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Unit One Topics. What is Criminal Justice? Chapter One Reading. Criminal Justice System Competing Models. The text describes two competing models of the criminal justice system Name them. Two Competing Models of Criminal Justice. Two opposing points of view

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Unit one topics

Unit One Topics

What is Criminal Justice?

Chapter One Reading


Criminal justice system competing models
Criminal Justice System Competing Models

  • The text describes two competing models of the criminal justice system

  • Name them


Two competing models of criminal justice
Two Competing Models of Criminal Justice

  • Two opposing points of view

  • One focuses on individual rights at any cost

    • &

  • One that suggests under certain circumstances involving criminal threats to public safety, the interests of society as a whole take precedence over individual rights


Two competing models of criminal justice1
Two Competing Models of Criminal Justice

  • Individual rights

    • Emphasis on individual, civil & criminal rights

    • Emphasizes some guilty offenders will be found innocent to reduce likelihood of convicting an innocent person

    • Sometimes necessary to sacrifice some degree of public safety in order to guarantee basic personal freedoms

    • Advocates limited police powers with the highest evidentiary standard possible


Public order model
Public Order Model

  • Public Order Model

    • Wants greater police powers while curtailing some criminal defendants rights

    • Believes the most important function of the CJ

      system is repression of crime

    • Believe that procedural issues involving the accused are secondary to the need to protect society

    • Believes the collective rights of society take precedence over the rights of an individual


Anti terrorism legislative act
Anti-Terrorism Legislative Act

  • What Congressional Act was enacted in 2001 as a legislative response to Terrorism?


Anti terrorism legislative act1
Anti-Terrorism Legislative Act

  • The USA Patriot Act of 2001 was enacted to address acts of terrorism


Criminal justice system components
Criminal Justice System Components

  • The criminal justice system is comprised of three sub-components

  • Name them


3 components of criminal justice system
3 Components of Criminal Justice System

  • 1) Law Enforcement

  • 2) Courts

  • 3) Corrections

    • The CJ system is comprised of these 3 subcomponents and in this order


Constitutional rights protection
Constitutional Rights Protection

  • Which of the three components of the criminal justice system is primarily entrusted to protect the constitutional rights of the accused?


Constitutional rights protection1
Constitutional Rights Protection

  • The criminal justice component primarily entrusted to protect the constitutional rights of the accused is = Courts


Modern justice process
Modern Justice Process

  • According to the text, the modern justice process begins with what phase of the justice system process?


Sequence of arrest
Sequence of Arrest

  • Incident occurs

    • Investigation

    • Arrest

    • Booking

    • bail

    • Initial appearance aka FAH

    • Preliminary Hearing

    • Grand Jury

    • Arraignment on felony charge

    • Trial

    • sentencing


Justice system process
Justice System Process

  • Which stage in the criminal justice process involves taking pictures and fingerprints of the suspect?


Justice system process1
Justice System Process

  • The phase of the criminal justice system process that involves taking picture and fingerprints of the suspect is called = Booking


Court appearance
Court Appearance

  • The judicial system requires a suspect to be brought before a judge or magistrate within hours of arrest is called what?


Court appearance1
Court Appearance

  • A suspect being brought before a judge or magistrate within hours of arrest is called:

    • First Appearance Hearing

    • Initial Appearance

  • Depending on what state you reside in


Due process
Due Process

  • What is Due Process and can you name what Amendments it can be found in?


Due process individual rights
Due Process & Individual Rights

  • Due process recognizes the rights of individual

  • defendants facing prosecution

  • A Constitutional guarantee of procedural

  • fairness

  • Primarily found in:

    • 4th Amendment

    • 5th Amendment

    • 6th Amendment

    • 14th Amendment


Questions or comments
Questions or Comments

  • Remember you can always contact me at my Kaplan e-mail address:

  • [email protected]


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