The vietnam war phase iii 1969 1975
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 28

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 102 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975). President Nixon & Vietnam “Peace with Honor” 1) maintain US dignity in the face of its withdrawal from war 2) preservation of US clout at the negotiating table Nixon  SV govt. to remain intact. The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975).

Download Presentation

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The vietnam war phase iii 1969 1975

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975)

  • President Nixon & Vietnam

  • “Peace with Honor”

  • 1) maintain US dignity in the face of its withdrawal from war

  • 2) preservation of US clout at the negotiating table

  • Nixon  SV govt. to remain intact


The vietnam war phase iii 1969 19751

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975)

  • Paris Negotiations

  • US & South Vietnam Desire:

  • A) NV forces withdraw from SV

  • B) Nguyen Van Thieuremain in power

  • North Vietnam & Vietcong Desire:

  • A) US troops w/draw from SV

  • B) Thieu govt. step aside to include one w/ Vietcong

  • During meetings Nixon announces Vietnamization


Nguyen van thieu

Nguyen Van Thieu


Vietnamization

Vietnamization

  • Nixon’s strategy to end America’s involvement in Vietnam

  • 1) Gradual withdrawal of US troops

  • 2) Have the South Vietnamese (ARVN) take a more active combat role in the war

  • 3) Increase the pressure on the communist forces to negotiate

    • Leads to Nixon  Cambodia

    • Increased bombing of the North


Withdrawal of us forces 1969 1973

Withdrawal of US Forces (1969-1973)

By late August 1969 first 25,000 US troops w/drew

Next 3 years - troops from +500,000 to less than 25,000


Massive bombing campaign

Massive Bombing Campaign

  • Secret campaign against the supply routes and bases in NV

  • Expanded to includeHo Chi Minh Trail in Laos & Cambodia

  •  Vietcong sanctuaries

  • objectives:

  • 1) strengthen South Vietnam

  • 2) facilitate negotiations with NV & VC


The invasion of cambodia

The Invasion of Cambodia

  • April 30, 1970 - Nixon announces “incursion” into Cambodia

  • Purpose: to clear out NV and VC supply centers

  • No notification of Congress

  • Congress repeals Tonkin Gulf Resolution (Dec. 1970)


11th armored cavalry enters snuol cambodia on the 4th of may

11th Armored Cavalry, enters Snuol, Cambodia on the 4th of May


Criticism of the war mounts 1970 1973

Criticism of the War Mounts (1970-1973)

  • 1969 to April 1970

  • Nixon appeals to the silent majority — less explosive mood regarding Vietnam

  • (US troops returning)

  • shift in focus on college campuses to environment

  • This mood changes with Nixon’s announcement  Cambodia


Impact of the invasion of cambodia

Impact of the Invasion of Cambodia

  • Viewed as an expansion of the war

  • College protests erupt (1st nationwide student strike)

  • 1.5 million student shut down 1,200 campuses

  • Kent State

  • ROTC building burned

  • National Guard mobilized

  • Public Opinion  supports the National Guard


Kent state shootings

Kent State Shootings

Protestors: Nine wounded, Two Killed

Innocent Bystanders: Two Killed


The vietnam war phase iii 1969 1975

  • John Filo's photograph of Mary Ann Vecchio, kneeling over the body of Jeffrey Miller after he was shot dead by the Ohio National Guard


Other developments at home

Other Developments at Home

  • The “Hardhats”

  • Massive demonstration supports war policies

  • The Pentagon Papers

  • Defense Dept. worker Daniel Ellsberg leaks 7,000 page document McNamara

  • 1) government drew up plans  war even as Johnson was promising that he would not send troops to Vietnam

  • 2) showed no plan to end the war as long as NV resisted


Hard hats reclaim the streets new york city may 8 1970

“Hard Hats” Reclaim the Streets, New York City, May 8, 1970


The north vietnamese invade sv march 1972

The North Vietnamese Invade SV (March 1972)

  • largest offensive since Tet

  • Nixon’s vow:

  • The Communists “have never been bombed like they are going to be bombed this time.”

  • Operation Linebacker

  • Haiphong’s harbor is mined

  • Bombings stop the offensive

  • Stalemate continues – Nixon determined to end the war


A turning point

A Turning Point

  • 1971 60% Americans felt US should w/draw from Vietnam

  • Nixon’s 1972 election concerns

  • Henry Kissinger

  • Secret negotiations since 1969 in Paris  Le DucTho

  • eventually drops insistence that NV withdraw all its troops from SV before the complete withdrawal of US troops

  • October 26, 1972

  • “Peace is at hand.”


Kissinger s plan is rejected by the thieu regime

Kissinger’s plan is rejected by the Thieu regime

  • Alarmed @ prospect of NV troops in SV

  • NV breaks off talks December 16, 1972


Operation linebacker ii

Operation Linebacker II

  • US planes drop 100,000 bombs on Hanoi and Haiphong for 11 straight days

  • Paused only on Christmas

  • The “Christmas bombings”

  • Calls to End the War

  • From Congress

  • From Beijing & Moscow


The war ends for the us

The War Ends for the US

  • Paris Peace Agreement - Jan. 27, 1973

  • March 29, 1973 last US troops leave South Vietnam

  • The Fall of Saigon

  • Within months of the US departure, cease-fire between NV and SV collapsed


North vietnam invades the south

North Vietnam Invades the South

  • March 1975: full-scale invasion begins

  • Thieu appeals for US help

  • economic aid but no troops

  • April 30, 1975: NV tanks roll into Saigon

  • South Vietnam surrenders

  • Saigon Ho Chi Minh City


The fall of saigon

The Fall of Saigon


The vietnam war reasons for defeat

The Vietnam War – Reasons for Defeat

  • (1) S. Vietnamese govt. corrupt

  • (2) Ho Chi Minh - national hero

  • US = successor to French

  • (3) NLF + N. Vietnamese troops - skilled; outfought S. Vietnamese

  • (4) Jungle Terrain - technological edge muted; supplies continued south

  • (5) sentiment in US opposes “remote war”


Vietnam war casualties deaths

Vietnam War - Casualties/Deaths

  • US: 58,000 killed

  • 365,000 wounded

  • 1982 Vietnam Memorial unveiled

  • Vietnamese (NV & VC):1.5 million


  • Login