The development of domestic ideology
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The Development of Domestic Ideology. Middle-Class Women and the Market Revolution. The Advent of Jacksonian Democracy. Jackson Frontier Hero Expansion of Democracy Fearful of Combining Economic, Political Power. Big Issue: Bank of the United States.

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The Development of Domestic Ideology

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The Development of Domestic Ideology

Middle-Class Women

and the Market Revolution


The Advent of Jacksonian Democracy

  • Jackson Frontier Hero

  • Expansion of Democracy

  • Fearful of Combining Economic, Political Power


Big Issue: Bank of the United States

  • Whigs: Provides Loans, Stability to Help Nation Grow

  • Democrats: Monster Bank that Concentrates Too Much Power


The Development of Domestic Ideology

Middle-Class Women

and the Market Revolution


Can People Who Have No Vote and No Property Influence Politics?

  • Yes.

    B. No.


BEFORE Domestic Ideology:Household Family Economy


Characteristics of Household Family Economy

  • No division between home and work

  • Patriarchal (men controlled household, including children)

  • Women considered inferior to men in all respects


Around 1750, Attitudes Slowly Began to Change

  • Influence of Enlightenment (Equality)


Around 1750, Attitudes Slowly Began to Change

  • Influence of Enlightenment (Equality)

  • Role of Women in Revolutionary War


Around 1750, Attitudes Slowly Began to Change

  • Influence of Enlightenment (Equality)

  • Role of Women in Revolutionary War

  • Falling Birthrates in Settled Areas


Competitive, Ambitious

Analytical

Corruptible

Sphere: Economy and Politics (Public World)

Cooperative, Self-Sacrificing

Sentimental

Pious, Disinterested

Sphere: The Home (Private World)

Domestic Ideology and Character of Men, Women

MEN

WOMEN


Depicting Differences between Men and Women


Sentimentality & Domestic Ideology


Market Revolution Solidified Domestic Ideology

  • Division of labor changed; men worked outside of home

  • Domestic ideology made economic change less frightening!


Republicanism, Virtue, and Domestic Ideology


Domestic Ideology Helped Calm Fears about “Virtue”

  • Women could act as a moral counterweight to men.

  • Women could educate children about proper republican virtues.


Domestic Ideology Limited Political and Economic Opportunities for Women

  • Women could NOT participate in politics (no right to vote).

  • Married women could not hold jobs.


Which of the Following is True about Domestic Ideology?

  • A. Glorified Women’s Work in the Home

  • B. Devalued Women’s Work in the Home

  • C. Both A and B (I haven’t done the reading and I’m hoping this is a trick question).


Under Separate Spheres, Women Could not Work

  • A. Yes-- the whole idea is that women are excluded from public life.

  • B. No—this is to easy and must be another trick question.


Some Advantages for Womenin Domestic Ideology

  • Control of the Household


Some Advantages for Womenin Domestic Ideology

  • Control of the Household

  • Expanded Educational Opportunities


Some Advantages for Womenin Domestic Ideology

  • Control of the Household

  • Expanded Educational Opportunities

  • Interaction with Other Women: “Bonds of Womanhood”


Did Domestic Ideology Describe Reality for Most Women?

  • Yes, of course—it was the dominant middle-class way of thinking.

  • No—Most women were not middle class.


Did Domestic Ideology Describe Reality for Most Women?

NO!!


Women Excluded from Domestic Ideology

Northeast:

Farm Families,

Poor Women, and

Immigrants

West:

Most

Rural

Women

South:

Most White

Women and

All Slave Women


Yet Domestic Ideology Still Very Important!

  • White Middle Class Grew Rapidly; Powerful in Politics, Economy

  • Domestic Ideology Dominated Culture and Literature

  • “Outsiders” Sometimes Sought Respectability through Domestic Ideology


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