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Chapter 15 Notes. Physical Geography of Russia & the Republics: A Land of Extremes. Section 1- Landforms & Resources. Region is 3x’s the size of U.S. Crosses 11 time zones & 2 continents 1/6 of all land area. Section 1- Landforms & Resources. Northern European plain

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chapter 15 notes

Chapter 15 Notes

Physical Geography of Russia & the Republics: A Land of Extremes

slide2

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Region is 3x’s the size of U.S.
  • Crosses 11 time zones & 2 continents
  • 1/6 of all land area
slide3

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Northern European plain
    • Contains 75% of regions population
      • Moscow
      • St. Petersburg
      • Kiev
    • Chernozem- black earth
slide4

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Ural Mts.- dividing line between Europe & Asia
    • Eurasia- name given for the single landmass of Europe & Asia
slide5

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • DON’T WRITE
  • Transcaucasia- region that consists of Armenia, Azerbaijan, & Georgia

Transcaucasia

Central Asia

slide6

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Lake Baikal-
    • Deepest lake in the world
    • Holds 20% of worlds freshwater supplies
slide7

Section 1- Landforms & Resources

  • Siberia- the part of Russia that lies on the continent of Asia
    • Very inaccessible
    • 1/5 of world’s timber resources
    • Very cold winters
slide8

Section 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • Continentality- the effects of being so far away from large bodies of water
    • Hotter summers
    • & colder winters
    • Kansas?
slide9

Section 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • Taiga- largest forest on earth
slide10

Section 2- Climate & Vegetation

  • DON’T WRITE
  • Reindeer
slide11

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Aral Sea-once 4th largest freshwater lake in world
    • Water from its 2 main rivers has been diverted to cotton fields
    • No native fish left of 24 species
slide12

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Runoff- rainfall not absorbed by the soil that runs into streams & rivers
    • This has severely damaged the Aral Sea
slide13

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Don’t Write
    • Some areas of Siberia get to -95° F in the winter
      • Cracks steel
      • Tires Explode
    • “Whispering of the Stars”
      • When you exhale, your breath freezes into crystals that fall to the ground & make a noise
slide14

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Don’t Write
  • Warm weather melts the ice & snow causing flooding
    • Brings enormous clouds of insects
  • Permafrost in the region also means buildings have to be built up off of the ground
slide15

Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction

  • Don’t Write
  • Russian winters stopped Napoleon & Hitler
    • Napoleon left Russia with 100,000 troops at the beginning of winter, by the time he got back to France he had lost 90,000 troops
section 3 human environment interaction
Section 3- Human-Environment Interaction
  • DON’T WRITE
  • Trans-Siberian Railroad-links Moscow and Vladivostok
    • 5700 miles long
    • Crosses 7 time zones
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