The Middle East - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

The middle east
1 / 19

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

The Middle East. Empire, War, Independence, Conflict. Where is the Middle East?. Where is the Middle East?. Where is the Middle East?. History of the Middle East: The Ancient Empires . Babylon (609BC-539BC) Persia (550BC-330BC) Greece (332BC-68 BC) Rome (68 BC- 476AD)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

The Middle East

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

The middle east

The Middle East

Empire, War, Independence, Conflict

Where is the middle east

Where is the Middle East?

Where is the middle east1

Where is the Middle East?

Where is the middle east2

Where is the Middle East?

History of the middle east the ancient empires

History of the Middle East: The Ancient Empires

  • Babylon (609BC-539BC)

  • Persia (550BC-330BC)

  • Greece (332BC-68 BC)

  • Rome (68 BC- 476AD)

  • Byzantine (330 AD-1453AD)

Babylonian empire

Babylonian Empire

Persian empire

Persian Empire

The greek empire

The Greek Empire

The roman empire

The Roman Empire





  • Israel’s Flag was adopted in 1948

  • 1st Introduced in 1891

    • Represented the Zionist movement

  • Six Pointed Star of David is and ancient Jewish Symbol

  • Blue and White stripes refer to Jewish prayer shawls.

Regathering begins

Regathering Begins

  • (1860) MishkenotSha’anaim, first Jewish neighborhood built outside Jerusalem walls.

  • (1881) Widespread pogroms (violent mob attack against Jews) in Russia reinforce Jewish national awakening

  • (1894) Theodor Herzl attends the trial of Alfred Dreyfus in Paris

    • Witnesses French anti-Semitism

  • (1896) Herzl’ DerJudenstaat(The Jewish State) published.

  • (1897) Herzl convenes 1stZinonist Congress in Basel, Switerland.

Zionist movement

Zionist Movement

  • (1916) Sykes-Picot Agreement signed by Britain, France, and Russia

    • Secret Wartime agreement between Britain and France to divide the land of the Ottoman Empire after WWI

    • Among the terms, establishment of Arab state in “Southern Palestine”

    • Arabs angry, Britain ruled Palestine like a colony until 1948.

  • (1917) Balfour Declaration

    • Short note from Britain’s foreign secretary

    • Establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people.

    • Declaration sped Jewish immigration

    • Together w/ Sykes-Picot it laid the modern foundation for Middle East Conflict

Post wwi


  • (1919) Versailles Peace Conference

    • Jewish-Arab accord: Jews claim Jewish home in Palestine; Arabs claim Arab state from Iraq to Yemen (Excluding Palestine).

  • (1920) San Remo Conference/ League of Nations 1922

    • Granted British Mandate over Palestine with aim of encouraging immigration and settlement of Jews and establishment of national home.

    • Arab riots in Palestine-Rioters demand end to Jewish migration.

  • (1921) British decide to install Abdullah in “Trans-Jordan”, hajAmin al-Husseini appointed grand mufti of Jerusalem

  • (1930) British White Paper limits Jewish immigration to Palestine

  • (1936-1939) Arab Riots continue, murder 500 Jews, THOUSANDS of Arabs

Establishing a jewish state

Establishing a Jewish State

  • (1937) British Peel Commission asserts that Jewish national home cannot be built in Palestine, Recommends repartition of Palestine into small Jewish state (5% of total area) and Arab state in remainder.

    • Peel Plan is rejected by both Arabs and Jews.

    • Britain Halts immigration to Palestine.

  • (1939) British blockade Palestine against “illegal Jewish immigration”

  • (1941) Huesseni relocates to Berlin with intention of creating “fascist” Arab state. Pushes for end of Jews and terrorism against who?

    • Moderate Arabs

  • (1945) Jews are liberated from death camps

End of british rule in palestine

End of British Rulein Palestine

  • The British Mandate over Palestine ends in 1947

    • Britain withdrawls

    • UN announces resolution to partition Palestine

    • A Jewish State and an Arab State

      • Jerusalem would be a separate entity administered by the UN

  • Impact of UN Resolution 181?

    • Palestinian Jews approve, Palestinian Arabs reject along with the Neighboring Arab states.

    • Tension turns to violence.

Declaration of statehood

Declaration ofStatehood

  • (MAY 14 1948) David Ben Gurion becomes Israel’s 1st Prime Minister with the Declaration of Israeli Independence

    • The U.S. and USSR recognize it quickly.


    • Palestinian Arabs with 5 other Arab states launch a war that Israel ultimately wins

    • 700,000 Palestinians fled from their lands.

    • Israel expands its borders, Egypt occupies Gaza Strip, Jordan occupies W. Bank and E. Jerusalem.

    • (1948-1952) 800,000 Jews are expelled from Arab states, absorbed by Israel. 650,000 Palestinians flee and confined to refugee camps.

Israel conflicts arise

Israel:Conflicts Arise

  • 1951- Yasser Arafat begins organizing Palestinians in Cairo.

  • 1956- Sinai Campaign- Egypt nationalizes the Suez Canal. Egypt blocks Israeli shipping.

    • Israel Captures Sinai Peninsula and destroys terrorist bases on Gaza

    • U.S./Soviet pressures Israel to withdraw without a treaty

    • Eisenhower guarantees protection of Israeli shipping

  • Login