Joint chiefs of staff
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Joint Chiefs of Staff. Colonel Jack N. Summe Chief, Information Strategy Division Deputy Directorate for Information Operations Joint Staff, J-39 ISD. Information. Political. Economic. Military. National Elements of Power.

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Joint Chiefs of Staff

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Joint chiefs of staff

Joint Chiefs of Staff

Colonel Jack N. Summe

Chief, Information Strategy Division

Deputy Directorate for Information Operations

Joint Staff, J-39 ISD


National elements of power

Information

Political

Economic

Military

National Elements of Power

- Information is an Integral Part of the National Elements of Power...


U s information operations

U.S. Information Operations

“Actions taken to affect adversary information and information systems, while defending one’s own information and information systems…”

  • Requires Close, Continuous Integration of Offensive and Defensive Capabilities and Activities

  • Major Capabilities to Conduct IO Include OPSEC, PSYOP, Deception, EW, and Destruction

  • Concept for IO in Process of Change -- J-39 Lead

  • InfluenceOperations Becomes Key

  • U.S. Joint Pub 3-13 Under Revision


Joint chiefs of staff

New Information Operations Focus

  • Move Away from “Integrating Strategy”

  • Integrate as an Element of Overall Operation

  • Focus on Development of Vulnerabilities

  • Affect Emerging Doctrine, Training, & Education

  • Operationalized Through Integration at JTCB or Associated Peacetime Process

  • “Target the Appropriate Node (Cultural or Infrastructure) with the Appropriate Capability to Achieve the Appropriate Effect”


Joint chiefs of staff

Emerging IO Concept

PAO

  • Initial Focus is on Shaping the Peacetime Environment

  • Influence Ops Integrates PSYOP, Deception, and PAO

  • Cultural and Infrastructure “Nodal” Analysis is Key

  • We Must Learn to Characterize the Target Effectively then Explore Access and the Appropriate Media

  • Question to Ask: “What Effect do you Want?”


Joint chiefs of staff

PAO / IO Interdependence

PAO

IO

Deception

PSYOP


Joint chiefs of staff

USG PSYOP Employment Policy

US PSYOP IS RETAINED UNDER

NATIONAL LEVEL AUTHORITY

  • Operates with USG National Approval

  • Remains Under US Military Command

  • Authority & Precedent Exists to Work Under OPCON or TOA of Allied Force

  • Peacetime Focus is on Information and Education in Support of USG Objectives


Io psyop policy objectives

IO / PSYOP Policy Objectives

  • Complement U.S. / Allied Foreign Policy

  • Deter Conflict At All Levels

  • Support Regional Security Alliances

  • Support Democratic Reform

  • Enhance Perception Of Military Strength

  • Support Missions Of Supported Commands

  • Support Peace Operations, As Directed

  • Counter Hostile Propaganda, As Necessary


Joint chiefs of staff

J-39 DDO(IO) Organization


Joint chiefs of staff

IOCG

IPIWG

Policy Formulation and Execution

NCA

- Promulgates Decisions -

SecDef

President

EXORDs & DEPORDS

NSC

OSD

Coordination

Interagency Players

DOS USIA CIA

OSD Joint Staff

Principals

Committee

CJCS

Joint

Staff

Decisions

NSC Led

NATO

Coordination

Deputies

Committee

Regional

CombatantCommand

IWGs

PSYOP Staff Officer /

PSYOP FLDs

Coord

Coordination

JTF CDR

EXCOM

PSYOP

Task Force


Joint chiefs of staff

U.S. Joint Force Organization


Overt peacetime psyop program op3

Overt Peacetime PSYOP Program (OP3)

  • Based On

    • National Security Strategy

    • National Military Strategy

    • Combatant Command Theater Strategies

    • Country Plans

  • Tailored to Regional and Transnational Issues (Demining, Counterdrug, Counter-Proliferation, Counter Terrorism, Democratization, and Peacekeeping)

  • Builds Expertise and Credibility With Components, OGAs, Allies, Coalition Partners, and NGOs / PVOs

  • Trains PSYOP Skills for Wartime Execution


U s psyop product approval authority

U.S. PSYOP Product Approval Authority

  • OP3

    • Approval Authority Normally Rests with the Appropriate Country Team Official Designated by the Ambassador or Chief of Mission

  • FDOs, MOOTWs, Combat Operations

    • The SecDef Normally Delegates Approval Authority to the Supported Combatant Command and Allows the Combatant Command to Subdelegate That Authority to the JFC

  • Combined or Multinational Operations- If US PSYOP Forces Are OPCON to a Multinational Command Commanded by a Non-US Commander for the Purposes of Developing Multinational Products Only:

    • PSYOP Approval Authority Could Remain With the Combatant Command

    • Be Subdelegated to the Senior US Military Officer or Diplomatic Official

    • Or, with SecDef Approval, Be Subdelegated to the Non-US Commander


Joint chiefs of staff

International Public Information

  • IPI May Be Defined as a National-level Effort to Plan, Coordinate, and Synergize the Separate Informational Activities of Public Diplomacy, Public Affairs, International Military Information (PSYOP), and Other Activities of the USG that Project Information Overseas in Order to Influence Foreign Audiences in Ways Favorable to the Achievement of U.S. Foreign Policy Objectives.

    - PDD NSC-68


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  • Recent / Current IO Activities

  • Balkans

  • Iraq

  • Regional Overt Peacetime PSYOP Programs (OP3)

  • Regional IO Planning Efforts


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  • KFOR IO After Action

  • Col Tedesco, IO Chief

  • IO Cell Responsibilities

    • Plan, Collect Data, Analyze, Coordinate, and Assess

    • Did Not Produce Products

  • IO Cell Makeup:

    • PIO

    • PSYOP

    • CIMIC

    • All KFOR Activities


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