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Splash Screen. Introduction Section 1: The Land Section 2: Climate and Vegetation Visual Summary. Chapter Menu.

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Chapter menu

Introduction

Section 1:The Land

Section 2:Climate and Vegetation

Visual Summary

Chapter Menu


Chapter intro 1

A study of the physical geography of South Asia will explain the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

Chapter Intro 1


Chapter intro 2

Section 1: the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.The Land

Places reflect the relationship between humans and the physical environment. In South Asia’s varied landscapes, large numbers of people depend on the region’s physical environment, river systems, and natural resources for their livelihoods.

Chapter Intro 2


Chapter intro 3

Section 2: the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences. Climate and Vegetation

The characteristics and distribution of ecosystems help people understand environmental issues. Seasonal winds in South Asia strongly influence temperature and rainfall, which affect what crops people grow and how people and the environment are affected by too much or too little rain.

Chapter Intro 3


Chapter preview end
Chapter Preview-End the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Section 1 gtr

The Land the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

In South Asia’s varied landscapes, large numbers of people depend on the region’s physical environment, river systems, and natural resources for their livelihoods.

Section 1-GTR


Section 1 gtr1

The Land the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

  • subcontinent

  • alluvial plain

Section 1-GTR


Section 1 gtr2

The Land the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

A. Himalaya

B. Khyber Pass

C. Gangetic Plain

D. Vindhya

E. Satpura Range

F. Deccan Plateau

G. Ganges River

H. Brahmaputra River

I. Indus River

Section 1-GTR


Section 1

A the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

B

C

D

The Land

Which mountain range absorbs the monsoon rains and slowly releases them into the region?

A.Eastern Ghats

B.Western Ghats

C.Himalayas

D.Vindhya Range

Section 1


Section 11

Landforms the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

South Asia’s landforms affect where people live and influence seasonal rain patterns.

  • Northern landforms:

  • Himalaya Mountains

  • Karakoram Mountains

  • Hindu Kush range

  • Khyber Pass

Section 1


Section 12

Landforms the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.(cont.)

  • Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra rivers

  • Gangetic Plain

  • Chota Nagpur Plateau

Section 1


Section 13

Landforms the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.(cont.)

  • Central and Southern landforms:

  • Eastern and Western Ghats

  • Deccan Plateau

  • Sri Lanka

  • Maldives

South Asia: Elevation Profile

Section 1


Section 14

A the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

B

C

D

South Asia is separated from the rest of Asia by which of the following?

A.Rivers

B.Mountains

C.Dense forests

D.An ocean

Section 1


Section 15

Water Systems the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

South Asia’s major river systems bring fertile soil to the floodplains, serve as transportation routes, and provide hydroelectricity.

  • Three major river systems:

  • Ganges—most important river in South Asia

  • Brahmaputra

  • Indus

Section 1


Section 16

A the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

B

C

Which river is known as the “cradle of ancient India”?

A. Ganges

B. Brahmaputra

C. Indus

Section 1


Section 17

Natural Resources the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

South Asia has a variety of natural resources upon which large populations are dependent for their livelihoods.

  • Rivers:

  • Drinking water

  • Alluvial soil

  • Transportation

  • Hydroelectric power

  • Fish

Section 1


Section 18

Natural Resources the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.(cont.)

  • Mineral resources, such as iron ore and graphite

  • Energy sources, such as petroleum, natural gas

  • Timber resources, such as sandalwood and teak

Section 1


Section 19

A the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

B

C

D

Which country is the world’s largest producer of graphite?

A.Sri Lanka

B.Pakistan

C.Bangladesh

D.India

Section 1


Section 1 end
Section 1-End the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Section 2 gtr

Climate and Vegetation the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

Seasonal winds in South Asia strongly influence temperature and rainfall, which affect what crops people grow and how people and the environment are affected by too much or too little rain.

Section 2-GTR


Section 2 gtr1

Climate and Vegetation the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

  • monsoon

  • tsunami

  • cyclone

  • period

  • triggers

Section 2-GTR


Section 2 gtr2

Climate and Vegetation the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

A. Bay of Bengal

B. Sundarbans

C. Thar Desert

Section 2-GTR


Section 2

A the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

B

C

D

Climate and Vegetation

Most of Asia experiences which type of climate?

A.Tropical

B.Highland

C.Midlatitude

D.Dry

Section 2


Section 21

Climate Regions the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

Much of South Asia has tropical climates with ample rainfall and a variety of vegetation; however, the climates vary widely in the north and west, where mountain ranges block rainfall.

  • Tropical regions:

    • Tropical wet

    • Tropical dry

South Asia: Vegetation

Section 2


Section 22

Climate Regions the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.(cont.)

  • Midlatitude and highland regions:

  • Mixed forest

  • Deciduous forest

  • Humid subtropical

  • Himalayan highlands

  • Dry regions:

  • Desert—Thar Desert

  • Steppe

Section 2


Section 23

A the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

B

Does much of South Asia lie south or north of the Tropic of Cancer?

A.South

B.North

Section 2


Section 24

Seasonal Weather Patterns the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

Seasonal weather patterns bring much-needed rainfall to South Asia, but monsoon winds, as well as other natural disasters, can also bring devastating hardships.

  • Three distinct seasons:

    • Hot

    • Wet

    • Cool

Comparing Climates

Section 2


Section 25

Seasonal Weather Patterns the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.(cont.)

  • These seasons depend on seasonal winds called monsoons.

  • Temperature and rainfall impact agriculture in the region.

  • Factors:

  • Extreme heat

  • Monsoon winds

Section 2


Section 26

Seasonal Weather Patterns the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.(cont.)

  • Natural disasters:

  • Flooding from monsoon rains

  • Cyclones

  • Earthquakes

  • Tsunamis

Section 2


Section 27

A the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

B

C

D

The monsoons are heaviest in which part of South Asia?

A.Eastern

B.Western

C.Northern

D.Southern

Section 2


Section 2 end
Section 2-End the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


  • A. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.The Himalaya

  • Created by collision of tectonic plates; extend more than 1,500 miles (2,414 km) across northern edge of South Asia

  • Includes Mount Everest, the world’s highest peak at 29,028 feet (8,848 m)

VS 1


B. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.Gangetic Plain

• World’s longest alluvial plain

• Watered by the Ganges, Brahmaputra, and Indus Rivers; agriculturally productive area

• India’s most densely populated area

VS 2


C. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.Vindhya and Satpura Ranges

• Mountains in central India created by collision of tectonic plates

• Separate the distinct cultures of northern and southern India

VS 3


D. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.Indus River

• Flows mainly through Pakistan; empties into Arabian Sea

• Known as the cradle of ancient India

• Remains an important transportation route

VS 4


E. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.Deccan Plateau

• Plateau region in southern India; located between Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats

• Rich soil with wet and dry seasons

VS 5


F. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.Ganges River

• Flows east from the Himalaya; empties into Bay of Bengal

• Drainage basin covers about 400,000 square miles (about 1 million sq. km)

• Named for Hindu goddess Ganga; sacred to Hindus

VS 6


G. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.Brahmaputra River

• Flows through India and Bangladesh

• Joins the Ganges river to form a delta; empties into Bay of Bengal

• Major inland waterway; also provides hydroelectric power

VS 7


H. the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.Monsoons

• Hot season is from late February to June

• Wet season is from June or July to September

• Cool season is from October to late February

VS 8


Vs end
VS-End the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Figure 1
Figure 1 the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Figure 2
Figure 2 the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Figure 3
Figure 3 the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Dfs trans 1
DFS Trans 1 the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Dfs trans 2
DFS Trans 2 the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.


Vocab1

subcontinent the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

large landmass that is part of a continent but still distinct from it, such as India

Vocab1


Vocab2

alluvial plain the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

floodplain, such as the Gangetic Plain in South Asia, on which flooding rivers have deposited rich soil

Vocab2


Vocab3

monsoon the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

in Asia, seasonal wind that brings warm, moist air from the oceans in summer and cold, dry air from inland in winter

Vocab3


Vocab4

cyclone the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

storm with heavy rains and high winds which blow in a circular pattern around an area of low atmospheric pressure

Vocab4


Vocab5

tsunami the contrasts between the northern and southern areas of the region and how South Asia’s large populations depend upon the seasonal monsoon rains that sometimes bring devastating consequences.

Japanese term used for a huge sea wave caused by an undersea earthquake

Vocab5


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