Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths
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Epidemiology of Diving Accidents and Deaths. 2006 Report (2004 Data). Medical Services Volume. 120. 40. Dives. 35. 100. DCS. 30. DCS/10,000 dives. 80. 25. 60. 20. 15. 40. 10. 20. 5. 0. 0. 95. 96. 97. 98. 99. 00. 01. 02. 03. 04.

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Epidemiology of Diving Accidents and Deaths

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Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths

Epidemiology of Diving Accidents and Deaths

2006 Report (2004 Data)


Medical services volume

Medical Services Volume


Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths

120

40

Dives

35

100

DCS

30

DCS/10,000 dives

80

25

60

20

15

40

10

20

5

0

0

95

96

97

98

99

00

01

02

03

04

Cumulative Project Dive Exploration Progress

DCS

Thousands


Annual record of dive injuries

Annual Record of Dive Injuries

Number of Cases

Year


Annual record of u s canadian diving fatalities

Annual Record of U.S. & Canadian Diving Fatalities

Number of Fatalities

Year


Annual record of u s canadian breath hold diving injuries

Annual Record of U.S. & Canadian Breath-hold Diving Injuries

Number of Cases

Year


Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths

Annual DCS Incidence Rates/10,000 Dives at Scapa Flow and in the Caribbean Among Divers Enrolled in PDE

DCS Per 10,000 Dives


Epidemiology of diving accidents and deaths

Annual DCS Incidence Rates/10,000 Divers at Scapa Flow and in the Caribbean Among Divers Enrolled in Project Dive Exploration

DCS Per 10,000 Divers


Annual diving death incidence rates 100 000 divers for dan and bsac members

Annual Diving Death Incidence Rates/ 100,000 Divers for DAN and BSAC Members

Fatalities per 100,000 Members


Cumulative number of pde dives collected from 1995 2004

Cumulative Number of PDE Dives Collected from 1995-2004

N = 105,135

Dive Exposures

(Thousands)

Year


Contributors of pde data

Contributors of PDE Data


Age and gender of divers

Age and Gender of Divers

N = 1,521

Percentage of Divers

Age Group (Years)


Age distribution of pre teen and teenage divers

Age Distribution of Pre-teen and Teenage Divers

N = 65

Frequency

Age (Years)


Percentage of 2004 pde volunteers by certification of divers and gender

Percentage of 2004 PDE Volunteers by Certification of Divers and Gender

Percent of Divers

N = 1,521


Percentage of pde volunteers by number of years since certification

Percentage of PDE Volunteers by Number of Years Since Certification


Chronic health conditions reported by pde volunteers

Chronic Health Conditions Reported by PDE Volunteers

N = 1,521

Percent of PDE Divers


Acute health problems before diving reported by pde divers

Acute Health Problems Before Diving Reported by PDE Divers

N = 1,521

Percent of PDE Divers


Percentage of the pde sample by dive platform

Percentage of the PDE Sample by Dive Platform

N = 23,947

Percentage of PDE Dives


Subjective thermal comfort

Subjective Thermal Comfort

N = 23,947

Percentage of PDE Dives


Reported thermal comfort in pde dive groups n 23 912

Reported Thermal Comfort in PDE Dive Groups (N = 23,912)


Percentage of pde sample reporting the indicated subjective workload

Percentage of PDE Sample Reporting the Indicated Subjective Workload

N = 23,912

Percentage of PDE Dives


Reported work rate in pde subgroups n 23 912

Reported Work Rate in PDE Subgroups (N = 23,912)


Single repetitive and multi day dives

Single, Repetitive and Multi-day Dives

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series


Number of days in dive series

Number of Days in Dive Series

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Days Diving


Number of dives in dive series

Number of Dives in Dive Series

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Number of Dives


Maximum depths of pde dives

Maximum Depths of PDE Dives

16,512 Dives by Males

7,395 Dives by Females

Percentage of Dives

Depth (fsw)


Depth of deepest and last dive in pde dive series n 3 265

Depth of Deepest and Last Dive in PDE Dive Series (N = 3,265)

Percent of Dive Series

Depth (fsw)


Dive depth by day sequence in dive series

Dive Depth by Day Sequence in Dive Series

N = 23,907

Mean Depth (fsw)

Dive Day Sequence


Distribution of dive depths among pde subgroups

Distribution of Dive Depths Among PDE Subgroups

Percent of Dives

Depth (fsw)


Number of dives by dive planning method

Number of Dives by Dive Planning Method

N = 23,912

Percentage of Dives


Dive planning method among pde subgroups

Dive Planning Method Among PDE Subgroups


Dives with decompression or safety stop in pde subgroups

Dives With Decompression or Safety Stop in PDE Subgroups


Percentage of pde divers reporting altitude exposure after diving

Percentage of PDE Divers Reporting Altitude Exposure After Diving

N = 3,265

Percentage of Dive Series

Type of Altitude Exposure After Diving


Summary of outcomes

Summary of Outcomes


Pde dives with reported procedural problems

PDE Dives With Reported Procedural Problems

Percentage of Dives


Pde dives with reported equipment problems n 439

PDE Dives with Reported Equipment Problems (N = 439)


International source of injury reports for 2004

International Source of Injury Reports for 2004

Percent of Injury Reports


Percentage of cases by reported diagnoses

Percentage of Cases by Reported Diagnoses

N = 487

Source of Injury Reports

(%)


Confidence in dcs and age diagnoses

Confidence in DCS and AGE Diagnoses

Diagnostic Confidence

(Percent of Group)


Diver age groups

Diver Age Groups

Frequency of Age Group

Median Age of Group (Years)


Certification level

Certification Level

Percent of Injured Divers


Omitted decompression and rapid ascent

Omitted Decompression and Rapid Ascent


Days of diving and dives in series

Days of Diving and Dives in Series


Maximum depth fsw of last dive by diagnosis

Maximum Depth (fsw) of Last Dive by Diagnosis


Maximum depth fsw of the last dive before injury by gender

Maximum Depth (fsw) of the Last Dive Before Injury by Gender


Number of symptoms per diver

Number of Symptoms Per Diver

N = 264

Number of Reported

Symptoms

Number of Symptomatic Divers


Percent of reports by individual symptom

Percent of Reports by Individual Symptom

N = 264

Percent of Symptom

Reports


Specific symptoms by frequency reports n 551

Specific Symptoms by Frequency Reports (N = 551)

Number of Reported Symptoms


Location of specific symptoms by frequency of reports n 551

Location of Specific Symptoms by Frequency of Reports (N = 551)

Symptom Location

Number of Reported Symptoms


Location of specific symptoms by frequency of reports n 5511

Location of Specific Symptoms by Frequency of Reports (N = 551)

Symptom Location

Number of Reported Symptoms


Onset time of specific symptoms

Onset Time of Specific Symptoms

Symptom Onset Time (hours)


Number of treatments per diver

Number of Treatments Per Diver

Diagnostic Confidence


Recompression tables used

Recompression Tables Used

N = 132

Number of Treatments


General outcome based on dirf data only n 173

General Outcome (based on DIRF data only; N = 173)

Percent of Cases


Specific outcomes

Specific Outcomes


1 frequency of diving deaths by country

1. Frequency of Diving Deaths by Country


2 frequency of diving deaths by country

2. Frequency of Diving Deaths by Country


3 frequency of diving deaths by country

3. Frequency of Diving Deaths by Country


Regional distribution of fatalities in the u s

Regional Distribution of Fatalities in the U.S.

N = 53

Number of Fatalities


Distribution of fatalities by age and gender

Distribution of Fatalities by Age and Gender

Percent of Fatalities

Age (Years)


Classification of fatalities by bmi

Classification of Fatalities by BMI

N = 49

Percent of Fatalities

BMI Classification


Certification of divers who died

Certification of Divers Who Died

Percent of Fatalities

Certification


Number of years since initial certification of divers who died

Number of Years Since Initial Certification of Divers Who Died

N = 57

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Years Diving


Number of dives in 12 months prior to accident

Number of Dives in 12 Months Prior to Accident

N = 44

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Dives in Past 12 Months


Time between previous dive and fatal dive

Time Between Previous Dive and Fatal Dive

N = 40

Percent of Fatalities

Time Between Previous Dive and Fatal Dive


Month when diver deaths occurred

Month When Diver Deaths Occurred

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Month


Diving activity

Diving Activity

N = 55

Percent of Fatalities

Diving Activity


Dive platform

Dive Platform

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Platform


Maximum dive depth

Maximum Dive Depth

N = 59

Percent of Fatalities

Depth of Last Dive (fsw)


Breathing gear and gas for u s cases

Breathing Gear and Gas for U.S. Cases

N = 73

Percent of Fatalities


Distribution of fatalities by dive phase

Distribution of Fatalities by Dive Phase

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Phase


Accidents by stage of dive

Accidents by Stage of Dive


Cause of death

Cause of Death

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities


Disabling injury

Disabling Injury

N = 71

Percent of Fatalities


Disabling agents

Disabling Agents

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities


Initial triggering event

Initial Triggering Event

N = 88

Percent of Fatalities


Number of divers in party

Number of Divers in Party

N = 66

Percent of Fatalities

Number of Divers in Party


Number of divers in team

Number of Divers in Team

N = 66

Percent of Fatalities

Dive Team


Distribution of described primary activity for breath hold incident victims in 2004

Distribution (%) of Described Primary Activity for Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004

N = 22

Percent of Cases

Breath-Hold Activity


Age and gender distribution of breath hold incident victims in 2004 n 22

Age and Gender Distribution of Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004 (N = 22)

Number of Cases

Age (years)


Recovery depth of body by depth for fatal breath hold incident victims in 2004

Recovery Depth of Body by Depth for Fatal Breath-hold Incident Victims in 2004

N = 14

Number of Cases

Recovery Depth (ft)


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