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Herpetology. Spring 2004. Pennsylvania's Herpetofauna (Translation: Our state’s reptiles & amphibians). Frogs & Toads 16 species Salamanders 22 “ Turtles 13 “ Lizards 5 “ Snakes 21 “. Salamanders. Salamander Life Cycle. Spermataphores. Salamander Eggs. Salamander Larvae.

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Herpetology

Spring 2004


Pennsylvania s herpetofauna translation our state s reptiles amphibians l.jpg
Pennsylvania's Herpetofauna(Translation: Our state’s reptiles & amphibians)

  • Frogs & Toads 16 species

  • Salamanders 22 “

  • Turtles 13 “

  • Lizards 5 “

  • Snakes 21 “








Salamandridae red spotted newt notopthalmus viridescens l.jpg
SalamandridaeRed-spotted NewtNotopthalmus viridescens

Adult Newt

Red Eft


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AMBYSTOMATIDAEJefferson SalamanderAmbystoma jeffersonianum



Ambystomatidae spotted salamander ambystoma maculatum l.jpg
AMBYSTOMATIDAESpotted SalamanderAmbystoma maculatum


Ambystomatidae marbled salamander ambystoma opacum l.jpg
AmbystomatidaeMarbled SalamanderAmbystoma opacum


Ambystomatidae eastern tiger salamander ambystoma tigrinum l.jpg
AmbystomatidaeEastern Tiger SalamanderAmbystoma tigrinum


Plethodontidae northern dusky salamander desmognathus fuscus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeNorthern Dusky SalamanderDesmognathus fuscus


Plethodontidae mountain dusky salamander desmognathus ochrophaeus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeMountain Dusky SalamanderDesmognathus ochrophaeus


Plethodontidae red backed salamander plethodon cinereus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeRed-backed SalamanderPlethodon cinereus


Plethodontidae slimy salamander plethodon glutinosus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeSlimy SalamanderPlethodon glutinosus


Plethodontidae four toed salamander hemidactylum scutatum l.jpg
PlethodontidaeFour-toed SalamanderHemidactylum scutatum


Plethodontidae two lined salamander eurycea bislineata l.jpg
PLETHODONTIDAETwo-lined SalamanderEurycea bislineata



Plethodontidae spring salamander gyrinophilus porphyriticus l.jpg
PlethodontidaeSpring SalamanderGyrinophilus porphyriticus


Plethodontidae northern red salamander pseudotriton ruber ruber l.jpg
PlethodontidaeNorthern Red SalamanderPseudotriton ruber ruber






Pelobatidae spadefoots eastern spadefoot toad scaphiopus hobrooki l.jpg
Pelobatidae: SpadefootsEastern Spadefoot ToadScaphiopus hobrooki


Bufonidae toads l.jpg
Bufonidae: Toads

Warts: one or two in each large spot.

Three+ in each large spot.


American toad bufo americanus l.jpg
American ToadBufo americanus


Fowler s toad bufo foweleri l.jpg
Fowler’s ToadBufo foweleri



Gray cope s tree frog hyla versicolor and hyla chrysocelis l.jpg
Gray & Cope’s Tree FrogHyla versicolor and Hyla chrysocelis


Spring peeper pseudacris crucifer l.jpg
Spring PeeperPseudacris crucifer

Hear Me!



Bullfrog rana catesbeiana l.jpg
BullfrogRana catesbeiana


Green frog rana clamitans l.jpg
Green FrogRana clamitans


Pickerel frog rana palustris l.jpg
Pickerel FrogRana palustris


Leopard frog rana pipiens l.jpg
Leopard FrogRana pipiens


Wood frog rana sylvatica l.jpg
Wood FrogRana sylvatica








Eastern cottonmouth agkistrodon piscivorous not found in pennsylvania l.jpg
Eastern CottonmouthAgkistrodon piscivorousNot found in Pennsylvania


Northern water snake nerodia sipedon l.jpg
Northern Water SnakeNerodia sipedon


Queen snake regina septemvittata l.jpg
Queen SnakeRegina septemvittata



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  • Turtles

  • All lay eggs on land

  • No parental care

  • In PA

    • 10 genera

    • 13 species & subspecies


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carapace

plastron


Snapping turtle chelydra serpentina l.jpg
Snapping TurtleChelydra serpentina


Snapping turtle chelydra serpentina56 l.jpg
Snapping TurtleChelydra serpentina

  • long tail

  • serrate carapace (may be worn)

  • reduced, cross-shaped plastron


Stinkpot or musk turtle sternotherus oderatus l.jpg
Stinkpot or Musk TurtleSternotherus oderatus

  • domed carapace

  • 3-4 inches in length

  • emit foul musk from upper shell border

  • slow, shallow streams & rivers


E mud turtle kinosternon subrubrum l.jpg
E. Mud TurtleKinosternon subrubrum

Extirpated? Removed from PA Endangered list


Spotted turtle clemmys guttata l.jpg
Spotted TurtleClemmys guttata

  • Yellow spots on dark carapace

  • marshes, bogs, wooded swamps


Wood turtle clemmys insculpta l.jpg
Wood TurtleClemmys insculpta

  • sculpted carapace

  • terrestrial

  • formerly a ‘meat turtle’


Bog turtle clemmys muhlenbergi l.jpg
Bog TurtleClemmys muhlenbergi

E


Blanding s turtle emydoidea blandingi l.jpg
Blanding’s TurtleEmydoidea blandingi

Candidate species


E box turtle terrapene carolina l.jpg
E. Box TurtleTerrapene carolina


Map turtle graptemys geographica l.jpg
Map TurtleGraptemys geographica


Painted turtle chrysemys picta l.jpg
Painted TurtleChrysemys picta


Redbellied turtle pseudemys rubriventris l.jpg
Redbellied TurtlePseudemys rubriventris

T


Spiny softshell turtle apalone spinifera l.jpg
Spiny Softshell TurtleApalone spinifera


Smooth softshell apalone mutica l.jpg
Smooth SoftshellApalone mutica


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That’s All Folks!