Chapter 15 notes
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Chapter 15 Notes. Physical Geography of Russia & the Republics: A Land of Extremes. Section 1- Landforms & Resources. Region is 3x’s the size of U.S. Crosses 11 time zones & 2 continents 1/6 of all land area. Section 1- Landforms & Resources. Northern European plain

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Chapter 15 Notes

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Chapter 15 notes

Chapter 15 Notes

Physical Geography of Russia & the Republics: A Land of Extremes


Chapter 15 notes

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Region is 3x’s the size of U.S.

  • Crosses 11 time zones & 2 continents

  • 1/6 of all land area


Chapter 15 notes

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Northern European plain

    • Contains 75% of regions population

      • Moscow

      • St. Petersburg

      • Kiev

    • Chernozem- black earth


Chapter 15 notes

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Ural Mts.- dividing line between Europe & Asia

    • Eurasia- name given for the single landmass of Europe & Asia


Chapter 15 notes

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • DON’T WRITE

  • Transcaucasia- region that consists of Armenia, Azerbaijan, & Georgia

Transcaucasia

Central Asia


Chapter 15 notes

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Lake Baikal-

    • Deepest lake in the world

    • Holds 20% of worlds freshwater supplies


Chapter 15 notes

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Siberia- the part of Russia that lies on the continent of Asia

    • Very inaccessible

    • 1/5 of world’s timber resources

    • Very cold winters


Chapter 15 notes

Section 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • Continentality- the effects of being so far away from large bodies of water

    • Hotter summers

    • & colder winters

    • Kansas?


Chapter 15 notes

Section 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • Taiga- largest forest on earth


Chapter 15 notes

Section 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • DON’T WRITE

  • Reindeer


Chapter 15 notes

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Aral Sea-once 4th largest freshwater lake in world

    • Water from its 2 main rivers has been diverted to cotton fields

    • No native fish left of 24 species


Chapter 15 notes

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Runoff- rainfall not absorbed by the soil that runs into streams & rivers

    • This has severely damaged the Aral Sea


Chapter 15 notes

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Don’t Write

    • Some areas of Siberia get to -95° F in the winter

      • Cracks steel

      • Tires Explode

    • “Whispering of the Stars”

      • When you exhale, your breath freezes into crystals that fall to the ground & make a noise


Chapter 15 notes

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Don’t Write

  • Warm weather melts the ice & snow causing flooding

    • Brings enormous clouds of insects

  • Permafrost in the region also means buildings have to be built up off of the ground


Chapter 15 notes

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Don’t Write

  • Russian winters stopped Napoleon & Hitler

    • Napoleon left Russia with 100,000 troops at the beginning of winter, by the time he got back to France he had lost 90,000 troops


Section 3 human environment interaction

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • DON’T WRITE

  • Trans-Siberian Railroad-links Moscow and Vladivostok

    • 5700 miles long

    • Crosses 7 time zones


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