The SI System of Measurement - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The SI System of Measurement. Objectives. Identify the base units for the SI System Understand how and when to use derived units. Identify the differences between mass and weight. Le Syst è me International d’Unités (SI) Meter Kilogram Kelvin Second Derived Unit. The SI System.

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The SI System of Measurement

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The SI System of Measurement

Objectives

• Identify the base units for the SI System

• Understand how and when to use derived units.

• Identify the differences between mass and weight.

• Le Système International d’Unités (SI)

• Meter

• Kilogram

• Kelvin

• Second

• Derived Unit

The SI System

• Le Système International d’Unités (SI) is a modern version of the metric system based on a decimal system.

• In 1960, the SI System was a revision of the meter/kilogram/second version of the Metric System.

• The system has been nearly globally adopted. Three principal exceptions are Burma (Myanmar), Liberia, and the United States.

• The United Kingdom has officially adopted the International System of Units but not with the intention of replacing customary measures entirely.

The SI System

• Length

• The SI unit for length is the meter (m).

• Mass

• The amount of matter in an object is called mass.

• The SI unit of mass is the kilogram (kg).

• Weight

• Weight is a measure of the gravitational force on an object.

• The SI unit for force is the newton (N).

• Time

• Time is the interval between two events.

• The SI unit for time is the second (s).

• Temperature

• Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles that make up a material.

• The SI unit for temperature is the kelvin (K).

• Absolute zero is the coldest possible temperature.

Kelvin Temperature

Although Kelvin is the SI unit, in practice we will use the Celsius Scale

Derived Units

• Area

• Area is the amount of surface included within a set of boundaries.

• The SI unit for area is square meters (m2).

• Volume

• Volume is the amount of space occupied by an object.

• The SI unit for volume is cubic meters (m3).

• Density

• Density is the measure of the amount of matter that occupies a given space.

• The SI units for density areexpressed in grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm3), grams per milliliter (g/mL), and kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m3).

Derived Units

• Other units in the SI are derived (made) by combining units:

Larger/Smaller Units

• The SI system uses prefixes on the base units to make the unit larger or smaller:

Practice

What unit would you use to:

• measure the distance from your house to the school?

• measure the length of 5th Block?

• if you were preparing a weather report?

• measure the mass of a paper clip?

Practice (cont.)

What unit would you use if you were:

• measuring the thickness of your pencil/pen?

• measuring the mass of a penny?

• writing a density?

• measuring the volume of this room?

• measuring the area of the football field?