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Guided Reading Chapter 15. 15-1. GUIDED READING ACTIVITY 15-1 I. Europeans Flood Into the United States A. eastern and southern B. military service C. religious persecution D. steerage; Ellis Island E. learned English; American culture II. Asian Immigration to America

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Guided reading chapter 15

Guided Reading Chapter 15


15-1

  • GUIDED READING ACTIVITY 15-1

  • I. Europeans Flood Into the United States

  • A. eastern and southern

  • B. military service

  • C. religious persecution

  • D. steerage; Ellis Island

  • E. learned English; American culture

  • II. Asian Immigration to America

  • A. discovery of gold in California

  • B. insurrection against the Chinese government;

  • 20 million lives

  • C. Angel Island

  • III. The Resurgence of Nativism

  • A. Irish immigrants; Asians; Jews; eastern

  • Europeans

  • B. Catholics

  • C. labor unions; strikebreakers


15-2

  • 1. In 1840 the number of cities was 131; in 1900, it was over 1,700.

  • 2. the money to buy farms and the education to obtain higher-paying jobs

  • 3. more and better-paying jobs; bright lights; running water; modern plumbing; museums; libraries; theaters


15 2 continued
15-2 (continued)

  • 4. the rising price of land

  • 5. Louis Sullivan

  • 6. the cable car, which was pulled along tracks by underground cables

  • 7. It was a $3 million French château equipped with a two-story dining room, a gymnasium, and a solid marble bathroom.

  • 8. doctors, lawyers, engineers, managers, social workers, architects, and teachers


15 2 continued1
15-2 (continued)

  • 9. Three out of four residents squeezed into tenements, dark and crowded multifamily apartments.

  • 10. crime and violence, fire, disease, and pollution

  • 11. Native-born Americans; the crime rate for immigrants was not significantly higher than that for other Americans

  • 12. saloons or alcohol

  • 13. an informal political group designed to gain and keep power


15 2 continued2
15-2 (continued)

  • 14. when party bosses accepted bribes from contractors who were supposed to compete fairly to win contracts to build streets, sewers, and buildings

  • 15. the corrupt boss of Tammany Hall, the New York Democratic political machine during the 1860s and 1870s

  • 16. They provided necessary services and helped to assimilate the masses of new city dwellers.


15-3

  • 1. Something is gilded if it is covered in gold on the outside, but is made of cheaper material inside. A gilded age might appear to glitter, but beneath the surface might lie corruption, swindles, poverty, crime, and great disparities in wealth between the rich and the poor.


  • 2. the way Americans looked at themselves and their society; they gave rise to new values, new art, and new forms of entertainment

  • 3. in individualism—that no matter how humble their origins, they could rise in society, and go as far as their talents and commitment would take them

  • 4. Horatio Alger


  • 5. The books inspired them to think that no matter how many obstacles they faced, perhaps they could win success, too.

  • 6. Those species that cannot adapt to the environment in which they live gradually die out, while those that adapt best thrive.

  • 7. Both essentially opposed any government programs that interfered with business.

  • 8. They believed it contradicted the Bible’s account of creation.


  • 9. Andrew Carnegie’s philosophy that wealthy Americans bear the responsibility of engaging in philanthropy—using their great fortunes to further social progress

  • 10. a new movement in art and literature that attempted to portray people realistically instead of idealizing them as romantic artists had done

  • 11. They functioned like community centers and also served as political centers.

  • 12. amusement parks such as New York’s Coney Island; baseball and “rounders” games


  • 13. It began in private colleges and universities that the middle and working classes could not afford.

  • 14. leisure activities that involved physical exercise

  • 15. animal acts, acrobats, gymnasts, and dancers


Guided reading activity 15 4
GUIDED READING ACTIVITY 15-4

  • 1. standard of living

  • 2. land

  • 3. cooperate

  • 4. circumstances they could not control

  • 5. Social Gospel; biblical

  • 6. YMCA (Young Men’s Christian Association)

  • 7. reforming their character

  • 8. Americanized

  • 9. Booker T. Washington; Tuskegee Institute

  • 10. Morrill Land Grant Act; agricultural; mechanical


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