# Map Skills Vocabulary - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Map Skills Vocabulary. By Mrs. Henson. Mapping the Earth. GLOBE. A scale model of the Earth. GRID. Patterns of imaginary lines that circle the globe in east-west and north-south directions. Latitude. The distance north or south of Earth’s equator. Parallels. Lines of latitude. EQUATOR.

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Map Skills Vocabulary

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## Map Skills Vocabulary

By

Mrs. Henson

### GLOBE

• A scale model of the Earth.

### GRID

• Patterns of imaginary lines that circle the globe in east-west and north-south directions.

### Latitude

• The distance north or south of Earth’s equator.

### Parallels

• Lines of latitude

### EQUATOR

• Imaginary line that circles the globe halfway between the North and South Poles.

### Degrees

• Used to measure distance from the equator

### MINUTES

• Degrees can be divided further

• One degree equals 60 minutes

### LONGITUDE

• Measures distance east and west of the prime meridian

### MERIDIANS

• Lines of Longitude

### Prime Meridian

• Imaginary line that divides the Earth into western and eastern hemispheres.

### Hemispheres

• Divides the earth in half

### Continents

• Earth’s land surface is divided into seven large landmasses.

### Islands

• Land completely surrounded by water.

### Mapmaking

• Understanding Map Projections

### MAP

• Flat diagram of the Earth’s surface.

### Map Projections

• Ways of showing the round earth on a flat surface.

### Map Essentials

• How to Read a Map

### Title

• Shows the subject of the map

### Compass Rose

• Used to show directions on a map

### Bar Scale

• Used to measure distance on a map

### Scale

• The scale helps you measure the distance between two places. When you know the distance you can calculate how long the trip will take.

### Legend

• Explains what the symbols on the map represent

• Or Key

### Legend

• Maps often have symbols to represent such features as highways, small roads, campgrounds, and rest areas. These symbols are listed in the legend.

### Locator Map

• Shows where in the world the area on the map is located