Danube River Basin Study
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Danube River Basin Study. Example of international basin-wide watershed management . Sili Liu. Geographic Scope Issues Ecosystem Water Quality Groundwater Management History Institution Achievements. Geographic Scope. 801,463Km 2. Second Largest. Danube River:.

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Danube River Basin Study

Example of international basin-wide watershed management

Sili Liu

  • Geographic Scope

  • IssuesEcosystem

  • Water Quality

  • Groundwater

  • ManagementHistory

  • Institution

  • Achievements

Geographic Scope


Second Largest

Danube River:

2,857 Km long

1.5 m wide

83 million people

Including Countries

Germany (DE)

Austria (AT)

Czech Republic (CZ),

Slovakia (SK)

Hungary (HU),

Slovenia (SI)

Croatia (HR)

Bosnia-Herzegovina (BA)

Serbia-Montenegro (CS)

Romania (RO)

Bulgaria (BG)

Moldova (MD)

Ukraine (UA)

as well as Switzerland, Italy, Poland, Albania, and Macedonia (with very small shares).

Contribution of basin area of each country (%)


Contribution of water from each country (%) to the Danube



  • Increasing Human Impact

  • Pollution from industrial, agriculture, municipalities

  • Transportation

  • Tourism

  • Fishing

1. Ecosystem

2,000 vascular plants

more than 5,000 animal species

Floodplains and wetlands are facing great pressure


2. Water pollution and water quality

  • Nutrients: N, P

  • Hazardous Substances

  • Eutrophication

  • Organic Pollution

Point Source

None Point Source

Accidental Spills


3. Groundwater

  • Insufficient wastewater collection and treatment on the municipal level;

  • Insufficient wastewater treatment at industrial premises;

  • Water pollution caused by intensive agriculture and livestock breeding;

  • Inappropriate waste disposal sites.


History of management of the basin

  • European Commission (1856)-Free Navigation

  • Environmental Program for the Danube River Basin(Sofia, 1991)-Interim Task Force

  • Strategic Action Plan (SAP)Interim Task Force, 1993 meeting

  • Strategic Action Plan Implementation Program (SIP)(1996)

  • The Danube Pollution Reduction Program (DPRP)(1997)

  • The International Commission for the Protection of the Danube River (ICPDR)

  • (1998)



  • Main implementing body

  • Promoting policies

  • Setting priorities and strategies

  • Data collection and management

Germany, Czech Republic, Austria, Slovakia

Slovenia, Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania

EU-WFD Directive


Funding Partners:

  • The Global Environment Facility

  • The European Union's PHARE and TACIS Programs

  • The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

  • The World Bank

  • Austria

  • Netherlands

  • United States

  • The private Barbara Gauntlett Foundation.



  • Regular meeting

  • Data share

  • Public participation

  • Publication

  • Short term and long term strategies


What can we learn from the management system in the DRB? What advantages do you think can be applied to other international river basin?

Do you think countries that have a larger area should be more responsible for the sustainable development of the DRB?

In what way do you think the public can take part in the protection program of the DRB?