Heart disease
Download
1 / 25

Heart Disease - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 532 Views
  • Updated On :
loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Heart Disease' - daris


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Heart disease l.jpg

Heart Disease

Pine Manor College

March 5, 2008

Katherine Malanson


Heart disease2 l.jpg
Heart Disease

Which of these people has heart disease???


Objectives l.jpg

At the end of this session today you will

Cite prevalence and incidence data of heart disease

Identify major ethnic and gender differences in heart disease prevalence and incidence

Identify the major structures of the heart, including atria, ventricles and valves

Understand the basis of the cardiac action potential

Objectives


Prevalence l.jpg
Prevalence

  • Heart disease, also called Cardiovascular Disease (CVD), is a number of abnormal conditions affecting the heart and blood vessels.

  • Worldwide heart disease kills more than 17.5 million people, which is 30% of all deaths.

    • Over 80% of chronic disease deaths occur in low and middle income countries.


Pop quiz l.jpg
Pop Quiz

How many people die of heart disease in the United States each year?

a. 200,000

b. 400,000

c. 600,000

d. 800,000


Causes of death for all people in the united states l.jpg
Causes of Death for all People in the United States



Pop quiz8 l.jpg
Pop Quiz (CVD)

What is the projected cost of heart disease for 2006, including health care services, medications, and lost productivity?

a. 100 million

b. 750 million

c. 100 billion

d. 250 billion



Pop quiz10 l.jpg
Pop Quiz (CVD)

In 2003, what percentage of adults reported having two or more of six risk factors for heart disease and stroke?

a. 0 – 24 %

b. 25 – 49 %

c. 50 – 74%

d. 75 – 100%


Does heart disease affect men more than women l.jpg
Does Heart Disease Affect Men (CVD)more than Women?




Slide14 l.jpg

The Heart: Anatomy (CVD)

  • Layers

    • Pericardium

    • Myocardium

    • Endothelium

  • Two sides

    • Right

    • Left

  • Four chambers

    • Upper – Atria

    • Lower - Ventricles

7

1

6

5

4

2

3


The heart anatomy15 l.jpg
The Heart: Anatomy (CVD)

  • AV valves – between the atrium and ventricle

    • Right AV valve - tricuspid valve

    • Left AV valve – mitral valve

  • Pulmonary Valve

  • Aortic Valve

1

2

3

4



Pop quiz17 l.jpg
Pop Quiz (CVD)

  • How much blood does the heart pump in a day?

    a. 100 gallons

    b. 1000 gallons

    c. 2000 gallons

    d. 5000 gallons


The heart as a muscular pump l.jpg
The Heart as a Muscular Pump (CVD)

Cardiac Muscle - striated due to arrangement of myosin and actin - adjacent cells are joined end to end by intercalated disks - adjacent cells are electrically linked by gap junctions


Cardiac excitation l.jpg
Cardiac Excitation (CVD)

Conducting system of the heart



Pop quiz21 l.jpg
Pop Quiz (CVD)

How many times does the human heart “beat” (expand and contract) in a day?

a. 50,000

b. 100,000

c. 150,000

d. 200,000


Cardiac action potential l.jpg
Cardiac Action Potential (CVD)

Ion channel permeability during Action Potential


Electrocardiogram ecg or ekg l.jpg
Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) (CVD)

  • P – atrial depolarization

  • QRS – ventricular depolarization

  • T – ventricular repolarization


Cardiac action potential24 l.jpg
Cardiac Action Potential (CVD)

A. Clinical – EKG

B. Cellular - Action Potential

C

C. Molecular – Electrophysiology recordings


Objectives25 l.jpg
Objectives (CVD)

  • Now you should be able to

    • Cite prevalence and incidence data of heart disease

    • Identify major ethnic and gender differences in heart disease prevalence and incidence

    • Identify the major structures of the heart, including atria, ventricles and valves.

    • Understand the basis of the cardiac action potential


ad