“Green Economy Initiative”. Event Location Date Speaker Title UNEP. Outline. Multiple crises Opportunity amidst crisis Rethinking economic recovery: A global green new deal The Green Economy Initiative: A family of initiatives Making the economic case: The Green Economy Report
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“Green Economy Initiative”
Opportunity amidst crisis
Rethinking economic recovery: A global green new deal
The Green Economy Initiative: A family of initiatives
Making the economic case: The Green Economy Report
Engaging global policy processes
Fostering global consensus on green economy
Supporting regional initiatives on green economy
Country technical assistance and advisory services
A Global Crisis with Multiple Dimensions and Implications
Fuel and food crises - 950 million people worldwide at risk of hunger and malnutrition
Financial crisis - threatening jobs worldwide & poverty reduction gains
Climate crisis – exacerbating the others
200 million jobs lost between 2007 and 2009
Global economic growth in past 50 years accompanied by accelerated environmental decline
1981 – 2005: global GDP more than doubled, but 60% of world’s ecosystems degraded/exploited unsustainably
Continued Environmental Neglect
Potential for substantial investments in a green economy
Opportunity Amidst Crisis
Opportunity as governments jump start economies
Revive the world economy, create new and decent jobs, and protect the vulnerable
Reduce carbon dependency, ecosystem degradation, and water scarcity
Eliminate persistent poverty by 2015…. achieve the MDG’s
From : Edward B. Barbier,
“A Global Green New Deal”,
UNEP, Feb 2009
Fiscal stimulus agreed as the way forward, but how sustainable is the recovery ?
“Green Investment” beats a “Shopping Spree”
“Win-Win-Win” solutions exist : Decent Jobs, Lower Risks, Higher Returns
Globalization is a fact : success lies in globally coordinated action ..
“A crisis is a terrible thing to waste” : Seeding the “Green Economy”
source: HSCB 2009, CIA factbook
Inernational Policy Architecture
Global Carbon Market
Global Markets for Ecosystems Services
Development and Transfer of Technology
GGND International Coordination
Domestic Policy Initiatives
Incentives & Taxes
Land Use and Urban Policy
Integrated Management of Freshwater
Monitoring and Accountability
Green Economy: Key Questions
The Green Economy Initiative (GEI)
To achieve significant progress in addressing global environmental priorities by the end of 2010 by:
Demonstrating that Greening is a new engine for growth, sizing sectoral opportunities, addressing hurdles & enabling conditions
Demonstrating the value of ecosystems & biodiversity, capturing these values, and reversing the vicious cycle of environmental losses and persistent poverty
Sizing and incentivizing growth in green & decent jobs
& Civil Society
A report on a Global Green New Deal proposing key elements of a global policy response to economic crisis
An in-depth review of the state and prospect of key green sectors and specific policy recommendations
In September 2008, UNEP- ILO launched a report showing:
Investments to reduce climate change and its effects are generating new jobs
Next phase: country studies
“Where capital flows today, jobs follow tomorrow”
What are the key sectors at risk ? What are the key sectors of opportunity ? And the net change in FTE’s for each ?
How does ‘greening’ impact employment ?
“Green Jobs Report”, September 2008
Globally, > 2.3 million workers employed in renewables; by 2030, could be 20 million jobs
Greening buildings in EU & US would create 2 million jobs
In China, 10 million jobs in the recycling sector
The Report found that:
The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity
Economic Size & Welfare Impact of Losses is huge
Strong link with
Poverty & risk of
are ethical choices
Rethink todays subsidies to meet tomorrow’s priorities
Share the benefits of
we Manage !
TEEB II Deliverables
The objective of the Green Economy Report is to make and communicate a strong and convincing economic case for greening economies and creating decent green jobs by investing in a new generation of assets (social, natural, human, and financial).
…One which undermines natural capital..
….Or risks human survival ...
‘Ecological Footprint’ already exceeds Earth’s regenerative capacity… our demands on the planet have doubled over the last 40 years…
Global GHG Emissions at 42 GtCO2e per annum are 5 times higher than the Earth can absorb …
GGND : A Policy Brief
Regional / Country Reports
Regional / Country Reports
Following Roosevelt’s strategy in the 30s, advocacy for a green revolution.
Initialized in 2008 by the UNEP, the GGND was a key document of the 2009 G20 in London.
« Jump-starting the transition to a green economy”
International components : Urgent reforms to international architecture.
National Components : Green priorities for fiscal spending, and reforms to national architecture
Optimizing “quick wins” and “sustainable returns to investment” objectives in stimulus packages
Addressing both Developed World and Developing World circumstances
Avoiding past mistakes of capital mis-allocation.
The GER is an in-depth sectoral analysis of the economic and social potential impact of green investments resulting from green stimulus packages.
Targets: Decision makers, government officials, business executives, researchers and representatives of civil society organizations.
Open architecture, end-user targeted, dialogue-based, inclusive…
UNEP Green Economy Team
Technical Advisory & Coordination Team (TACT)
Project Implementation & Communications Team (PICT)
Note : Each Chapter has a “Writing Team” composed of the chapter authors, contributors and
Other experts and stakeholders from government, international institutions, business and civil society
Clean tech : materials & energy efficiency
Low carbon cities , buildings & transport
Waste management & mitigation
Cities are polluted, crowded and complex to manage.
Delivering the smart city: The GER will a guidance plan for mayors to improve sustainability and growth in cities.
● Shifting 25% of all air travel in 2050 under 750 km to high speed rail travel would result in savings of around .5 GT of CO2/year (IEA, ‘08)
● Shifting 25% of all road freight over 500 km to rail, .4 Gt of CO2/year could be saved (IEA, ‘08).
About 2.3 million jobs in renewable energy sector in comparison to 2 m employed in oil & gas refining industry in ’99.
Projected investments of US$ 630b in renewable energy sector by 2030 would translate into at least 20 m jobs.
China: RE sector generates output worth US $ 17 bill & employs 1 mill.
Nigeria: a biofuels industry based on casava & sugar can provide 200,000 jobs
India: 900,00 jobs could be created in the biomass gasification by 2025
Bangladesh: At least 20,000 jobs have been created with the uptake of 3 renewable energy technologies (PV solar home systems biogas facilities, & improved cooking stoves)
●Market for water supply, sanitation,& water efficiency estimated at US$ 253 bn & is expected to grow to US$ 658 bn by 2020.
● Estimated Investment of USD 15 bn per annum.
● This could generate USD 38 billion (with 15 bn in sub-Saharan Africa).
Organic agriculture sustains health of soils, ecosystems & people
Provides more than 30% more jobs/ha than non-organic
China has increased its allocation of land for organic prod from 300,000 ha in ‘05 to 3.5 mill ha in ’06
In Ethiopia alone, 6 bn is being invested in land management during a period of 15 years.
Green economy presence at strategic policy junctures:
Sessions of the Commission on Sustainable Development
UN Conference on the World Financial and Economic and its Impact on Development in New York (June 2009)
G8 Summit 2009 in Italy (July 2009)
ECOSOC Substantive Session in Geneva (July 2009)
World Climate Conference 3 in Geneva (August-September 2009)
Global Renewable Energy Forum in Mexico (October 2009)
UNEP Finance Initiative 2009 Global Roundtable in Cape Town (October 2009)
UNFCCC COP 15 and Kyoto Protocol MOP 5in Copenhagen (December 2009)
International Association for Impact Assessment 2010 meeting in Geneva (April 2010) among other targeted events. Ect…
Engaging governments on an global policy document on Green Economy, modelled on the “IPCC Synthesis Report”
Objective of adoption of the policy document at the UNEP Governing Council/Global Ministerial Environment Forum in 2011
Regional initiative for “East Asia Low Carbon Green Growth”
Regional initiative on Green Economy in West Asia, in collaboration with UNEP ROWA
Regional Imitative on Green Economy in Africa, in collaboration with UNEP ROWA
Korea: UNEP is organizing an independent review of “Korea Green Growth National Vision”.
China: UNEP has received a proposal from the Government to support policy research that would feed into China’s national five-year plan.
Uruguay: The Government has requested UNEP support in undertaking a green economy initiative.
A new Engine for the Economy ?
UNEP Green Economy Website