Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths
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Epidemiology of Diving Accidents and Deaths. 2006 Report (2004 Data). Medical Services Volume. 120. 40. Dives. 35. 100. DCS. 30. DCS/10,000 dives. 80. 25. 60. 20. 15. 40. 10. 20. 5. 0. 0. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 00. 01. 02. 03. 04.

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Epidemiology of Diving Accidents and Deaths

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Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths

120

40

Dives

35

100

DCS

30

DCS/10,000 dives

80

25

60

20

15

40

10

20

5

0

0

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

Cumulative Project Dive Exploration Progress

DCS

Thousands


Annual record of dive injuries
Annual Record of Dive Injuries

Number of Cases

Year




Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths
Annual DCS Incidence Rates/10,000 Dives at Scapa Flow and in the Caribbean Among Divers Enrolled in PDE

DCS Per 10,000 Dives


Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths
Annual DCS Incidence Rates/10,000 Divers at Scapa Flow and in the Caribbean Among Divers Enrolled in Project Dive Exploration

DCS Per 10,000 Divers


Annual diving death incidence rates 100 000 divers for dan and bsac members
Annual Diving Death Incidence Rates/ 100,000 Divers for DAN and BSAC Members

Fatalities per 100,000 Members


Cumulative number of pde dives collected from 1995 2004
Cumulative Number of PDE Dives Collected from 1995-2004 and BSAC Members

N = 105,135

Dive Exposures

(Thousands)

Year


Contributors of pde data
Contributors of PDE Data and BSAC Members


Age and gender of divers
Age and Gender of Divers and BSAC Members

N = 1,521

Percentage of Divers

Age Group (Years)


Age distribution of pre teen and teenage divers
Age Distribution of Pre-teen and Teenage Divers and BSAC Members

N = 65

Frequency

Age (Years)


Percentage of 2004 pde volunteers by certification of divers and gender
Percentage of 2004 PDE Volunteers by Certification of Divers and Gender

Percent of Divers

N = 1,521



Chronic health conditions reported by pde volunteers
Chronic Health Conditions Reported by PDE Volunteers Certification

N = 1,521

Percent of PDE Divers


Acute health problems before diving reported by pde divers
Acute Health Problems Before Diving Reported by PDE Divers Certification

N = 1,521

Percent of PDE Divers


Percentage of the pde sample by dive platform
Percentage of the PDE Sample by Dive Platform Certification

N = 23,947

Percentage of PDE Dives


Subjective thermal comfort
Subjective Thermal Comfort Certification

N = 23,947

Percentage of PDE Dives



Percentage of pde sample reporting the indicated subjective workload
Percentage of PDE Sample Reporting the Indicated Subjective Workload

N = 23,912

Percentage of PDE Dives



Single repetitive and multi day dives
Single, Repetitive and Multi-day Dives Workload

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series


Number of days in dive series
Number of Days in Dive Series Workload

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Days Diving


Number of dives in dive series
Number of Dives in Dive Series Workload

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Number of Dives


Maximum depths of pde dives
Maximum Depths of PDE Dives Workload

16,512 Dives by Males

7,395 Dives by Females

Percentage of Dives

Depth (fsw)


Depth of deepest and last dive in pde dive series n 3 265
Depth of Deepest and Last Dive in PDE Dive Series (N = 3,265)

Percent of Dive Series

Depth (fsw)


Dive depth by day sequence in dive series
Dive Depth by Day Sequence in Dive Series 3,265)

N = 23,907

Mean Depth (fsw)

Dive Day Sequence


Distribution of dive depths among pde subgroups
Distribution of Dive Depths Among PDE Subgroups 3,265)

Percent of Dives

Depth (fsw)


Number of dives by dive planning method
Number of Dives by Dive Planning Method 3,265)

N = 23,912

Percentage of Dives




Percentage of pde divers reporting altitude exposure after diving
Percentage of PDE Divers Reporting Altitude Exposure After Diving

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Type of Altitude Exposure After Diving





International source of injury reports for 2004
International Source of Injury Reports for 2004 Diving

Percent of Injury Reports


Percentage of cases by reported diagnoses
Percentage of Cases by Reported Diagnoses Diving

N = 487

Source of Injury Reports

(%)


Confidence in dcs and age diagnoses
Confidence in DCS and AGE Diagnoses Diving

Diagnostic Confidence

(Percent of Group)


Diver age groups
Diver Age Groups Diving

Frequency of Age Group

Median Age of Group (Years)


Certification level
Certification Level Diving

Percent of Injured Divers






Number of symptoms per diver
Number of Symptoms Per Diver Diving

N = 264

Number of Reported

Symptoms

Number of Symptomatic Divers


Percent of reports by individual symptom
Percent of Reports by Individual Symptom Diving

N = 264

Percent of Symptom

Reports


Specific symptoms by frequency reports n 551
Specific Symptoms by Frequency Reports (N = 551) Diving

Number of Reported Symptoms


Location of specific symptoms by frequency of reports n 551
Location of Specific Symptoms by Frequency of Reports (N = 551)

Symptom Location

Number of Reported Symptoms


Location of specific symptoms by frequency of reports n 5511
Location of Specific Symptoms by Frequency of Reports (N = 551)

Symptom Location

Number of Reported Symptoms


Onset time of specific symptoms
Onset Time of Specific Symptoms 551)

Symptom Onset Time (hours)


Number of treatments per diver
Number of Treatments Per Diver 551)

Diagnostic Confidence


Recompression tables used
Recompression Tables Used 551)

N = 132

Number of Treatments







Regional distribution of fatalities in the u s
Regional Distribution of Fatalities in the U.S. 551)

N = 53

Number of Fatalities


Distribution of fatalities by age and gender
Distribution of Fatalities by Age and Gender 551)

Percent of Fatalities

Age (Years)


Classification of fatalities by bmi
Classification of Fatalities by BMI 551)

N = 49

Percent of Fatalities

BMI Classification


Certification of divers who died
Certification of Divers Who Died 551)

Percent of Fatalities

Certification


Number of years since initial certification of divers who died
Number of Years Since Initial Certification of Divers Who Died

N = 57

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Years Diving


Number of dives in 12 months prior to accident
Number of Dives in 12 Months Prior to Accident Died

N = 44

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Dives in Past 12 Months


Time between previous dive and fatal dive
Time Between Previous Dive and Fatal Dive Died

N = 40

Percent of Fatalities

Time Between Previous Dive and Fatal Dive


Month when diver deaths occurred
Month When Diver Deaths Occurred Died

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Month


Diving activity
Diving Activity Died

N = 55

Percent of Fatalities

Diving Activity


Dive platform
Dive Platform Died

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Platform


Maximum dive depth
Maximum Dive Depth Died

N = 59

Percent of Fatalities

Depth of Last Dive (fsw)


Breathing gear and gas for u s cases
Breathing Gear and Gas for U.S. Cases Died

N = 73

Percent of Fatalities


Distribution of fatalities by dive phase
Distribution of Fatalities by Dive Phase Died

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Phase



Cause of death
Cause of Death Died

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities


Disabling injury
Disabling Injury Died

N = 71

Percent of Fatalities


Disabling agents
Disabling Agents Died

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities


Initial triggering event
Initial Triggering Event Died

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities


Number of divers in party
Number of Divers in Party Died

N = 66

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Divers in Party


Number of divers in team
Number of Divers in Team Died

N = 66

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Team


Distribution of described primary activity for breath hold incident victims in 2004
Distribution (%) of Described Primary Activity for Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004

N = 22

Percent of Cases

Breath-Hold Activity


Age and gender distribution of breath hold incident victims in 2004 n 22
Age and Gender Distribution of Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004 (N = 22)

Number of Cases

Age (years)


Recovery depth of body by depth for fatal breath hold incident victims in 2004
Recovery Depth of Body by Depth for Fatal Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004

N = 14

Number of Cases

Recovery Depth (ft)


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