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Living and Working Conditions. The Industrial Revolution. New Classes. New Middle Class Those who hold and invest capital Industrial entrepreneurs, merchants, professionals etc. Working Class Those who work in order to obtain capital Wage labourers

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living and working conditions

Living and Working Conditions

The Industrial Revolution

new classes
New Classes
  • New Middle Class
    • Those who hold and invest capital
    • Industrial entrepreneurs, merchants, professionals etc.
  • Working Class
    • Those who work in order to obtain capital
    • Wage labourers
    • Dependant on the daily wage in order to survive
growth of cities
Growth of Cities
  • Great numbers of people moving into the city
  • Need to find work and housing
  • Workers need/want to live close to work
    • Homes and factories

being built in close

proximity to each other

    • All workers of a specific

trade lived together

      • Ex. Mining towns
living conditions of the working class
Living Conditions of the Working Class
  • Working class separated from the middle class
  • Barren
    • Could not afford

luxuries or sometimes

even necessities

  • Overcrowded
    • Numerous families

living in one bedroom

      • 8-10 people
living conditions of the working class1
Living Conditions of the Working Class
  • Morals
    • Appropriate for married couples and siblings to share a room
    • Inappropriate for both sexes to share a room if they have no relationship to each other
      • Overcrowded housing caused this
  • Who’s fault is it that the working class is so ‘immoral’?
working conditions
Working Conditions
  • Family wage economy
    • Entire families working
      • Couples work with their children
      • Older children can contribute to family wage or go off on his/her own
    • All family members have economic freedom
      • Changes family dynamics
improved or damaged
Improved or Damaged?
  • Did industrialization improve or damage the lives of ordinary people?
improved or damaged1
Improved or Damaged?
  • No
    • About 50% of all children of working families die before the age of 5
    • Long work hours (17 hours)
    • Rapid pace of work
    • Living and working conditions
      • Dangerous, crowded and unsanitary
improved or damaged2
Improved or Damaged?
  • Yes
    • Higher life expectancy
    • Economic freedom for women
    • Growing independence for young people
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