Age of imperialism
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Age of Imperialism. What was it?. Between 1850-1914. Western powers carved up the rest of the world. European Motives Nationalism Economic Competition Racism ( Social Darwinism ) Missionary Impulse. What made it possible?. Industrial technology Maxim Gun Steamships & Rail

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What was it
What was it?

  • Between 1850-1914. Western powers carved up the rest of the world.

  • European Motives

    • Nationalism

    • Economic Competition

    • Racism (Social Darwinism)

    • Missionary Impulse


What made it possible
What made it possible?

  • Industrial technology

    • Maxim Gun

    • Steamships & Rail

    • Quinine for malaria

  • Internal Forces

    • Existing ethnic divisions allowed Westerners to “divide & conquer” less advanced peoples




The scramble for africa
The Scramble for Africa

  • Dr. David Livingstone’s journeys in the Congo (1860s) piqued European interest in African resources.

  • By 1870s, European powers began claiming African soil.


Berlin conference 1884 85
Berlin Conference 1884-85

  • Meeting of 14 European powers to divide Africa.

  • No African representatives

  • Was done with no thought to Africa’s ethnic or linguistic divisions


Africabeforethe1880s





3 groups clash over south africa
3 Groups clash over South Africa

  • Dutch Farmers (Boers) had been in Cape town since the 1650s

  • Early 1800s, Zulu expansion under Shaka led to clashes with Boers.

  • Throughout the 1800s, the British began pushing into Boer & Zulu regions for its Diamonds & Gold




The anglo boer war 1899 1902
The Anglo-Boer War 1899-1902

  • British politician & diamond magnate Cecil Rhodes instigated war with Boers to gain Diamond fields

  • Bloody conflict: British burned Boer farms & forced their families into concentration camps


Results of the war
Results of the War

  • 28,000Boer women & children killed; 8,000 Boer soldiers; countless Africans

  • 22,000 British killed

  • Britain gained control of South Africa




Impact of colonial rule in africa

Europeans did bring gave Europeans the upper-hand

Sanitation

Literacy

Infrastructure

Economic development

Mostly for their benefit though

Africa today is rife with…

Poverty

Ethnic strife

Civil war

Disease

Famine

Due to legacy of Imperialism

Impact of Colonial Rule in Africa


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