s literary society debates




Wisdom and destiny by henry g keller
Wisdom and Destiny by Henry G. Keller


Constantin brancusi the muse 1912 marble
Constantin Brancusi, The Muse, 1912, marble


ad