Proximal epiphysis
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 61

Proximal epiphysis PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 86 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Articular cartilage. Compact bone. Proximal epiphysis. Spongy bone. Epiphyseal line. Periosteum. Compact bone. Medullary cavity (lined by endosteum). Diaphysis. Distal epiphysis. Endosteum. Yellow bone marrow. Compact bone. Periosteum. Perforating(Sharpey’s) fibers. Nutrient

Download Presentation

Proximal epiphysis

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Proximal epiphysis

Articular

cartilage

Compact bone

Proximal

epiphysis

Spongy bone

Epiphyseal

line

Periosteum

Compact bone

Medullary

cavity (lined

by endosteum)

Diaphysis

Distal

epiphysis


Proximal epiphysis

Endosteum

Yellow bone marrow

Compact bone

Periosteum

Perforating(Sharpey’s) fibers

Nutrient

arteries


Proximal epiphysis

Spongy bone

Compact

bone

Perforating (Volkmann’s) canal

Central

(Haversian) canal

Endosteum lining bony canals

and covering trabeculae

Osteon

(Haversian system)

Circumferential

lamellae

Perforating (Sharpey’s) fibers

Periosteal blood vessel

Lamellae

Periosteum

Nerve

Vein

Lamellae

Artery

Central

canal

Lacuna (with

osteocyte)

Canaliculus

Osteocyte

in a lacuna

Lacunae

Interstitial lamellae


Proximal epiphysis

Month 3

Birth

Week 9

Childhood toadolescence

Articularcartilage

Secondaryossificationcenter

Spongybone

Epiphysealblood vessel

Area ofdeterioratingcartilage matrix

Epiphysealplatecartilage

Hyalinecartilage

Medullarycavity

Spongyboneformation

Bonecollar

Bloodvessel ofperiostealbud

Primaryossificationcenter

1

2

3

4

Bone collarforms aroundhyaline cartilagemodel.

Cartilage in thecenter of thediaphysis calcifiesand then developscavities.

The periostealbud inavades theinternal cavitiesand spongy bonebegins to form.

The diaphysis elongatesand a medullary cavityforms as ossificationcontinues. Secondaryossification centers appearin the epiphyses inpreparation for stage 5.

The epiphysesossify. Whencompleted, hyalinecartilage remains only in the epiphysealplates and articularcartilages.

5


Proximal epiphysis

Bonycallus ofspongybone

Hematoma

Externalcallus

Internalcallus(fibroustissue andcartilage)

Healedfracture

Newbloodvessels

Spongybonetrabecula

1

2

3

4

A hematoma forms.

Fibrocartilaginouscallus forms.

Bony callus forms.

Boneremodelingoccurs.


Proximal epiphysis

Cranium

Skull

Facial bones

Clavicle

Thoracic cage

(ribs and

sternum)

Scapula

Sternum

Rib

Humerus

Vertebra

Vertebral

column

Radius

Ulna

Sacrum

Carpals

Phalanges

Metacarpals

Femur

Patella

Tibia

Fibula

Tarsals

Metatarsals

Anterior view

Phalanges


Proximal epiphysis

Bones of cranium (cranial vault)

Coronal

suture

Squamous

suture

Facial

bones

Lambdoid

suture

Cranial and facial divisions of the skull


Proximal epiphysis

Frontal bone

Glabella

Parietal bone

Frontonasal suture

Supraorbital foramen

(notch)

Squamous part

of frontal bone

Supraorbital margin

Nasal bone

Superior orbital

fissure

Sphenoid bone

(greater wing)

Optic canal

Temporal bone

Inferior orbital

fissure

Ethmoid bone

Lacrimal bone

Middle nasal

concha

Zygomatic bone

Ethmoid

bone

Perpendicular

plate

Infraorbital foramen

Maxilla

Inferior nasal concha

Mandible

Vomer

Mental

foramen

Anterior view

Mandibular symphysis


Proximal epiphysis

Frontal bone

Coronal suture

Sphenoid bone

(greater wing)

Parietal bone

Ethmoid bone

Temporal bone

Lacrimal bone

Lacrimal fossa

Lambdoid

suture

Squamous

suture

Nasal bone

Occipital

bone

Zygomatic

bone

Zygomatic

process

Maxilla

Occipitomastoid

suture

External acoustic

meatus

Alveolar

margins

Mastoid process

Styloid process

Mandibular condyle

Mandible

Mandibular notch

Mental foramen

Mandibular ramus

Coronoid process

Mandibular angle

External anatomy of the right side of the skull


Proximal epiphysis

Incisive fossa

Maxilla

(palatine process)

Intermaxillary suture

Hard

palate

Palatine bone

(horizontal plate)

Median palatine suture

Infraorbital foramen

Maxilla

Zygomatic bone

Sphenoid bone

(greater wing)

Temporal bone

(zygomatic process)

Foramen ovale

Foramen spinosum

Vomer

Foramen lacerum

Mandibular

fossa

Carotid canal

External acoustic meatus

Styloid process

Stylomastoid

foramen

Mastoid process

Jugular foramen

Temporal bone

(petrous part)

Occipital condyle

Pharyngeal tubercle

of basilar region of

the occipital bone

Inferior nuchal line

Parietal bone

Superior nuchal line

External occipital crest

External occipital

protuberance

Foramen magnum

Inferior view of the skull (mandible removed)


Proximal epiphysis

Cribriform plate

Frontal bone

Ethmoid

bone

Crista galli

Olfactory foramina

Anterior cranial fossa

Optic canal

Lesser wing

Sphenoid

Foramen rotundum

Greater wing

Foramen ovale

Foramen spinosum

Hypophyseal fossa

of sella turcica

Foramen lacerum

Middle cranial

fossa

Internal acoustic

meatus

Temporal bone

(petrous part)

Jugular foramen

Hypoglossal canal

Foramen magnum

Posterior

cranial fossa

View

Parietal bone

Occipital bone

Superior view of the skull, calvaria removed


Proximal epiphysis

Lesser wing

Optic canal

Superior

orbital fissure

Foramen

rotundum

Greater

wing

Foramen

ovale

Hypophyseal

fossa of

sella turcica

Foramen

spinosum

Body of sphenoid

Superior view


Proximal epiphysis

Lesser

wing

Body of sphenoid

Superior

orbital

fissure

Greater

wing

Pterygoid

process

Posterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Crista galli

Olfactory

foramina

Cribriform

plate

Orbital

plate

Left lateral mass

Ethmoidal

air cells

Perpendicular

plate

Middle nasal concha


Proximal epiphysis

Mandibular fossa

of temporal bone

Temporomandibular

joint

Mandibular notch

Coronoid

process

Mandibular

condyle

Mandibular foramen

Alveolar

margin

Ramus

of

mandible

Mental

foramen

Mandibular

angle

Body of mandible

Mandible, right lateral view


Proximal epiphysis

Articulates with

frontal bone

Frontal process

Orbital

surface

Infraorbital

foramen

Zygomatic

process

(cut)

Anterior nasal

spine

Alveolar

margin

Maxilla, right lateral view


Proximal epiphysis

Frontal sinus

Superior, middle, and

inferior meatus

Superior

nasal concha

Ethmoid

bone

Middle

nasal concha

Inferior nasal

concha

Nasal bone

Anterior nasal spine

Sphenoid

sinus

Maxillary bone

(palatine process)

Sphenoid

bone

Pterygoid

process

Palatine bone

(horizontal plate)

Palatine bone

(perpendicular plate)

Bones forming the left lateral wall of the nasal cavity

(nasal septum removed)


Proximal epiphysis

Crista galli

Ethmoid

bone

Cribriform

plate

Frontal

sinus

Sella turcica

Nasal bone

Perpendicular

plate of

ethmoid bone

Sphenoid

sinus

Septal cartilage

Palatine

bone

Vomer

Alveolar margin

of maxilla

Hard

palate

Palatine process

of maxilla

Nasal cavity with septum in place showing the contributions

of the ethmoid bone, the vomer, and septal cartilage


Proximal epiphysis

Frontal

sinus

Frontal

sinus

Ethmoidal

air cells

(sinus)

Ethmoidal

air cells

Sphenoid

sinus

Sphenoid

sinus

Maxillary

sinus

Maxillary

sinus

Medial aspect

Anterior aspect


Hyoid bone

Hyoid Bone

Greater horn

Lesser horn

Body


Proximal epiphysis

C1

Cervical curvature

(concave)

7 vertebrae, C1–C7

Spinous

process

Transverse

processes

Thoracic

curvature

(convex)

12 vertebrae,T1–T12

Intervertebral

discs

Intervertebral

foramen

Lumbar curvature

(concave)

5 vertebrae, L1–L5

Sacral curvature

(convex)

5 fused vertebrae

sacrum

Coccyx

4 fused vertebrae

Anterior view

Right lateral view


Proximal epiphysis

Posterior

Vertebral

arch

Lamina

Spinous

process

Transverse

process

Superior

articular

process

and

facet

Vertebral

foramen

Pedicle

Body

(centrum)

Anterior


Proximal epiphysis

Superior articular

process

Transverse

process

Transverse

costal facet (for

tubercle of rib)

Intervertebral

disc

Body

Inferior costal

facet (for head

of rib)

Spinous

process

Inferior articular

process

Thoracic vertebrae


Proximal epiphysis

Superior

articular

process

Body

Transverse

process

Intervertebral

disc

Inferior

articular

process

Spinous

process

Lumbar vertebrae


Proximal epiphysis

Sacral promontory

Ala

Body of

first

sacral

vertebra

Transverse

ridges (sites

of vertebral

fusion)

Anterior

sacral

foramina

Apex

Coccyx

Anterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Facet of

superior

articular

process

Sacral

canal

Body

Ala

Auricular

surface

Median

sacral

crest

Lateral

sacral

crest

Posterior

sacral

foramina

Sacral

hiatus

Coccyx

Posterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Jugular notch

Clavicular notch

Manubrium

Sternal angle

Body

Sternum

True

ribs

(1–7)

Xiphisternal

joint

Xiphoid

process

False

ribs

(8–12)

Intercostal spaces

Costal cartilage

Costal margin

L1

Vertebra

Floating ribs (11, 12)

Skeleton of the thoracic cage, anterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Acromio-

clavicular

joint

Clavicle

Scapula

Articulated pectoral girdle


Proximal epiphysis

Sternal (medial)

end

Posterior

Anterior

Acromial (lateral)

end

Right clavicle, superior view


Proximal epiphysis

Suprascapular notch

Acromion

Superior border

Coracoid

process

Superior

angle

Glenoid

cavity

Subscapular

fossa

Lateral border

Medial border

Inferior angle

Right scapula, anterior aspect


Proximal epiphysis

Coracoid process

Suprascapular notch

Superior

angle

Acromion

Supraspinous

fossa

Glenoid

cavity

at lateral

angle

Spine

Infraspinous

fossa

Medial border

Lateral border

Right scapula, posterior aspect


Proximal epiphysis

Greater

tubercle

Head of

humerus

Lesser

tubercle

Anatomical

neck

Inter-

tubercular

sulcus

Deltoid

tuberosity

Lateral

supracondylar

ridge

Coronoid

fossa

Medial

epicondyle

Radial fossa

Capitulum

Trochlea

Anterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Radial

notch of

the ulna

Olecranon

process

Trochlear

notch

Head

Head of

radius

Coronoid

process

Neck

Radial

tuberosity

Neck of

radius

Proximal

radioulnar

joint

Interosseous

membrane

Ulna

Radius

Ulnar notch

of the radius

Radius

Head of ulna

Styloid

process of ulna

Styloid

process

of radius

Distal radioulnar

joint

Styloid process

of radius

Anterior view

Posterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Olecranon process

View

Trochlear notch

Coronoid process

Radial notch

Proximal portion of ulna, lateral view

Ulnar notch of radius

Articulation

for lunate

Articulation

for scaphoid

Styloid

process

Styloid

process

Head

of ulna

View

Distal ends of the radius and ulna at the wrist


Proximal epiphysis

Coronoid

fossa

Humerus

Capitulum

Medial

epicondyle

Trochlea

Head of

radius

Coronoid

process of

ulna

Radial

tuberosity

Radial notch

Radius

Ulna

Anterior view at the elbow region

Olecranon

fossa

Humerus

Olecranon

process

Lateral

epicondyle

Medial

epicondyle

Head

Ulna

Neck

Radius

Posterior view of extended elbow


Proximal epiphysis

Phalanges

• Distal

• Middle

• Proximal

Metacarpals

• Head

• Shaft

• Base

Sesamoid

bones

Carpals

Carpals

Carpals

• Trapezium

• Hamate

• Trapezium

• Trapezoid

• Capitate

• Trapezoid

• Scaphoid

• Pisiform

• Scaphoid

• Triquetrum

Radius

• Lunate

Ulna

Radius

Anterior view of left hand

Posterior view of left hand


Proximal epiphysis

Base of sacrum

Iliac crest

Sacroiliac

joint

Iliac fossa

Anterior

superior

iliac spine

Sacral

promontory

Coxal

bone

(os coxae

or hip

bone)

Anterior inferior

iliac spine

llium

Sacrum

Pubic

bone

Pelvic brim

Coccyx

Acetabulum

Pubic tubercle

Ischium

Pubic crest

Pubic symphysis

Pubic arch


Proximal epiphysis

Anterior gluteal

line

Ilium

Ala

Posterior

gluteal line

Iliac crest

Posterior

superior

iIiac spine

Anterior

superior

iliac spine

Posterior inferior

iliac spine

Inferior

gluteal line

Greater sciatic

notch

Anterior inferior

iliac spine

Ischial body

Acetabulum

Ischial spine

Pubic body

Lesser sciatic

notch

Pubis

Ischium

Inferior ramus

of pubis

Ischial

tuberosity

Obturator foramen

Ischial ramus

Lateral view, right hip bone


Proximal epiphysis

Ilium

Iliac fossa

Iliac crest

Posterior

superior

iliac spine

Anterior

superior

iliac spine

Posterior

inferior

iliac spine

Anterior inferior

iliac spine

Auricular

surface

Body of

the ilium

Arcuate line

Greater sciatic notch

Superior ramus

of pubis

Ischial spine

Lesser sciatic notch

Pubic tubercle

Obturator

foramen

Articular surface

of pubis (at pubic

symphysis)

Ischium

Ischial ramus

Inferior ramus

of pubis

Medial view, right hip bone


Comparison of male and female pelves

Comparison of Male and Female Pelves


Proximal epiphysis

Neck

Fovea

capitis

Greater

trochanter

Head

Inter-

trochanteric

crest

Lesser trochanter

Intertrochanteric

line

Gluteal tuberosity

Linea aspera

Apex

Anterior

Facet for lateral

condyle of femur

Facet for

medial

condyle

of femur

Lateral

condyle

Medial and

lateral supra-

condylar lines

Lateral

epicondyle

Surface for

patellar

ligament

Intercondylar fossa

Medial condyle

Posterior

Adductor

tubercle

(a) Patella (kneecap)

Lateral epicondyle

Medial

epicondyle

Patellar surface

Anterior view

Posterior view

Femur (thigh bone)


Proximal epiphysis

Lateral condyle

Intercondylar eminence

Head

Medial condyle

Proximal tibiofibular

joint

Tibial tuberosity

Interosseous membrane

Anterior border

Fibula

Tibia

Distal tibiofibular

joint

Articular surface

Lateral malleolus

Medial malleolus

Anterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Articular surface

of medial condyle

Articular surface of

lateral condyle

Medial condyle

Head of fibula

Interosseous

membrane

Tibia

Fibula

Articular surface

Medial malleolus

Lateral malleolus

Posterior view


Proximal epiphysis

Phalanges

Distal

Middle

Proximal

1

2

3

4

5

Metatarsals

Medial

cuneiform

Intermediate

cuneiform

Lateral

cuneiform

Navicular

Cuboid

Tarsals

Talus

Trochlea

of talus

Calcaneus

Superior view


Proximal epiphysis

Facet for

medial

malleolus

Talus

Navicular

Intermediate

cuneiform

Sustentac-

ulum tali

(talar shelf)

First metatarsal

Calcaneus

Medial

cuneiform

Medial view

Calcaneal

tuberosity


Proximal epiphysis

Synchondroses

Bones united by hyaline cartilage

Sternum

(manubrium)

Epiphyseal

plate (temporary

hyaline cartilage

joint)

Joint between

first rib and

sternum

(immovable)

Symphyses

Bones united by fibrocartilage

Body of vertebra

Fibrocartilaginous

intervertebral

disc

Hyaline cartilage

Pubic symphysis


Gliding movements

Gliding Movements

Gliding

Gliding movements at the wrist


Angular movements

Angular Movements

Extension

Hyperextension

Flexion

Angular movements: flexion, extension, and hyperextension of the neck


Angular movements1

Angular Movements

Abduction

Circumduction

Adduction

Angular movements: abduction, adduction, and circumduction of the upper limb at the shoulder


Rotation

Rotation

Rotation

Lateral

rotation

Medial

rotation

Rotation of the head, neck, and lower limb


Proximal epiphysis

Acromion

of scapula

Coracoacromial

ligament

Synovial cavity

of the glenoid

cavity containing

synovial fluid

Subacromial

bursa

Fibrous

articular capsule

Hyaline

cartilage

Tendon

sheath

Synovial membrane

Fibrous capsule

Tendon of

long head

of biceps

brachii muscle

Humerus

Frontal section through right shoulder joint


Proximal epiphysis

Articular

capsule

Synovial

membrane

Humerus

Synovial cavity

Articular cartilage

Fat pad

Coronoid process

Tendon of

triceps

muscle

Tendon of

brachialis muscle

Ulna

Bursa

Trochlea

Articular cartilage

of the trochlear

notch

Median sagittal section through right elbow (lateral view)


Proximal epiphysis

Coxal (hip) bone

Articular cartilage

Ligament of

the head of

the femur

(ligamentum

teres)

Acetabular

labrum

Femur

Synovial cavity

Articular capsule

Frontal section through the right hip joint


Proximal epiphysis

Tendon of quadriceps

femoris

Femur

Suprapatellar bursa

Articular

capsule

Patella

Posterior

cruciate

ligament

Subcutaneous

prepatellar bursa

Synovial cavity

Lateral

meniscus

Lateral meniscus

Infrapatellar fat pad

Anterior

cruciate

ligament

Deep infrapatellar

bursa

Patellar ligament

Tibia

Sagittal section through the right knee joint


Proximal epiphysis

Quadriceps

femoris muscle

Tendon of

quadriceps

femoris muscle

Patella

Medial patellar

retinaculum

Lateral patellar

retinaculum

Tibial collateral

ligament

Fibular

collateral

ligament

Patellar ligament

Tibia

Fibula

Anterior view of right knee


  • Login