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5.6 – How Elements Form Compounds. Chemistry Unit Notes for Tuesday, November 8 th , 2011. Welcome to class!! Today is Tuesday, November 8 th , 2011. Thank-you for being here!!

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5 6 how elements form compounds

5.6 – How Elements Form Compounds

Chemistry Unit Notes for Tuesday, November 8th, 2011


  • Welcome to class!!

  • Today is Tuesday, November 8th, 2011.

  • Thank-you for being here!!

  • I will be blocking all internet access during Questions and answers section of our class today. As soon as we go over the questions and answers; I’ll remove the block!!

  • Very important information!!


Understanding concepts on p 189
Understanding Concepts on p.189

  • 1a) How do metals form ionic compounds with non-metals? During the process, one element (metal) becomes positively charged and the other (nonmetal) becomes negatively charged. Opposites attract to each other.


  • 1b) Describe the process with an example. The lithium (metal) and fluorine (nonmetal) will react this way. The lithium has one electron in its outer ring (orbit); would like to get rid of that electron. Without it; its outer ring (orbit) is full. All elements want / would love to have a full outer ring/orbit. The fluorine wants/REALLY WANTS ONE MORE ELECTRON. The lithium becomes positive after giving away its electron; fluorine becomes negative when it gets the extra electron.


  • 2) Beryllium and fluorine react to form an ionic compound. (metal) and fluorine (nonmetal) will react this way. The lithium has one electron in its outer ring (orbit); would like to get rid of that electron. Without it; its outer ring (orbit) is full. All elements want / would love to have a full outer ring/orbit. The fluorine wants/REALLY WANTS ONE MORE ELECTRON. The lithium becomes positive after giving away its electron; fluorine becomes negative when it gets the extra electron.

  • A) Which element is the metal and which is the nonmetal? Beryllium is the metal and fluorine is the nonmetal.

  • B)Draw Bohn diagrams of beryllium and fluorine.








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