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Adolescence. What is Adolescence?. What time frame? What constitutes the end of adolescence? What are the most significant aspects or events in adolescence?. When Does Adolescence begin and end?. Stages of Adolescence. Early Adolescence (10-13 years) Middle Adolescence (14-17 years)

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what is adolescence
What is Adolescence?
  • What time frame?
  • What constitutes the end of adolescence?
  • What are the most significant aspects or events in adolescence?
stages of adolescence
Stages of Adolescence
  • Early Adolescence (10-13 years)
  • Middle Adolescence (14-17 years)
  • Late Adolescence (18-21 years)
some of the transitions we will be studying
Some of the transitions we will be studying
  • Biological – how changes influence psychological development
  • Cognitive-how thought processes change and become more mature
  • Social-how adolescents change in their friendships and relationships at home
theoretical perspectives on how adolescents evolve
Theoretical perspectives on how adolescents ‘evolve’
  • Biosocial theories
    • Hall’s theory of recapitulation
  • Organismic theories
    • Freudian Theory
    • Eriksonian Theory
    • Piagetian Theory
  • Learning theories
    • Behaviorism
    • Social Learning theories
  • Sociological theories
    • Adolescent marginality
    • Intergenerational conflict
  • Historical and Anthropological Theories
    • Adolescence as an Invention
    • Anthropological perspectives
biosocial theories
Biosocial Theories
  • Hall’s Theory of Recapitulation
    • Adolescence is when a person becomes civilized
    • Says adolescence is a period of ‘storm and stress’
    • Said hormonal changes were not productive for teen or those around them – upheaval
organismic theories combination of biological and contextual theories
Organismic theories (combination of biological and contextual theories)
  • 1. Freudian theory
    • Child comes out of the latency period into the genital period
    • Oedipal complex revived but different
    • Saw adolescence as a period of upheaval
organismic theories
Organismic theories
  • 2. Eriksonian theories
    • Identity vs. role confusion
    • Changes in adolescence due to puberty and society’s demands on an adolescence
organismic theories1
Organismic theories
  • 3. Piagetian theory
    • Formal operational thought
      • Abstract, hypothetical thinking
      • Biological changes (esp in brain) affect cognitive abilities
learning theories
Learning theories
  • 1. Behaviorism
    • John Watson
    • Operant conditioning
      • Reinforcements
      • Punishments
learning theories1
Learning theories
  • 2. Social Learning Theory
    • Albert Bandura
    • Interested in the ways in that adolescents learn to behave
      • Through modeling
      • Observational learning
sociological theories
Sociological Theories
  • 1. Adolescent marginality
    • Treated like ‘second-class’ citizens
    • Aren’t given meaningful job opportunities
    • Need to spend more time with adults in order to better transition to adulthood
socological theories
Socological Theories
  • 2. Intergenerational conflict
    • Tension between adults and adolescents results from different attitudes and beliefs
    • Some see adolescents as being hostile to the ‘culture’ of adults
historical and anthropological theories
Historical and Anthropological Theories
  • 1. Adolescence as an invention
    • Compulsory education created the concept of adolescence
    • Prior to this, teen girls got married/had childrenand boys went to work
historical and anthropological theories1
Historical and Anthropological Theories
  • 2. Anthropological perspectives
    • Says in ‘continuous’ societies, the transition from adolescence to adulthood is smooth
    • In ‘discontinuous’ societies, the transition to adulthood is abrupt – harder to deal with
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