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Medical Informatics

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Medical Informatics

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

Professor Of Microbiology

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

albert einstein
Albert Einstein
  • Imagination is more important than knowledge"

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

informatics
Informatics
  • The application of information technologies to optimize the information management function within an organization

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

information technology
Information technology
  • Any technology which processes and communicates data, includes:
    • computers, voice, data and image sensing and communications devices, graphics devices, multi-media storage, etc.
    • pen, paper, telephones and fax machines

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

medical informatics
Medical Informatics

"the science of analysis, documentation, steering, control and synthesis of information processes within the health care delivery system, especially in the classical environment and medical practice".

Recihertz P

Protokoll der KlausurtagungAusbildungsziele, Inhalte und Methoden in der MedizinischenInformatik

Ulm: Reisenberg/b. 1973

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

health or medical informatics
Health or Medical Informatics

The terms \'medical informatics\' and \'health informatics\' have been variously defined, but can be best understood as the understanding, skills and tools that enable the sharing and use of information to deliver healthcare and promote health. \'Health informatics\' is now tending to replace the previously commoner term \'medical informatics\', reflecting a widespread concern to define an information agenda for health services which recognises the role of citizens as agents in their own care, as well as the major information-handling roles of the non-medical healthcare professions.

BMIS (2002)

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

medical informatics7
Medical Informatics

Knowledge Management

Clinical InformationManagement

Communication

Decision Support

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

health informatics
Health Informatics
  • Health informatics is seen as to be concerned with the individual and group behaviourof health care personnel in their interaction with information and information technologies.
  • Medical informatics is seen to be rooted in medicine and computer science
    • the social, organizational, and policy aspects of information technology are not usually taken into consideration

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

health informatics consists of
Health Informatics consists of
  • Information Technology
    • Health care
    • Research
    • Education
  • Fundamentals
    • Communication
    • Knowledge Management
    • Decision support
    • Clinical Information Management

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

health informatics10
Health Informatics
  • Health informatics is seen as to be concerned with the individual and group behaviourof health care personnel in their interaction with information and information technologies.
  • Medical informatics is seen to be rooted in medicine and computer science
    • the social, organizational, and policy aspects of information technology are not usually taken into consideration

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

are too slow adopting the change
Are too slow adopting the change
  • Medical schools have long recognized the need to revise their teaching methodology, but have been slow to change.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

why learn medical informatics
Why Learn Medical Informatics?
  • In the 1920-1930s the Radio was very cool.
  • In those days, the Radio was not a black box with buttons you have in your car.
  • To get a good reception, you had to know a little bit about electronics and things...

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

why learn medical informatics13
Why Learn Medical Informatics?
  • Computers are fast and affordable today.
  • If you don’t know a little bit about what "coils” are inside -
  • you will get frustrated and will bother other people.
  • And yet we want computers and IT now!

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

ict based leaning
ICT based Leaning
  • As we have to use information and communication technologies (ICT) in education but how to do so, and how to ensure equitable access for teachers and learners, ICT removes problems concerning space and time. Computers are increasingly used in medical education.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the first challenge
The first challenge
  • We have to prepare future physicians for the changing behaviors of patients, who are increasingly Internet-savvy and who sometimes appear to know more about their diseases than their own teachers

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the second challenge
The second challenge
  • This is closely linked to the first, is to raise awareness among physicians and Medical students in training of the many benefits of using ICT to Improve not only the quality of interventions and health care delivery but, from a broader perspective, the organization of the health care system itself

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the third challenge
The third challenge
  • Is to motivate medical students and practitioners to use ICT to find information, learn and develop. It is proposed that information
  • Literacy should be a mandatory skill for all medical students. The e-learning mode of training is also addressed. Although underemployed in most medical faculties, it represents the future of initial and continuous medical training. Virtual resources and communities, simulations and 3D animations are also discussed.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

the fourth challenge
The fourth challenge.
  • A further challenge inherent to the use of ICT in medical education is how to implement this innovation into teaching and learning

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

objectives to train all the medical students and faculty in the medical information and technology

Objectives: To train all the Medical students and Faculty in the Medical information and Technology

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

medical education is shifting to problem based learning
Medical Education is shifting to Problem based learning
  • There has been a philosophical shift in medical education in recent years.
  • Pioneered by the McMaster and Newcastle medical schools, there has been a move from the traditional lecture-focussed program to a problem-based approach (Harden).

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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Information fluency is the intersection of information literacy, computer literacy and critical thinking.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

computers medicine
Computers – Medicine
  • Computer and power of computers in the science and medicine

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

modern methods of www search
Modern Methods of www.search
  • Use of Internet, Modern methods in Internet search

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

ict medicine
ICT – Medicine
  • Information and communication technology for Medical professionals

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

e learning and resources
E-learning and Resources
  • Retrieval of Medical information
  • e-learning in Medicine
  • Podcasting and Video casting in Medicine

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

contributing on www
Contributing on WWW
  • Contributing and sharing our knowledge on World Wide Web

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

medical informatics improves educational strategies
Medical Informatics Improves Educational Strategies
  • Didactic vs problem solving
  • Competencies
    • Word processing
    • Information retrieval
    • Information management
    • Data analysis
    • Presentation
    • Communication skills
      • E-mail, file transfer, web

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

medical education is shifting to problem based learning29
Medical Education is shifting to Problem based learning
  • There has been a philosophical shift in medical education in recent years.
  • Pioneered by the McMaster and Newcastle medical schools, there has been a move from the traditional lecture-focussed program to a problem-based approach (Harden).

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

orientation by teachers is the primary goal
Orientation by teachers is the primary goal
  • By making our primary goal the preparation of students to be medical information managers, we have a strong rationale for the inclusion of medical informatics applications into the curriculum. This goal also provides a criterion by which the appropriateness of curricular offerings can be judged and the outcomes of instruction can be evaluated.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

informatics use in health care
Communication

Telemedicine

Tele-radiology

Patient e-mail

Presentations

Knowledge management

Journals

Consumer Health information

Evidence-based medical information

Decision Support

Reminder systems

Diagnostic Expert Systems

Drug Interaction

Information Management

Electronic Medical Records

Billing transactions

Ordering Systems

Informatics Use in Health Care

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

computer aided instruction
Computer-aided instruction
  • These include computer-aided instruction, learning about computers and their applications, use of computer-based information resources, use of computers as a tool and as a mechanism for information management, decision support and communication.) While medical informatics includes computer applications, it is not limited only to the use of computers, but includes the knowledge, skills and attitudes involved in seeking, manipulating and using biomedical information.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

best strategy practice
Best strategy/practice?!

Allow users/students to do the work themselves. Then, we should simply follow up with them to make sure that they are successful. Socratic questioning (i.e., reference interview) is useful too!

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

faculty should provide electronic information
Faculty should provide electronic information
  • Faculty must identify the prerequisite information and skills that students need to enable them to access electronic information sources, as well as the course content the student needs to "know" and the information the student needs to "know how to access" electronically.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

virtual reality in teaching a priority in medical education
Virtual reality in teaching a priority in Medical Education
  • The use of virtual reality in simulated procedures is a new application of computers in medical education and is as yet in its infancy. Procedures can be standardised and trainees able to test and practice their skills.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

medical informatics to be part of curriculum
Medical Informatics to be part of Curriculum
  • Medical informatics to be incorporated into medical school curricula in developing world. So Medicalinformatics allows physicians to access, analyze, and manage informationso that they can make educated decisions in patient care .The use of computers and the related technology is essentialfor communication and information-sharing with colleagues, forpublic and patient education, and for professional development

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

continued efforts by faculty will create interest
Continued efforts by Faculty will create interest
  • Continued efforts mustbe made to teach them the skills necessary so that they canbenefit from available and evolving technology. In addition,we recommend that students be introduced to computer-based testingearly in their medical school careers to improve their comfortlevels with this medium

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

so i think information fluency is
So, I think information fluency is …

communicating, problem solving, evaluating, analyzing, synthesizing, and reflecting on the entire process.

… having the ability to think critically while being able to apply this thinking across a variety of “literacies” (e.g., information, technological, cultural, scientific etc.) in order to “foster understanding, support sound decision-making, and guide action” in the classroom and beyond!

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

students should develop interest in electronic information
Students should develop interest in electronic information
  • Students\' attitudes toward their education may also have to change. Students need to learn that they must be information seekers as well as information managers. They also need to acquire knowledge about relevant sources of information, and the skills to access electronic information.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

medical informatics makes the better health managers
Medical Informatics makes the better Health Managers
  • Our primary goal the preparation of students to be medical information managers, we have a strong rationale for the inclusion of medical informatics applications into the curriculum.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

progress of medical informatics
Progress of Medical Informatics
  • Many Medical Informatics research centres developed computerized medical record systems
  • Incorporating Medical Informatics design principles.
  • With the shift to clinician-driven designs…
  • Many of these survived today and others are making a resurgence

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

patient data is most important source of information change from hard copy to soft copies
Patient data is most important source of informationChange from Hard copy to Soft copies
  • As medical knowledge continues to expand rapidly with demands for more efficient coordination of patient data become paramount, and the pressures for improved practice and application of evidence based medicine increases, medical informatics will have increasing influence in our working lives as clinicians.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

an information literate individual
An information literate individual …

Determines the extent of information needed.

Accesses the needed information effectively and efficiently.

Evaluates information and its sources critically.

Incorporates selected information into one’s knowledge base.

Uses information effectively to accomplish a specific purpose.

Understands the economic, legal, and social issues surrounding the use of information, and access and use information ethically and legally.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

Source: ACRL Information Literacy Competency Standards for Higher Education

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No matter what the future brings we will always need the skills to think critically about whatever information is in front of us – regardless of format. Technology cannot truly comprehend for us!

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

information technology is not a remedy for all ills in medical education
Information technology is not a remedy for all ills in Medical Education
  • Information technology must not be viewed as a potential cure to the current ailments of medical education. It may be part of the solution and should be treated as such

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

training our medicos a priority
Training Our Medicos a Priority
  • Medical informatics certainly helps to fill the gaps in teaching methods. Training our Medicos in ICT will change the perceptions of Health care and Delivery system.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

e books and e resources
e- books and e-resources
  • Electronic learning (e-learning) is moving from textbooks in electronic format (that are increasingly enhanced by the use of multimedia adjuncts) to a truly interactive medium that can be delivered to meet the educational needs of students and postgraduate learners

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

indian journal of medical informatics ijmi
Indian Journal of Medical Informatics (IJMI)
  • Indian Journal of Medical Informatics (IJMI) is an Open Access, peer-reviewed, online journal adopting a broad definition of "medical informatics" and focusing on the applied aspects of computers to healthcare delivery.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

summary
Summary
  • Medical Informatics discipline is not new
  • Yet appears to only be in its infancy in terms of enhancing medical practice
  • Medical Informatics has the potential to benefit patient care as much as a newly discovered drug / therapy
  • Yet direct benefits will not come in classic form – therapeutic interventions.

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for ‘e’ learning resources for Medical professionals in Developing World

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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