Bismarck’s Aims. Unify the German-speaking states (excluding Austria). The unified state would be dominated by Prussia (ie Prussian king, Prussian- dominated army). The unified state would not be a democracy.
The Landtag was the Prussian Parliament, which was dominated by liberals who feared military expansion in case the army were used against those campaigning for democracy or social reform. They also felt that money spent on army improvements could be better spent. The Landtag were also unhappy at the great powers of the King at a time when parliamentary democracy was increasingly fashionable.
a) increase the size from 230,000 to 450,000 men
b) introduce new weapons
c) increase full time training of all men from two years to three
d) a huge increase in spending to fund changes.
but by iron and blood.”