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McCarthy’s anti-Comm. hysteria. Indirectly via 3rd parties to avoid US/Sov. war. US helps Japan’s econ. revival to stop communism from spreading. West moves to create indep. W. Ger.  Stalin blockades W. Berlin. US & Brit. airlift supplies into W. Berlin (1948-9).

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slide1

McCarthy’s anti-Comm. hysteria

Indirectly via 3rd parties to avoid US/Sov. war

US helps Japan’s econ. revival to stop communism from spreading

West moves to create indep. W. Ger. Stalin blockades W. Berlin

US & Brit. airlift supplies into W. Berlin (1948-9)

Stalin lifts blockade to avoid war  2 opposing alliances:

Warsaw Pact in 1955 to guard SU vs. attacks from West

N. Atlantic Treaty Org. (NATO) to guard W. Eur. vs.SU (1949)

Europe a potential battlefield as NATO & Warsaw Pact forces stay mobilized

Soviet backed N. Koreans invade S. Korea Korean War (1950-3)

Threat of WWIII  Both sides realize need for compromise

UN forces led by US fight N. Kor. & Chinese forces

DirectlyMust resolve in peacefully to avoid war

BOP in E. Asia b/w US-backed Taiwan, Japan & S Kor. vs Com. China & N Kor.

Cold War  Series of crises resolved either:

US & SU increasingly paranoid of each other:

McCarthy finally discredited, but Anti-Comm. paranoia persists for decades

Stalin dies (1953)  More moderate rule but can’t immediately dismantle his legacy

EUROPE

ASIA

SU dev’s A-Bomb (1949)  threat of Nuc. War

Stalinist terror & gulags revived

US keeps forces in S. Korea to guard vs. N. Korea & Communist China

FC.140 THE EARLY YEARS OF THE COLD WAR (1948-53)

Communists take over China in 1949 (FC.147)

(FC.139)

(FC.139)

Uncertainty on both sides about how to deal with one another after Stalin’s death in 1953 (FC.141)

slide2

Encourages anti-Commun. reform movement in Hungary

Sov. army crushes uprising

Peace talks in Korea resume two wks later

Uncertainty about direction of US-Sov. relations

Polish workers feel encouraged to agitate for liberal reforms (1956)

Khruschev, now in charge, wants more moderate rule 

NATO admits W. Germany (1954) & lets it rearm (1955)

Denounces Stalin’s harsh rule (1956) to signal more relaxed rule

Withdraws troops fr. Austria (1955) to promote better relations w/US

Worker riots in E. Ger. nearly over-throw Com’s

Khruschev moves forces toward Warsaw, but then grants Poland more freedom as long as it stays loyal to Warsaw Pact

Soviet tanks & troops driven from Budapest More radical anti-Soviet govt. encouraged by US propaganda

Sov. forces crush Hung. rev. w/o US intervention (10/1956)

Eisenhower admin. split on how to treat new Sov. govt.

Beria, Stalin’s old right hand man, is executed

Restores normal relations w/Yugoslavia

Sign truce in July, 1953

FC.141 THE AFTERMATH OF STALIN’S DEATH (1953-56)

Stalin’s death in March, 1953  Moderate coalition takes over in Kremlin (FC.140)

Korean War (1950-3) Strain on US milit. resources (FC.140)

USSR forms Warsaw Pact as a counter-measure (FC 140)

Suez Crisis diverts US attention from Hungary (FC.146A)

Suez Crisis diverts US attention from Hungary (FC.146A)

US-Soviet relations deteriorate in late 1950s (FC.143)

slide5

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

slide6

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift?

slide7

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

slide8

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift?

slide9

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

slide10

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries?

slide11

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

slide12

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

slide13

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

Imported 20m. Cigarettes

slide14

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

Imported 20m. Cigarettes

6) Tentative name of the combined US and British sectors?

slide15

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

Imported 20m. Cigarettes

6) Tentative name of the combined US and British sectors? Bizonia

slide16

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

Imported 20m. Cigarettes

6) Tentative name of the combined US and British sectors? Bizonia

7) What besides a furry animal were Yaks?

slide17

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

Imported 20m. Cigarettes

6) Tentative name of the combined US and British sectors? Bizonia

7) What besides a furry animal were Yaks? Soviet fighter planes

slide18

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

Imported 20m. Cigarettes

6) Tentative name of the combined US and British sectors? Bizonia

7) What besides a furry animal were Yaks? Soviet fighter planes

8) Complete the following jingle & who created it

On curves ahead

Remember, sonny

That rabbit\'s foot

slide19

1) Two Cold War strategies followed by US & SU? Brinksmanship; fighting by proxy

2) British & American codenames for the airlift? Operation Planefare & Operation Vittles

3) How did dentists get electricity during the airlift? Bicycle generators

4) What are Belgium, Holland, & Luxembourg collectively called besides the Low Countries? Benelux

5) How did US stabilize W. Ger’s economy before introducing the new mark.

Imported 20m. Cigarettes

6) Tentative name of the combined US and British sectors? Bizonia

7) What besides a furry animal were Yaks? Soviet fighter planes

8) Complete the following jingle & who created it

On curves ahead

Remember, sonny

That rabbit\'s foot

Didn\'t save the bunny

Burma-Shave

slide21

What article in Colliers Magazine was this picture advertising in October, 1951?

A fictionalized account of a nuclear war with Russia.

What was the result?

We won.

slide22

Identify this plane & its significance?

Russian MIG jet that evened the playing field in Korea

What was MIG Alley

Area over N. Korea & close to China where US & Russian jets clashed

What secret did US keep about it & why?

Russian pilots were flying the MIGs; To avoid direct war with USSR

slide23

In what year did Dewey beat Truman?

He didn’t; but Truman beat Dewey in 1948

slide24

Who was the inspiration for this drink?

The Soviet foreign minister Molotov?

slide25

Who are these men & what happened at this meeting?

Harry Truman and Douglas Mac Arthur; Mac Arthur snubbed Truman by turning down a lunch invitation because he was too busy

What did Truman say about this meeting & why?

It was the best meeting he ever had; he had to save face for the 1950 mid-term elections

What did Mac Arthur assure Truman of & what happened?

He said China wouldn’t enter the Korean War. It did.

What finally happened between these men?

Truman sacked Mac Arthur since he wanted to use nuclear weapons

Famous saying in Mac Arthur’s farewell speech?

“Old soldiers never die. They just fade away.”

slide26

What is this a picture of?

Soviet tanks (with insurgents’ markings) captured by Hungarian rebels

What year did the Hungarian revolt take place?

1956

slide28

.

Who is this man & why is he throwing away his clothes?

slide32

“A Commie. She was a jerky Red. She owned all the trimmings and she was still a Red. What the hell was she hoping for, a government order to share it all with the masses? Yeah. a joint like this would suddenly assume a new owner under a new regime. A fat little general, a ranking secret policeman, somebody. Sure it’s great to be a Commie…as long as you’re top dog. Who the hell was supposed to be fooled by all the crap?…Read the papers today. See what it says about the Red Menace. See how they play up their sneaking, conniving ways. They’re supposed to be clever, bright as hell. They were dumb as horse manure as far as I was concerned. They were a pack of thugs thinking they could outsmart a world. Great.”

Author & significance?

slide35

Plot of this movie?

John Wayne’s nickname for Janet Leigh in this movie?

slide38

Who is this a picture of?

Where did they find this microfilm?

slide39

Who is this a picture of?

Where did they find this microfilm?

Whom did it get convicted?

slide41

Identify the man on the right

Syngman Rhee, president of S. Korea

slide42

What is this a picture of?

Bombing a North Korean convoy with napalm

What problem did jet pilots have in this kind of operation?

Jets were so fast that it was hard to pinpoint a bombing target

slide43

What strategy does this illustrated?

Strategic bombing of N. Korea’s infrastructure

How successful was it & why?

Not very because it cost us a lot of planes

slide44

Name of this movie & the basic plotline?

Dr. Strangelove; a crazy general launches a preemptive nuclear attack on Russia

Who was the mad general modeled after?

Head of SAC, Curtis LeMay

What specific reason did he have for attacking Russia?

The Russians were sapping us of our precious bodily fluids

Star of the Movie?

Peter Sellers

How many roles did he play?

Three

slide45

What’s going on here?

Negotiations to end the Korean War

Year of the armistice?

1953

Name of the place?

Panmunjon

What event especially led to the armistice & how?

Stalin’s death freed N. Korea to agree to peace

slide47

What were these people protesting?

Why did Julius Rosenberg pass nuclear secrets to the Russians?

slide48

What were these people protesting?

Why did Julius Rosenberg pass nuclear secrets to the Russians?

What technical point made the charge of treason questionable?

slide51

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

slide52

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area.

slide53

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

slide54

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War?

slide55

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

slide56

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson?

slide57

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

slide58

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War?

slide59

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

slide60

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin?

slide61

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

slide62

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

slide63

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

slide64

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon?

slide65

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon? The site of Mac Arthur’s landing behind N. Korean lines that forced them to retreat back north.

slide66

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon? The site of Mac Arthur’s landing behind N. Korean lines that forced them to retreat back north.

9) What was the first indication American troops had that the Chinese had entered the war?

slide67

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon? The site of Mac Arthur’s landing behind N. Korean lines that forced them to retreat back north.

9) What was the first indication American troops had that the Chinese had entered the war? When they interrogated prisoners in Korean and they couldn’t respond.

slide68

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon? The site of Mac Arthur’s landing behind N. Korean lines that forced them to retreat back north.

9) What was the first indication American troops had that the Chinese had entered the war? When they interrogated prisoners in Korean and they couldn’t respond.

10) What was “Bugout fever?”

slide69

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon? The site of Mac Arthur’s landing behind N. Korean lines that forced them to retreat back north.

9) What was the first indication American troops had that the Chinese had entered the war? When they interrogated prisoners in Korean and they couldn’t respond.

10) What was “Bugout fever?” The constant retreating Americans had to do when China first entered the war.

slide70

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon? The site of Mac Arthur’s landing behind N. Korean lines that forced them to retreat back north.

9) What was the first indication American troops had that the Chinese had entered the war? When they interrogated prisoners in Korean and they couldn’t respond.

10) What was “Bugout fever?” The constant retreating Americans had to do when China first entered the war.

11) What was the Chosin Reservoir?

slide71

1) When did West Berliners get electricity during the Airlift? 4 hours/day, rotating round the clock

2) Who was Lavrenti Beria and what made him unique in the post-Stalin area. Head of Soviet secret police. He was the only one executed in the power struggle after Stalin died.

3) Who led N. Korea during the Korean War? Kim Il Sung

4) Who was Gail Halverson? “The Candy Bomber”

5) What amazing modeling kit could American kids buy during the Cold War? A scale model of the top secret MIG-25 Foxbat fighter

6) How did the Americans get a steam roller into Berlin? They cut it in half with acetylene torches to fit the two parts onto a plane & reassembled it in Berlin.

7) What did the Americans bring into Berlin to prove they could supply Berlin indefinitely?

Clarence the Camel

8) Who or what was Inchon? The site of Mac Arthur’s landing behind N. Korean lines that forced them to retreat back north.

9) What was the first indication American troops had that the Chinese had entered the war? When they interrogated prisoners in Korean and they couldn’t respond.

10) What was “Bugout fever?” The constant retreating Americans had to do when China first entered the war.

11) What was the Chosin Reservoir? An area the marines fought their way out of, destroying several Chinese divisions in the process.

slide85

What is the point of this picture?

Soviet propaganda to convince people the arilift was a failure by showing a West Berlin girl having to shop at an East Berlin grocery.

What percent of West Berliners got food from E. Berlin?

10%

slide86

Who are these people?

People evacuated from West Berlin to reduce food needs, await takeoff.

How many were evacuated ?

50,000

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