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Instructor’s Name Semester, 200_. Chapter Objectives. Identify the signs of an aging population. Define the following groups-old, young old, old old, and oldest old. Define the terms aged, aging, elders, gerontology, and geriatrics.

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instructor s name semester 200
Instructor’s Name

Semester, 200_

chapter objectives
Chapter Objectives
  • Identify the signs of an aging population.
  • Define the following groups-old, young old, old old, and oldest old.
  • Define the terms aged, aging, elders, gerontology, and geriatrics.
  • State several commonly held myths about the senior population.
  • Explain the meaning of an age-pyramid.
chapter objectives1
Chapter Objectives
  • List the factors that affect the size and age of a population.
  • Define fertility and mortality rates and explain how they impact life expectancy.
  • Explain the difference between support and labor-force ratios.
  • Briefly outline elder abuse and neglect in the United States.
chapter objectives2
Chapter Objectives
  • Describe the typical elder, with regard to martial status, living arrangements, racial and ethnic background, economic status, and geographic location.
  • Identify the six instrumental needs of elders.
  • Briefly summarize the Older Americans Act of 1965.
chapter objectives3
Chapter Objectives
  • List the services provided for elders in most communities.
  • Explain the difference between respite care and adult day care.
  • Identify the four different levels of tasks with which elderly need assistance.
definitions
Definitions
  • Aged
    • state of being old
  • Aging
    • changes that occur as living things grow older
  • Gerontology
    • study of aging
  • Geriatrics
    • medical practice specializing in treatment of the aged
myths of aging
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “After age 65, life goes steadily downhill.”
  • Truth:
    • There is no magic age that defines the boundary between healthy middle age and total decrepitude.
myths of aging1
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Old people are all alike.”
  • Truth:
    • There are more differences among seniors than any other segment of the U.S. population.
myths of aging2
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Old people are lonely and ignored by their families.”
  • Truth:
    • Seniors are the least likely to be lonely of any age group; and those who live alone are likely to be in close contact, either in person or by telephone, with close friends and/or their children.
myths of aging3
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Old people are senile.”
  • Truth:
    • Senility is the result of disease and only affects about 5% of seniors living in noninstitutional settings.
myths of aging4
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Old people have a good life.”
  • Truth:
    • Though seniors do gain certain advantages when they retire and when their children leave home, they still face a number of concerns such as loss of loved ones, loss of health, and loss of value in society.
myths of aging5
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Most old people are sickly.”
  • Truth:
    • Most older people do have at least one chronic health problem, but the majority of seniors are able to live active life-styles.
myths of aging6
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Old people no longer have any sexual interest or ability.”
  • Truth:
    • Sexual interest does not diminish with age, but there is a slight alteration in sexual response. Nonetheless, many seniors in reasonably good health have active and satisfying sex lives.
myths of aging7
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Most old people end up in nursing homes.”
  • Truth:
    • Only approximately 6% of those above the age of 65 live in nursing homes. While that % jumps to 25% for the oldest old, (85 & over) it is still well below half.
myths of aging8
Myths of Aging
  • Myth:
    • “Older people are unproductive.”
  • Truth:
    • There is no consistent pattern to show superior productivity in any age group.
demography of aging
Demography of Aging
  • Size & Growth
  • Factors which affect population size & age
    • fertility rates
    • mortality rates
    • migration
support labor force ratios
Support & Labor-Force Ratios
  • Support ratio
    • comparison between society’s unproductive and productive individuals
    • total support ratio youth support ratio
    • elderly support ratio
  • Labor-force support ratio
    • based upon the number who are actually working
demography of aging1
Demography of Aging
  • Marital status & other variables
  • Living arrangement
  • Racial and Ethnic composition
  • Geographic Distribution
  • Economic Status
housing needs of seniors
Housing Needs of Seniors
  • Housing
    • older homes
    • homes of lower value
    • in need of repair
    • less likely to have central heating and air conditioning
    • less likely to have a telephone

Mobile homes

Multi-

Single family

health profile of elders
Health Profile of Elders
  • Mortality
  • Morbidity
    • Chronic conditions
    • Impairments
health behaviors
Health Behaviors
  • Less likely
    • consume large amounts of alcohol
    • smoke cigarettes
    • overweight or obese
  • when compared to younger counterparts
  • Neglect and Abuse
instrumental needs of elders
Instrumental Needs of Elders
  • Income
  • Housing
  • Personal Care
  • Health Care
transportation concerns of seniors
Transportation Concerns of Seniors
  • Important to remain independent
  • Solutions to Transportation Problems
    • Fare reductions
    • Subsidies to mass transit
    • Subsidies for taxis
    • Funds to assist centers in purchasing equipped vehicles
community facilities services
Community Facilities & Services
  • Meal service
    • programs such as meals-on-wheels & congregate meals
  • Homemaker service
    • enables elderly to remain in their own homes
  • Chore & home maintenance service
  • Visitor service
community facilities services1
Community Facilities & Services
  • Adult day care
    • provides care for seniors left alone all day
  • Respite care
  • Home health care
  • Senior centers
  • Other Services
chapter 9
Chapter 9

Seniors

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