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Herpetology - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Herpetology. Spring 2004. Pennsylvania's Herpetofauna (Translation: Our state’s reptiles & amphibians). Frogs & Toads 16 species Salamanders 22 “ Turtles 13 “ Lizards 5 “ Snakes 21 “. Salamanders. Salamander Life Cycle. Spermataphores. Salamander Eggs. Salamander Larvae.

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Spring 2004

Pennsylvania s herpetofauna translation our state s reptiles amphibians l.jpg
Pennsylvania's Herpetofauna(Translation: Our state’s reptiles & amphibians)

  • Frogs & Toads 16 species

  • Salamanders 22 “

  • Turtles 13 “

  • Lizards 5 “

  • Snakes 21 “

Salamandridae red spotted newt notopthalmus viridescens l.jpg
SalamandridaeRed-spotted NewtNotopthalmus viridescens

Adult Newt

Red Eft

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AMBYSTOMATIDAEJefferson SalamanderAmbystoma jeffersonianum

Ambystomatidae spotted salamander ambystoma maculatum l.jpg
AMBYSTOMATIDAESpotted SalamanderAmbystoma maculatum

Ambystomatidae marbled salamander ambystoma opacum l.jpg
AmbystomatidaeMarbled SalamanderAmbystoma opacum

Ambystomatidae eastern tiger salamander ambystoma tigrinum l.jpg
AmbystomatidaeEastern Tiger SalamanderAmbystoma tigrinum

Plethodontidae northern dusky salamander desmognathus fuscus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeNorthern Dusky SalamanderDesmognathus fuscus

Plethodontidae mountain dusky salamander desmognathus ochrophaeus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeMountain Dusky SalamanderDesmognathus ochrophaeus

Plethodontidae red backed salamander plethodon cinereus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeRed-backed SalamanderPlethodon cinereus

Plethodontidae slimy salamander plethodon glutinosus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeSlimy SalamanderPlethodon glutinosus

Plethodontidae four toed salamander hemidactylum scutatum l.jpg
PlethodontidaeFour-toed SalamanderHemidactylum scutatum

Plethodontidae two lined salamander eurycea bislineata l.jpg
PLETHODONTIDAETwo-lined SalamanderEurycea bislineata

Plethodontidae spring salamander gyrinophilus porphyriticus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeSpring SalamanderGyrinophilus porphyriticus

Plethodontidae northern red salamander pseudotriton ruber ruber l.jpg
PlethodontidaeNorthern Red SalamanderPseudotriton ruber ruber

Pelobatidae spadefoots eastern spadefoot toad scaphiopus hobrooki l.jpg
Pelobatidae: SpadefootsEastern Spadefoot ToadScaphiopus hobrooki

Bufonidae toads l.jpg
Bufonidae: Toads

Warts: one or two in each large spot.

Three+ in each large spot.

American toad bufo americanus l.jpg
American ToadBufo americanus

Fowler s toad bufo foweleri l.jpg
Fowler’s ToadBufo foweleri

Gray cope s tree frog hyla versicolor and hyla chrysocelis l.jpg
Gray & Cope’s Tree FrogHyla versicolor and Hyla chrysocelis

Spring peeper pseudacris crucifer l.jpg
Spring PeeperPseudacris crucifer

Hear Me!

Bullfrog rana catesbeiana l.jpg
BullfrogRana catesbeiana

Green frog rana clamitans l.jpg
Green FrogRana clamitans

Pickerel frog rana palustris l.jpg
Pickerel FrogRana palustris

Leopard frog rana pipiens l.jpg
Leopard FrogRana pipiens

Wood frog rana sylvatica l.jpg
Wood FrogRana sylvatica

Eastern cottonmouth agkistrodon piscivorous not found in pennsylvania l.jpg
Eastern CottonmouthAgkistrodon piscivorousNot found in Pennsylvania

Northern water snake nerodia sipedon l.jpg
Northern Water SnakeNerodia sipedon

Queen snake regina septemvittata l.jpg
Queen SnakeRegina septemvittata

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  • Turtles

  • All lay eggs on land

  • No parental care

  • In PA

    • 10 genera

    • 13 species & subspecies

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Snapping turtle chelydra serpentina l.jpg
Snapping TurtleChelydra serpentina

Snapping turtle chelydra serpentina56 l.jpg
Snapping TurtleChelydra serpentina

  • long tail

  • serrate carapace (may be worn)

  • reduced, cross-shaped plastron

Stinkpot or musk turtle sternotherus oderatus l.jpg
Stinkpot or Musk TurtleSternotherus oderatus

  • domed carapace

  • 3-4 inches in length

  • emit foul musk from upper shell border

  • slow, shallow streams & rivers

E mud turtle kinosternon subrubrum l.jpg
E. Mud TurtleKinosternon subrubrum

Extirpated? Removed from PA Endangered list

Spotted turtle clemmys guttata l.jpg
Spotted TurtleClemmys guttata

  • Yellow spots on dark carapace

  • marshes, bogs, wooded swamps

Wood turtle clemmys insculpta l.jpg
Wood TurtleClemmys insculpta

  • sculpted carapace

  • terrestrial

  • formerly a ‘meat turtle’

Bog turtle clemmys muhlenbergi l.jpg
Bog TurtleClemmys muhlenbergi


Blanding s turtle emydoidea blandingi l.jpg
Blanding’s TurtleEmydoidea blandingi

Candidate species

E box turtle terrapene carolina l.jpg
E. Box TurtleTerrapene carolina

Map turtle graptemys geographica l.jpg
Map TurtleGraptemys geographica

Painted turtle chrysemys picta l.jpg
Painted TurtleChrysemys picta

Redbellied turtle pseudemys rubriventris l.jpg
Redbellied TurtlePseudemys rubriventris


Spiny softshell turtle apalone spinifera l.jpg
Spiny Softshell TurtleApalone spinifera

Smooth softshell apalone mutica l.jpg
Smooth SoftshellApalone mutica

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That’s All Folks!