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Adolescence. Child Psychology PSYC 333 Dennis Karpowitz. Changes During Adolescence. “Oh no, I’m becoming a woman (or man).” or “Finally!” Biological Changes Growth spurt Hormones less regulated at first Females - Beginning of menstrual cycle – 28 days

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Adolescence

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Adolescence l.jpg

Adolescence

  • Child Psychology

  • PSYC 333

  • Dennis Karpowitz


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Changes During Adolescence

  • “Oh no, I’m becoming a woman (or man).” or “Finally!”

  • Biological Changes

    • Growth spurt

    • Hormones less regulated at first

    • Females - Beginning of menstrual cycle – 28 days

    • Males – Hormonal cycles, very irregular


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Changes 2

  • “The world, government, my parents have flaws.”

  • Cognitive development – Formal Operations

    • Abstract cognitive operations

    • Idealism

    • Limited memory dysfunction in early adolescence


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Changes 3

  • “How on earth do I talk with girls (boys)?”

  • Social Development

    • Social Competence

    • Hanging out – “Is this a date?”

    • Social identity


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Changes 4

  • “I can do it myself. I’m old enough.”

  • Autonomy

    • Demonstrate responsible behavior

    • Continuous process

  • Is total autonomy appropriate for adolescence?

    • Goals?


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Changes 5

  • “What am I going to become?”

  • Vocational competence

    • Is there a vocation for me?

    • Can I qualify?

    • What do I need to do now?

  • Is post high school education/training essential?


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Changes 6

  • “Who am I going to become?”

  • Personal Identity “What kind of a person do I want to be?”

  • Value Identity “What do I value?” What is good/bad?”

  • Identity vs.

    • Identity diffusion

    • Negative identity


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Stages of Identity Development

  • From the work of James Marcia

  • Identity diffused No commitment or attempt, not ready

  • Identity foreclosed Adoption of other’s values – no struggle

  • Identity moratorium Crisis, current struggle to develop identity

  • Identity Achieved Commitment to a personal sense of identity.


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Myths of Adolescence

  • The conflict of generations

  • Sexual promiscuity

  • Carefree hedonism

  • “Storm and stress” greater in adolescence.


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Parenting Adolescents

  • Authoritative parenting style best

  • Freedom and responsibility

  • Steadily “let go”

  • Support adolescence in their worthy activities

  • Listen, listen, listen, talk, listen, listen.


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For Adolescents

  • Find areas of strength and interest and pursue them

  • Choose friendships carefully

  • Don’t run ahead of the “game”

    • Engage in age-appropriate activities

  • Stay busy in worthwhile activities

  • Be kind to yourself

    • There’s a lot to learn about self and others..


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