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The Development of Domestic Ideology. Middle-Class Women and the Market Revolution. The Advent of Jacksonian Democracy. Jackson Frontier Hero Expansion of Democracy Fearful of Combining Economic, Political Power. Big Issue: Bank of the United States.

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The development of domestic ideology

The Development of Domestic Ideology

Middle-Class Women

and the Market Revolution


The advent of jacksonian democracy
The Advent of Jacksonian Democracy

  • Jackson Frontier Hero

  • Expansion of Democracy

  • Fearful of Combining Economic, Political Power


Big issue bank of the united states
Big Issue: Bank of the United States

  • Whigs: Provides Loans, Stability to Help Nation Grow

  • Democrats: Monster Bank that Concentrates Too Much Power


The development of domestic ideology1

The Development of Domestic Ideology

Middle-Class Women

and the Market Revolution



Before domestic ideology household family economy
BEFORE Domestic Ideology: Politics?Household Family Economy


Characteristics of household family economy
Characteristics Politics?of Household Family Economy

  • No division between home and work

  • Patriarchal (men controlled household, including children)

  • Women considered inferior to men in all respects


Around 1750 attitudes slowly began to change
Around 1750, Attitudes Slowly Began to Change Politics?

  • Influence of Enlightenment (Equality)


Around 1750 attitudes slowly began to change1
Around 1750, Attitudes Slowly Began to Change Politics?

  • Influence of Enlightenment (Equality)

  • Role of Women in Revolutionary War


Around 1750 attitudes slowly began to change2
Around 1750, Attitudes Slowly Began to Change Politics?

  • Influence of Enlightenment (Equality)

  • Role of Women in Revolutionary War

  • Falling Birthrates in Settled Areas


Domestic ideology and character of men women

Competitive, Ambitious Politics?

Analytical

Corruptible

Sphere: Economy and Politics (Public World)

Cooperative, Self-Sacrificing

Sentimental

Pious, Disinterested

Sphere: The Home (Private World)

Domestic Ideology and Character of Men, Women

MEN

WOMEN


Depicting differences between men and women
Depicting Differences between Politics?Men and Women



Market revolution solidified domestic ideology
Market Revolution Solidified Domestic Ideology Politics?

  • Division of labor changed; men worked outside of home

  • Domestic ideology made economic change less frightening!


Republicanism virtue and domestic ideology
Republicanism, Virtue, Politics?and Domestic Ideology


Domestic ideology helped calm fears about virtue
Domestic Ideology Helped Politics?Calm Fears about “Virtue”

  • Women could act as a moral counterweight to men.

  • Women could educate children about proper republican virtues.


Domestic ideology limited political and economic opportunities for women
Domestic Ideology Limited Political and Economic Opportunities for Women

  • Women could NOT participate in politics (no right to vote).

  • Married women could not hold jobs.


Which of the following is true about domestic ideology
Which of the Following is True about Domestic Ideology? Opportunities for Women

  • A. Glorified Women’s Work in the Home

  • B. Devalued Women’s Work in the Home

  • C. Both A and B (I haven’t done the reading and I’m hoping this is a trick question).


Under separate spheres women could not work
Under Separate Spheres, Women Could not Work Opportunities for Women

  • A. Yes-- the whole idea is that women are excluded from public life.

  • B. No—this is to easy and must be another trick question.


Some advantages for women in domestic ideology
Some Advantages for Women Opportunities for Womenin Domestic Ideology

  • Control of the Household


Some advantages for women in domestic ideology1
Some Advantages for Women Opportunities for Womenin Domestic Ideology

  • Control of the Household

  • Expanded Educational Opportunities


Some advantages for women in domestic ideology2
Some Advantages for Women Opportunities for Womenin Domestic Ideology

  • Control of the Household

  • Expanded Educational Opportunities

  • Interaction with Other Women: “Bonds of Womanhood”


Did domestic ideology describe reality for most women
Did Domestic Ideology Describe Reality for Most Women? Opportunities for Women

  • Yes, of course—it was the dominant middle-class way of thinking.

  • No—Most women were not middle class.


Did domestic ideology describe reality for most women1
Did Domestic Ideology Describe Reality Opportunities for Womenfor Most Women?

NO!!


Women excluded from domestic ideology
Women Excluded from Domestic Ideology Opportunities for Women

Northeast:

Farm Families,

Poor Women, and

Immigrants

West:

Most

Rural

Women

South:

Most White

Women and

All Slave Women


Yet domestic ideology still very important
Yet Domestic Ideology Still Very Important! Opportunities for Women

  • White Middle Class Grew Rapidly; Powerful in Politics, Economy

  • Domestic Ideology Dominated Culture and Literature

  • “Outsiders” Sometimes Sought Respectability through Domestic Ideology


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