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Ferdinand Magellan World Explorer. Pgs. 142-144. Ferdinand Magellan. Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) was a Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition that sailed around the Earth (1519-1522). Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean. The name means a calm, peaceful ocean. . Early Life.

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ferdinand magellan
Ferdinand Magellan
  • Ferdinand Magellan (1480-1521) was a Portuguese explorer who led the first expedition that sailed around the Earth (1519-1522).
  • Magellan also named the Pacific Ocean. The name means a calm, peaceful ocean.
early life
Early Life
  • Magellan was born in Northern Portugal.
  • His parents were members of the nobility.
  • They were wealthy and powerful.
early life4
Early Life
  • Early in his career, Magellan sailed to India and to the Far East many times around Africa\'s Cape of Good Hope.
  • He sailed for his native Portugal, but a dispute with the Portuguese King Manoel II turned him against the Portuguese.
  • Thereafter, he sailed for Spain.
a new route to asia
A New Route to Asia
  • Magellan proposed to King Charles V of Spain that a westward voyage around the tip of South America would take them to Asia.
  • The voyage began September 8, 1519.
  • Magellan sailed from Seville, Spain, with five ships, the Trinidad, San Antonio, Concepcion, Victoria, and Santiago.
a long journey
A Long Journey
  • For months Magellan sailed up rivers into the middle of South America looking for a quick route to the Pacific.
  • Each time he failed to find a water route.
  • In the fall of 1520, three of Magellan’s ships sailed through what is now called the Strait of Magellan, near the tip of South America.
a difficult journey
A Difficult Journey
  • After crossing the Strait of Magellan, the ships sailed across the Pacific.
  • As the months passed, their food spoiled.
  • They ate biscuits crawling with worms, and drank yellow water.
  • They ate rats, sawdust, and leather.
a difficult journey9
A Difficult Journey
  • Many sailors died of hunger.
  • Others died of scury, a sickness caused by not getting enough vitamin C, which is found in fruits and vegetables.
  • Dead sailors were tossed in the ocean.
  • Sharks followed the ships.
land spotted
Land Spotted
  • In March 1521 the ships reached the Philippine Islands.
  • Magellan and his remaining crew stayed in the Philippines for several weeks.
  • Magellan was killed towards the end of the voyage in the Philippines, during a battle with the natives.
a proven theory
A Proven Theory
  • Three years later in Sept. 1522, only one ship - the Victoria - made it back to Spain, carrying only 18 of the original 270 crew members.
  • What Columbus believed was finally proven true.
  • Europeans could reach Asia by sailing west but first they had to go around the Americas.
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