The election of 1932
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The Election of 1932. Mr. Dodson. The Election of 1932. How did President Hoover respond to the Great Depression? What did Roosevelt mean when he offered Americans a “New Deal”? Why was the election of 1932 a significant turning point for American politics?. Hoover’s Limited Strategy.

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The Election of 1932

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The election of 1932

The Election of 1932

Mr. Dodson


The election of 19321

The Election of 1932

  • How did President Hoover respond to the Great Depression?

  • What did Roosevelt mean when he offered Americans a “New Deal”?

  • Why was the election of 1932 a significant turning point for American politics?


Hoover s limited strategy

Hoover’s Limited Strategy

  • Hoover convinced business leaders to help maintain public confidence in the economy.

  • He believed that the best way to end the Depression was through voluntary action by businesses – Keeping wages high, etc.) – However, it didn’t work or last.

  • To protect domestic industries, Congress passed the Hawley-Smoot tariff, the highest import tax in history. European countries also raised their tariffs, and international trade suffered a slowdown.

  • Hoover set up the Reconstruction Finance Corporation (RFC), which gave government credit to banks, industries, railroads, and insurance companies.


Hoover s limited strategy1

Hoover’s Limited Strategy

  • The theory of the RFC was that prosperity at the top would help the economy as a whole. Instead, many Americans saw it as helping bankers and big businessmen, while ordinary people went hungry.

  • Hoover did not support federal public assistance because he believed it would destroy people’s self-respect and create a large bureaucracy.

  • Finally, public opinion soured for Hoover when he called the United States Army to disband a protest of 20,000 unemployed World War I veterans called the Bonus Army. They wanted immediate payment of a pension bonus due in 1945.


New economic thought

New Economic Thought

  • As the Depression got worse, some economists backed the ideas of British economist John Maynard Keynes. (kayns)

  • Keynes said that massive government spending could help a collapsing economy and encourage more private spending and production of goods and services.

  • At that time his theory was not widely accepted.

  • It would provide the idea behind Roosevelt’s plan to get the U.S. out of the depression.


A new deal for america

A “New Deal” for America

  • FDR promised a New Deal for the American people.

  • His spirit of optimism which made him very popular.

  • He was ready to experiment with government roles in an effort to end the Depression.

  • As governor of New York, Roosevelt had experience with relief programs – he set up an unemployment commission and a relief agency.

  • FDR’s wife, Eleanor, was an experienced social reformer. She worked for public housing legislation, state government reform, birth control, and better conditions for working women.

  • When the Roosevelts campaigned for the presidency, they brought their ideas for political action with them.


The election of 19322

The Election of 1932

Herbert Hoover

  • Believed that federal government should not try to fix people’s problems.

  • Argued that federal aid and government policies to help the poor would alter the foundation of our national life.

  • He argued for voluntary aid to help the poor and argued against giving the national government more power.

  • Hoover gave very few campaign speeches and was jeered by crowds.


The election of 19323

The Election of 1932

Franklin Roosevelt

  • Believed that government had a responsibility to help people in need.

  • Called for a reappraisal of values and more controls on big business.

  • Helped many Americans reassess the importance of “making it on their own” without any help.

  • Much of his support came from urban workers, coal miners, and immigrants in need of federal relief.


Importance of the 1932 election

Importance of the 1932 Election

  • Roosevelt won 57 percent of the popular vote and almost 89 percent of the electoral vote.

  • The election of 1932 is a turning point in the role of government in American society.

  • Americans were now willing to accept an expanded role for government.


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