Bismarck’s Aims. Unify the German-speaking states (excluding Austria). The unified state would be dominated by Prussia (ie Prussian king, Prussian- dominated army). The unified state would not be a democracy.
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The Landtag was the Prussian Parliament, which was dominated by liberals who feared military expansion in case the army were used against those campaigning for democracy or social reform. They also felt that money spent on army improvements could be better spent. The Landtag were also unhappy at the great powers of the King at a time when parliamentary democracy was increasingly fashionable.
a) increase the size from 230,000 to 450,000 men
b) introduce new weapons
c) increase full time training of all men from two years to three
d) a huge increase in spending to fund changes.
The Landtag refused to pass the tax-raising bill put forward to finance the improvements wanted by the King and his generals. This refusal led to a CONSTITUTIONAL CRISIS ie a very serious dispute about the rules by which the country was governed. The main issue was “Who controls Prussia, the King or the Landtag?”
but by iron and blood.”
Bismarck supported the King in the dispute and, by finding and using a loophole in the constitution, was able to obtain the money to fund the army improvements. He saved the King from abdication and in 1862 was appointed Minister-President of Prussia, becoming the King’s main advisor and the leading figure in the unification of Germany. Bismarck supported the King because