Modern philosophy
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Modern Philosophy. Part two. Baruch Spinoza. Background Early years The road to excommunication Lenses & philosophy Works. Spinoza: Goals & Methods. Goal: Freedom Ethics Method Ethics Foundation Assumptions. Spinoza: Epistemology. Truth Necessity Appearance of contingency Ideas

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Modern Philosophy

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Modern philosophy

Modern Philosophy

Part two


Baruch spinoza

Baruch Spinoza

  • Background

    • Early years

    • The road to excommunication

    • Lenses & philosophy

    • Works


Spinoza goals methods

Spinoza: Goals & Methods

  • Goal: Freedom

    • Ethics

  • Method

    • Ethics

    • Foundation

    • Assumptions


Spinoza epistemology

Spinoza: Epistemology

  • Truth

    • Necessity

    • Appearance of contingency

    • Ideas

    • Opinion/Imagination

    • Reason

    • Intuition


Spinoza metaphysics

Spinoza: Metaphysics

  • Substance

    • Defining substance

    • Infinity

    • Defining God

    • Ontological Argument for God’s existence

    • God

    • Argument for one substance

    • Pantheism

    • Is God a Person


Spinoza metaphysics1

Spinoza: Metaphysics

  • Atheist or Mystic

    • Labels

    • False Dilemma

  • Freedom & necessity

    • Apparent contradiction

    • Creation & Necessity

    • Two types of events

    • Free Will


Spinoza metaphysics2

Spinoza: Metaphysics

  • Mind-Body problem

    • God’s attributes

    • Mind-Body


Spinoza ethics

Spinoza: Ethics

  • Freedom

    • Overview

    • Method

    • Self Preservation

    • Self-awareness

    • The Mind

    • Comprehensive understanding


Spinoza ethics1

Spinoza: Ethics

  • Good & Evil

    • Good & Evil

    • Self-preservation

  • Love & Immortality

    • Intellectual love of God

    • Immortality


Spinoza criticism impact

Spinoza: Criticism/Impact

  • Conclusion

    • The Wise man

  • Criticism

    • Desirable

    • Coherent

  • Impact

    • Impact

    • 18th Century

    • 19th Century

    • 20th Century


Leibniz background

Leibniz: Background

  • German Culture

    • Stagnant

  • Background for Leibniz

    • Early years

    • Professional career

    • Diplomacy

    • Works


Leibniz goal method

Leibniz: Goal & Method

  • Goal

    • Unified

  • Logical Method

    • Logic

    • Method

    • Application of the method

    • Assumptions


Leibniz epistemology

Leibniz: Epistemology

  • Innate Ideas

    • Against Locke

    • The Mind

    • Against the empiricists


Leibniz epistemology necessity contingency

Leibniz: EpistemologyNecessity & Contingency

  • Truths of Reason & Truths of Fact

    • Truths of reason

    • Truths of fact

    • Necessary & contingent truths

    • Deduction


Leibniz metaphysics god

Leibniz: MetaphysicsGod

  • God

    • Proofs for God’s existence

  • Proof of God’s existence by possibility & necessity

    • God

    • Perfection

    • Existence

  • Cosmological Argument

    • Two principles

    • Two kinds of truth

    • Sufficient Reason

    • God


Leibniz metaphysics problem of evil

Leibniz: MetaphysicsProblem of Evil

  • Best of All Possible Worlds

    • The best world

    • God’s choice

    • Diversity

  • No Better Possible World

    • Intellectualist view

    • The Problem & Reply

    • The Best

    • Denial of pantheism


Leibniz metaphysics problem of evil1

Leibniz: MetaphysicsProblem of Evil

  • Evil as Privation

    • The question

    • Origin of evil-the ancients

    • Origin of evil-intellectualist view

    • Understanding & necessity

  • Analogy of the Boats

    • Boats

    • The Analogy

    • Defects


Leibniz metaphysics metaphysical points

Leibniz: MetaphysicsMetaphysical Points

  • Problems & Solutions

    • Introduction

    • Problems with Cartesian matter

    • Problems with Spinoza

    • Rejection of materialism

    • Phenomenology

    • Metaphysical Points


Leibniz metaphysics monads

Leibniz: MetaphysicsMonads

  • Nature of Monads

    • Introduction

    • Minds

    • Perception

    • Continuity

    • The identity of indiscernibles


Leibniz metaphysics monads1

Leibniz: MetaphysicsMonads

  • Windowless Monads

    • Windowless

  • Pre-Established harmony

    • Inner World

    • One World

  • Space & Time

    • Extended Things

    • Space & Time


Leibniz metaphysics monads2

Leibniz: MetaphysicsMonads

  • Mind-Body Problem

    • Bodies

    • Interaction

  • Teleology & Mechanism

    • Reconciliation

    • Two Realms

  • Freedom & Determinism

    • Freedom

    • Compatibilism


Leibniz metaphysics monads3

Leibniz: MetaphysicsMonads

  • The City of God

    • Souls

    • Why did God create the world?

    • Harmony, reward & punishment

    • Machinery of Justice


Leibniz metaphysics problems impact

Leibniz: MetaphysicsProblems & Impact

  • Problems

    • The best of all possible worlds

    • Freedom

    • Collapse to Spinoza

  • Impact

    • Dominant

    • Lost potential

    • Universal, logically perfect language


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