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CLOCKSS: Time and Places for Community-Based Archiving. Peter Burnhill University of Edinburgh IFLA 2010. The Problem. What was in print , with copies on the shelves of many libraries, now is in digital form & at risk of loss

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clockss time and places for community based archiving

CLOCKSS: Time and Places for Community-Based Archiving

Peter Burnhill

University of Edinburgh

IFLA 2010

www.clockss.org

the problem
The Problem
  • What was in print, with copies on the shelves of many libraries, now is in digital form & at risk of loss
  • Continuity of access into the future matters for libraries and their patrons
  • To solve this problem, we need cooperative action and the time is now…

www.clockss.org

twelve things about clockss
Twelve Things About CLOCKSS

Began as joint initiative/project by libraries and publishers

Now cooperative service activity, and a legal entity

Digital content is held in steward libraries, world-wide

Abandoned/orphaned content is Open (free) Access

Uses well-tested LOCKSS technology

Low-maintenance: Lots Of Copies Keep Stuff Safe!

Both CLOCKSS and LOCKSS are award-winning 

www.clockss.org

clockss lockss
CLOCKSS & LOCKSS

CLOCKSS accorded the first ALA ALCTS (Association for Library Collections & Technical Services)

Outstanding Collaboration Award in June 2007

a Private LOCKSS Network

Best Research - Proceedings of the 19th ACM Symposium on Operating Systems Principles, 2004

www.clockss.org

twelve things about clockss continued
Twelve Things About CLOCKSS (continued)

International community-governed archive

Asia/Pacific, Europe & North America

World’s leading publishers

Shared governance by libraries and publishers

50:50, with no single veto allowed

Advisory Council for supporting libraries

Sustainable financial model

Raising endowment; drive down costs & offer low fees

Open Access

Demonstrating success!

e-journal content saved: from alert to delivery as open access

You can get involved to support CLOCKSS

www.clockss.org

four unique things about clockss
Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS

Content held at steward libraries, world-wide

International community-governed archive

Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment

Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content

www.clockss.org

slide7

Global, Decentralized Stewardship

Asia/Pacific

Australian National University

University of Hong Kong, China

National Institute of Informatics, Japan

Europe

University of Edinburgh, UK

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Italy

North America

University of Alberta, Canada

Indiana University

Rice University

Stanford University

University of Virginia

OCLC

www.clockss.org

decentralized preservation
Decentralized Preservation

Libraries preserving content across the globe insures against geo-physical and geo-social risk as well as technical challenge of medium

www.clockss.org

four unique things about clockss1
Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS

Content held at steward libraries, world-wide

International community-governed archive

Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment

Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content

www.clockss.org

governed by the community
Governed by the Community

CLOCKSS is a tax-exempt, 501(c)3, not-for-profit organization

1/2

publishers

1/2

libraries

Governing Board

+ Advisory Council

www.clockss.org

governing board 11 11
Publishers

Wiley-Blackwell

Taylor & Francis

Springer

SAGE Publications

Oxford University Press

Nature Publishing Group

IOP Publishing

Elsevier

Atypon

American Physiological Society

American Medical Association

Libraries

Australian National University

University of Hong Kong

Japan National Institute of Informatics

Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore

University of Edinburgh

OCLC

University of Alberta

Indiana University

Rice University

Stanford University

University of Virginia

Governing Board (11 + 11)

www.clockss.org

advisory council
Advisory Council
  • Voice in CLOCKSS Archive governance
  • Each supporting library has one delegate
    • It could be You!
  • Meets quarterly
    • Virtually, by geographic regions to start

www.clockss.org

four unique things about clockss2
Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS

Content held at steward libraries, world-wide

International community-governed archive

Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment

Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content

www.clockss.org

aim to raise endowment
Aim to Raise Endowment
  • Only sensible way to sustainability
    • Do only what is essential to drive down costs
    • Be free of need to spend money on marketing
  • Objective is to use endowment benefits to cover operating costs & to reduce fees even further
    • To allow more libraries to participate at lower fees
    • To address un-served and under-served groups

www.clockss.org

low fees
Low Fees

Library fees start at $450/year

Publisher fees start at $200/year

have already lowered fees once

discounts for groups of libraries are available

We keep costs low so everyone can participate

www.clockss.org

four unique things about clockss3
Four Unique Things about CLOCKSS

Content held at steward libraries, world-wide

International community-governed archive

Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment

Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content

www.clockss.org

free open access at clockss
Free (Open) Access at CLOCKSS

Governing Board agrees when content is “triggered”

when no longer available from any publisher

Creative Commons license is assigned

‘Orphaned content is made freely available to all

for all time!

Content released via EDINA & Stanford University Library

3 titles now on open access!

www.clockss.org

demonstrated success triggered content now open access
Demonstrated Success! ‘Triggered’ Content now Open Access

Graft

Sage

Auto/Biography

Sage

Brief Treatment & Crisis Intervention

OUP

Open Access as cost-effective preservation strategy

www.clockss.org

the four unique benefits of clockss
The Four Unique Benefits of CLOCKSS

Content held at steward libraries, world-wide

International community-governed archive

Financial Model: Low fees, raise endowment

Free/Open access to abandoned/orphaned content

we need cooperative action

and the time is now…

info@clockss.org

www.clockss.org

questions welcome

Questions Welcome!

Thank you.

info@clockss.org

www.clockss.org

low library participation fees
Low Library Participation Fees

Materials Budgets Annual Contribution

Under $1 million $450

$1 - 2 million $600

$2 - 3 million $1,200

$3 - 4 million $1,800

$4 - 5 million $2,400

$5 - 7 million $3,000

$7 - 9 million $4,200

$9 - 11 million $5,400

$11 - 13 million $6,600

$13 - 15 million $7,800

$15 - 20 million $9,000

$20 - 25 million $12,000

Over $25 million $15,000

www.clockss.org

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