Chapter 10. Mexico. Sovereignty, Authority and Power. Sources of public authority have fluctuated 16th cent-independence viceroy Centralized, authoritarian rule Continued...all leaders military generals until 1950s Presidentialism. Legitimacy.
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Sense of National Identity:
Eventually other elites even became sensitive to the greed of the Porfirians and their lack of opportunities, so Diaz’ regime ended with a coup from within the elite, sparking the Revolution of 1910.
Mexico always comes out somewhere in the middle…it is “developing”
How is democracy measured?
-Political accountability (Key usually existence of regular, free and fair elections)
-Political competition: parties must be free to organize, present candidates, express ideas, and allow winning party to take office peacefully
-Political freedom: air to democracy’s fire is political freedom (assembly, organization, political expression, right to criticize govt)
-Political Equality: signs of democracy include equal access to political participation, equal rights as citizens, and equal weighing of citizen’s lives
Usually considered to be to the PRI’s opposition from right
Vicente Fox was from PAN, and Felipe Calderón too. PAN articulated the most organized opposition to PRI.
Elections more competitive in urban areas. Mexico’s elections have become fairer due to demands from within (more urban, educated population) and from international sources as Mexico became part of world trade