Islamic astronomy
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Islamic Astronomy. By: Max Crawford and Clare Wolf. Islamic Astronomy. Astronomy had a privileged status among the hierarchy of Islamic Sciences It provided insight to the divinely inspired nature of the universe. Provided solutions to every day problems.

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Islamic Astronomy

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Islamic Astronomy

By:

Max Crawford and Clare Wolf


Islamic Astronomy

  • Astronomy had a privileged status among the hierarchy of Islamic Sciences

  • It provided insight to the divinely inspired nature of the universe.

  • Provided solutions to every day problems.

  • Astronomical data was essential to establish the Muslim calendar and dates of religious festivals based on lunar cycles.


Invention

  • Al Zarqali (Arzachel)

    • Contributed to the Toledan Tables:

      • Highly accurate compilation of astronomical data

    • Developed precise instruments for astronomical use:

      • Clock that indicated days and months

  • Al-Bitruji

    • Developed new theory of stellar movement based on Aristotle’s thinking

    • Made the Book of Form

      • Later became popular in the West


Invention

  • Invented the sextant

  • Developed astrolabe

    • Later Europeans used the astrolabe to further their own development and education of astronomy


Influence

  • Islamic Maps in high demand of other cultures:

    • China

    • Europe: inspired European scientists to make astronomical instruments

  • Practical applications

    • Navigation

  • Sophistication of astronomical instruments

    • Made astronomical tables and maps


Influence

  • Names of stars from Islamic Astronomers still used today:

    • Altair

    • Deneb

    • Betelgeuse

  • Astronomical Terms:

    • Zenith

    • Nadir

    • Azimuth


Impact

  • Advances in:

    • Time

      • Months

      • Days

      • Weeks

      • Holidays

    • Navigation

      • Astronomical Maps

      • Land maps

  • Islamic Astronomy still used in modern day society

  • Helped other civilizations further their own astronomical education

    • Some even improved the Islamic inventions further


Works Cited

  • http://islamicity.com/Mosque/ihame/Sec12.htm

  • http://www.muslimheritage.com/Default.aspx

  • http://www.mhs.ox.ac.uk/scienceislam/index.php


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