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Workshop on piloting the Payment for Ecosystems Services tool in Kyrgyzstan – Pilot project in the Chon-Aksuu watershed. 18th-19th of July 2011 Cholpon-Ata EcoCentre. First assessments in 2009 – highlight problem with water quality

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Workshop on piloting the Payment for Ecosystems Services tool in Kyrgyzstan – Pilot project in the Chon-Aksuu watershed

18th-19th of July 2011

Cholpon-Ata

EcoCentre


First assessments in 2009 tool in Kyrgyzstan – Pilot project in the Chon-Aksuu watershed – highlight problem with water quality

Overgrazing and forest degradation/deforestation were pointed to have the main impact on water resources

2010 fundraising – ReSource Award 2011

May-July 2011 – scientific assessments (pastures, forests, landslides) meetings with stakeholders, discussions about the PES contract

Background of the project


Researches tool in Kyrgyzstan – Pilot project in the Chon-Aksuu watershed

2009 – General pilot site assessment:

General overview of the area, presentation of local economical and ecological characteristics, first

2011 – Researches on:

Capacity of ecosystems to provide services

Pasture use, pasture degradation and impact on water

Forest use, degradation and impact on water

Landslides, impact on water and possible management

Activities achieved

  • Discussions with stakeholders

    • 2010 – Workshop in Almaty on PES and recommendations from the United States Forestry Service

    • 2011 – Different individual or group meetings with local stakeholders ; meeting with the Governor of the Oblast


Working mostly on pastures and forests degradation; tool in Kyrgyzstan – Pilot project in the Chon-Aksuu watershed

Determining the Hydrological Services they provide thanks to the input of an international expert for very accurate scientific researches;

Making recomendations for an improvment of the Hydrologival Services provision;

Having a brief look to the landslides but without planning special activities or researches for them;

Creating a PES system involving the water and pasture users association, and the Forestry Unit.

Initial project planning


Discussions with locals and first scientific researches showed that:

Pastures are indeed degraded, but the impact of this degradation on water was probably overestimated;

The impact on landslides is probably important than what we thought.

A plan is a plan…

  • Modification of the plan:

  • Cancellation of the trip for international expert;

  • Reallocation of funds to landslides assessment and possibly for water quality tests;

  • Integration of tourists and mushroom collecters in the PES mechanism


Pastures: showed that:

7-days fieldtrip to research about degradation and to make recommendations for a more sustainable use of pastures;

Forests:

2-days fieldtrip to identify the areas degraded, the type and reasons of the degradation and to make recommendatons for a better protection of the forest;

Landslides:

4-days field trip to analyze their possible impact on water resources.

Field trip: objectives and schedule

  • Recommendations are the main scientific input for discussions in this workshop, they will be the base of the working group sessions.


Pastures: showed that:

Places degraded;

Nature and reasons of the degradation;

Potential impact on water resources;

Mapping;

Technical and institutional recommendations to improve the situation;

Inclusion of these recommendations in the PES Scheme;

Proposition for a Monitoring and Evaluation plan.

Researches conducted (1)

  • Forest:

    • Places degraded;

    • Places where the regeneration is limited;

    • Nature and reason of the degradations (grazing, illegal logging);

    • Proposition for a Monitoring and Evaluation plan;

    • Inclusion of these recommendations in the PES Scheme;


Researches conducted (2) showed that:

  • Landsildes:

    • Identification of the different landslides in the watershed;

    • Granulometric and geologic analysis of the ground;

    • Technical recommendations for decreasing their impact on water quality;

    • Proposition for a Monitoring and Evaluation plan;

    • Inclusion of these recommendations in the PES Scheme;


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