The vietnam war phase iii 1969 1975
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 28

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975) PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 114 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975). President Nixon & Vietnam “Peace with Honor” 1) maintain US dignity in the face of its withdrawal from war 2) preservation of US clout at the negotiating table Nixon  SV govt. to remain intact. The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975).

Download Presentation

The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975)

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975)

  • President Nixon & Vietnam

  • “Peace with Honor”

  • 1) maintain US dignity in the face of its withdrawal from war

  • 2) preservation of US clout at the negotiating table

  • Nixon  SV govt. to remain intact


The Vietnam War – Phase III (1969-1975)

  • Paris Negotiations

  • US & South Vietnam Desire:

  • A) NV forces withdraw from SV

  • B) Nguyen Van Thieuremain in power

  • North Vietnam & Vietcong Desire:

  • A) US troops w/draw from SV

  • B) Thieu govt. step aside to include one w/ Vietcong

  • During meetings Nixon announces Vietnamization


Nguyen Van Thieu


Vietnamization

  • Nixon’s strategy to end America’s involvement in Vietnam

  • 1) Gradual withdrawal of US troops

  • 2) Have the South Vietnamese (ARVN) take a more active combat role in the war

  • 3) Increase the pressure on the communist forces to negotiate

    • Leads to Nixon  Cambodia

    • Increased bombing of the North


Withdrawal of US Forces (1969-1973)

By late August 1969 first 25,000 US troops w/drew

Next 3 years - troops from +500,000 to less than 25,000


Massive Bombing Campaign

  • Secret campaign against the supply routes and bases in NV

  • Expanded to includeHo Chi Minh Trail in Laos & Cambodia

  •  Vietcong sanctuaries

  • objectives:

  • 1) strengthen South Vietnam

  • 2) facilitate negotiations with NV & VC


The Invasion of Cambodia

  • April 30, 1970 - Nixon announces “incursion” into Cambodia

  • Purpose: to clear out NV and VC supply centers

  • No notification of Congress

  • Congress repeals Tonkin Gulf Resolution (Dec. 1970)


11th Armored Cavalry, enters Snuol, Cambodia on the 4th of May


Criticism of the War Mounts (1970-1973)

  • 1969 to April 1970

  • Nixon appeals to the silent majority — less explosive mood regarding Vietnam

  • (US troops returning)

  • shift in focus on college campuses to environment

  • This mood changes with Nixon’s announcement  Cambodia


Impact of the Invasion of Cambodia

  • Viewed as an expansion of the war

  • College protests erupt (1st nationwide student strike)

  • 1.5 million student shut down 1,200 campuses

  • Kent State

  • ROTC building burned

  • National Guard mobilized

  • Public Opinion  supports the National Guard


Kent State Shootings

Protestors: Nine wounded, Two Killed

Innocent Bystanders: Two Killed


  • John Filo's photograph of Mary Ann Vecchio, kneeling over the body of Jeffrey Miller after he was shot dead by the Ohio National Guard


Other Developments at Home

  • The “Hardhats”

  • Massive demonstration supports war policies

  • The Pentagon Papers

  • Defense Dept. worker Daniel Ellsberg leaks 7,000 page document McNamara

  • 1) government drew up plans  war even as Johnson was promising that he would not send troops to Vietnam

  • 2) showed no plan to end the war as long as NV resisted


“Hard Hats” Reclaim the Streets, New York City, May 8, 1970


The North Vietnamese Invade SV (March 1972)

  • largest offensive since Tet

  • Nixon’s vow:

  • The Communists “have never been bombed like they are going to be bombed this time.”

  • Operation Linebacker

  • Haiphong’s harbor is mined

  • Bombings stop the offensive

  • Stalemate continues – Nixon determined to end the war


A Turning Point

  • 1971 60% Americans felt US should w/draw from Vietnam

  • Nixon’s 1972 election concerns

  • Henry Kissinger

  • Secret negotiations since 1969 in Paris  Le DucTho

  • eventually drops insistence that NV withdraw all its troops from SV before the complete withdrawal of US troops

  • October 26, 1972

  • “Peace is at hand.”


Kissinger’s plan is rejected by the Thieu regime

  • Alarmed @ prospect of NV troops in SV

  • NV breaks off talks December 16, 1972


Operation Linebacker II

  • US planes drop 100,000 bombs on Hanoi and Haiphong for 11 straight days

  • Paused only on Christmas

  • The “Christmas bombings”

  • Calls to End the War

  • From Congress

  • From Beijing & Moscow


The War Ends for the US

  • Paris Peace Agreement - Jan. 27, 1973

  • March 29, 1973 last US troops leave South Vietnam

  • The Fall of Saigon

  • Within months of the US departure, cease-fire between NV and SV collapsed


North Vietnam Invades the South

  • March 1975: full-scale invasion begins

  • Thieu appeals for US help

  • economic aid but no troops

  • April 30, 1975: NV tanks roll into Saigon

  • South Vietnam surrenders

  • Saigon Ho Chi Minh City


The Fall of Saigon


The Vietnam War – Reasons for Defeat

  • (1) S. Vietnamese govt. corrupt

  • (2) Ho Chi Minh - national hero

  • US = successor to French

  • (3) NLF + N. Vietnamese troops - skilled; outfought S. Vietnamese

  • (4) Jungle Terrain - technological edge muted; supplies continued south

  • (5) sentiment in US opposes “remote war”


Vietnam War - Casualties/Deaths

  • US: 58,000 killed

  • 365,000 wounded

  • 1982 Vietnam Memorial unveiled

  • Vietnamese (NV & VC):1.5 million


  • Login