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Medical Informatics. "Medical informatics is the application of computer technology to all fields of medicine - medical care, medical teaching, and medical research." Morris F. Collen, 1977

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medical informatics
Medical Informatics
  • "Medical informatics is the application of computer technology to all fields of medicine - medical care, medical teaching, and medical research." Morris F. Collen, 1977
  • "Medical informatics is the scientific field that deals with the storage, retrieval, and optimal use of biomedical information, data, and knowledge for problem solving and decision making." M.S. Blois and Edward H. Shortliffe, 1990
medical informatics1
Medical Informatics
  • Deals with all aspects of understanding and promoting the effective organization, analysis, management, and use of information in health care (American Medical Informatics Association website)
  • Improve and optimize use of health care information to improve decision making
examples of medical informatics tools
Examples of Medical Informatics Tools
  • Desktop and laptop computers
  • Handheld wireless devices (e.g., PDAs)
  • Networks
  • Databases
examples of medical informatics applications
Examples of Medical Informatics Applications
  • Electronic medical records
  • Electronic order entry
  • Automated reminders
  • Computerized expert systems
  • Electronic mail
  • Telemedicine
  • Digital imaging
  • Voice recognition
  • Computerized order entry systems can reduce medication errors
    • Improve drug prescribing
    • Improve drug dosing
    • Drug-drug interactions
    • Drug allergies

Bates et al. JAMA. 1998; Bates et al. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1999; Teich et al. Arch Intern Med. 2000

  • Computerized reminders can improve compliance with recommended guidelines
    • Increase preventive services
    • Increase use of appropriate medications
    • Increase use of other interventions

Hunt et al. JAMA. 1998; Shea et al. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1996

quality of care
Quality of Care
  • Computerized decision support can improve quality
    • Prevention of venous thromboembolism
    • Use of antibiotics

Durieux et al. JAMA. 2000; Teich et al. Arch Intern Med. 2000;

Evans et al. N Engl J Med. 1998

  • Electronic medical records with decision support can reduce costs
    • Reducing medical errors and adverse events
    • Recommending equally effective but less costly alternative interventions
    • Reducing the use of inappropriate tests
    • Reducing the ordering of redundant tests

Teich et al. Arch Intern Med. 2000; Bates et al. JAMA. 1998; Glaser et al. Proc Healthcare Information and Management Systems Society Annual Conf. 1996

outcomes vs process measures
Outcomes vs Process Measures
  • Most studies have evaluated process measures
  • Many studies have demonstrated improvements in process measures using decision support systems
  • Few studies have assessed patient outcomes
patient centered care
Patient Centered Care
  • Information
  • Communication
  • Shared decision making
other technologies
Other Technologies
  • Wireless devices
  • Automated data capture and transmission
  • Smart cards
  • Bar coding
  • Smart automated medication dispensers
  • Interactive patient decision support
  • Computer simulation for education and training
  • Lack of technology infrastructure
  • Lack of standards
  • Cultural barriers
    • Eminence-based medicine
    • Tradition
    • Resistance to change
  • Complexity of medicine
  • Workflow issues
  • Human factor issues