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Adjective Agreement. Grammar essential #7. Adjectives . Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns. In Spanish, adjectives agree in number and gender. In Spanish, adjectives follow the noun or pronoun which they modify. In English we say, the red wagons. In Spanish we say, the wagons reds .

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Adjective agreement

Adjective Agreement

Grammar essential #7


Adjectives
Adjectives

Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns.

In Spanish, adjectives agree in number and gender.

In Spanish, adjectives follow the noun or pronoun which they modify.

In English we say, the red wagons.

In Spanish we say, the wagons reds


Adjectives1
Adjectives

the tall boy

el chico alto

the tall boys

los chicos altos

the tall girl

la chica alta

the tall girls

las chicas altas


Adjectives2
Adjectives

If the noun is singular, the adjective must be singular to match.

If the noun is plural, the adjective must be plural to match.

If the noun is feminine, the adjective must be feminine to match.

If the noun is masculine, the adjective must be masculine to match.

However….


Adjectivos
adjectivos

There are some adjectives called genderless or neutered.

Genderless or neutered adjectives can show number but notgender.

gendered – pequeño genderless – grande

gendered- alto genderless – inteligente

gendered – viejo genderless - joven


Adjectives

the interesting boy

el chico interesante

the interesting boys

los chicos interesantes

the interesting girl

la chica interesante

the interesting girls

las chicas interesantes


Adjectivos1
Adjectivos

If the nationality is gendered, -o = masculine

-a = feminine

i.e. mexicano, mexicana

If the nationality is genderless, and ends in an ‘e’,

leave for masculine and feminine.

i.e. costarricense, costarricense

If the nationality is genderless, and ends in a consonant, leave for masuline, add –a for feminine

i.e. español, española


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