Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
2. The Context….the Challenges
4. “…..the net result has been the creation of a global, web-enabled playing field that allows for multiple forms of collaboration and the sharing of knowledge and work. This playing field is open today to more people in more places on more days in more ways than anything like ever before in the history of the world……Billions of people have access to billions of pages of raw information which will ensure that the next generation of innovations will come from all over Plant Flat. The scale of the global community that is soon going to be able to participate in all sorts of discovery and innovation is something the world has simply never seen before.”
5. “…..the flatter one’s country is -- that is, the fewer natural resources it has -- the better off it will be in a flat world…..countries with no natural resources tend to dig inside themselves. They try to tap the energy, entrepreneurship, creativity, and intelligence of their own people -- rather than dig an oil well. For example, Taiwan is a barren rock in a typhoon-laden sea, with virtually no natural resources -- nothing but the energy, ambition, and talent of its own people. Today it has the 3rd largest financial resources in world.” Thomas L. Friedman The World is Flat
6. Profile of the struggling adolescent learner Less fluent readers with much smaller sight vocabularies
Understanding of word and multiple word meanings is limited
Limited background and conceptual knowledge
Less skillful in using strategies that enhance understanding and remembering of oral & written language
70% of 9th graders reading below grade level on NAEP
53% of college freshmen need remedial support in reading and writing
7. The Performance Gap This graphic illustrates the dynamic that operates behind the “performance gap” that struggling adolescent readers confront. Our research has shown that the acquisition of basic reading skills tends to plateau around the 5-6th grade level. However, the demands of the curriculum continue to grow. When this slide is in the “show’ mode, you can see how it is built.This graphic illustrates the dynamic that operates behind the “performance gap” that struggling adolescent readers confront. Our research has shown that the acquisition of basic reading skills tends to plateau around the 5-6th grade level. However, the demands of the curriculum continue to grow. When this slide is in the “show’ mode, you can see how it is built.
8. Consequences of the Gap (the big picture) Disconnected from fabric of school
Sense of hopelessness…..stop dreaming
Gangs, delinquency, crime
3000+ students/day drop out of school….that’s nearly 540,000/year!
Only about 70% of adolescents complete high school….only about 50% of students of color do
9. Secondary Schools -- Oh what interesting organizations! The 100 minute decision
Lack of coherence……fragmentation squared!
Limited formal mechanisms for teaching reading to those who struggle
“If it weren’t for students impeding our progress in the race to the end of the term, we certainly could be sure of covering all the content. However, the question should not be whether we are covering the content, but whether students are with us on the journey.” Pat Cross
11. About the KU-CRL Founded in 1978 - (Institute for Research on Learning Disabilities)
Mission: Dramatically improve the performance of at-risk adolescents and young adults in grades 4-12+ through research-based interventions
Developed the Strategic Instruction Model (SIM)
Teacher/Student research; Unit of Analysis = Classroom
Secondary school reform initiative (Content Literacy Continuum)
International Professional Development Network
13. The Performance Gap
15. Driving question…… How can we effectively integrate SIM within secondary schools?
16. Overtime we learned the importance of…… Establishing a school-wide strategy for improving literacy outcomes
19. The CLC says… There are unique (but very important) roles for each member of a secondary staff relative to literacy instruction
Some students require more intensive, systematic, explicit instruction of content, strategies, and skills
22. Ebb and Flow
28. Content Enhancement A way of teaching academically diverse classes in which……
Integrity of the content is maintained
Both group and individual needs are valued and met
Critical features of the content are selected and transformed to promote growth for all students, and
Instruction is carried out in a partnership with students
29. or….the goal of content enhancement is Barrier-free
30. The ChallengeThe Challenge
31. p. 6p. 6
32. P .9P .9
42. Cognitive apprenticeship on “how to learn” subject matter content Irma
Our history at the CRL has been to focus on strategies first and generalization/context second. For this study, we have moved much closer to Content and Context. Some of us look at this work as Second Generation SIM Stratgeies.Irma
Our history at the CRL has been to focus on strategies first and generalization/context second. For this study, we have moved much closer to Content and Context. Some of us look at this work as Second Generation SIM Stratgeies.
43. Instructional Methodology “I do it!” (Learn by watching)
“We do it!” (Learn by sharing)
“Ya’all do it!” (Learn by practicing with partners)
“You do it! (Learn by practicing by yourself)
45. The SIM Adolescent Reading Program
46. Word Recognition Instruction
51. Strategic Reading Class at Muskegon High School
53. Multiple Strategy Integration IrmaIrma
59. Culture of Positive Engagement & Growth Literacy improvement for all……by all!
Use a “partnership” framework for interacting
Connect reading to quality of life and dreams
Communicate high expectations (for growth as a learner and as a person)
Set clear standards -- hold students accountable for outcome goals
Engage students so “every minute counts”
Provide ample opportunities for scaffolded practice
Teach incremental growth of mind
Evidence high efficacy teacher behaviors!
60. The Performance Gap
61. The Performance Gap