Coral Reef Monitoring
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Coral Reef Monitoring. What is a Coral?. Animal, vegetable or mineral?. Conservation of Coral Reefs. Monitoring is necessary to decrease the decline of reefs Coral reefs have a high biodiversity

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Coral Reef Monitoring

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Coral Reef Monitoring


What is a Coral?

Animal, vegetable or mineral?


Conservation of Coral Reefs

  • Monitoring is necessary to decrease the decline of reefs

  • Coral reefs have a high biodiversity

  • They provide a habitat for a wide variety of animals and plant species and are also a food source for many organisms

  • Protects coastlines


Studying coral reefs:

  • Compare difference in places where fish are collected to a place where they are not; look over time.

    • lots of different people collect data

    • community effort


Reef Check

A volunteer, community-based coral reef monitoring and education program that promotes coral reef conservation and preservation throughout the Main Hawaiian Islands.

http://www.reefcheckhawaii.org/


Location: Kaneohe, HI

Near the intersection of Kam. Hwy and Lulani St.


Location

Kaneohe, HI


Transect Belt Study

5m

5m

Snorkeler/diver swims down the transect line and counts abundance of orgs


Transect Belt Study


Quadrat

15

10

5

0

Snorkeler/diver swims down the transect line and every 5 meters counts % cover of species


Quadrat


Fish ID

  • Butterfly fish

  • Blueline Snapper

  • Jacks

  • Goatfish

  • Parrotfish

  • Trigger fish

  • Yellow Tang

  • Wrasses

  • Angelfish

  • Snapper

  • Morey eel

  • Orange spine unicorn fish

  • Peacock grouper


Butterfly fish


Blueline Snapper


Jacks/ Trevally


Goatfish


Parrotfish


Triggerfish


Yellow Tang


Wrasses


Angelfish


Snapper


Moray eel


Orange spine unicorn fish


Peacock grouper


Invert ID

Pencil Urchin

Diadema

Collector Urchin

Triton’s Trumpet

Banded Coral Shrimp

Lobster

Coweries

Crown-of-Thorns


Pencil urchin


Diadema


Collector Urchin


Triton’s Trumpet


Banded Coral shrimp


Lobster


Coweries


Crown-of-thorns


Coral ID

  • Substrate Codes

    • HC hard coral

    • SC soft coral

    • RKC recently killed coral

    • NIA nutrient indicator algae

    • SP sponge

    • RC rock

    • RB rubble

    • SD sand

    • SI silt/clay

    • OT other


Coral ID

  • Rice

  • Finger

  • Lobe

  • Mushroom

  • Cauliflower

Algae

Crustose, turf, invasive


Montipora capitata (Rice coral)


Pocillopora meandrina (Finger Coral)


Porites lobata (Lobe Coral)


Fungia scutaria (Mushroom Coral)


Pocillopora meandrina

(Cauliflower Coral)


Invasive Algae


Turf Algae


Crustose Algae

Pink and encrusting


Impacts

  • Coral Damage

  • Disease

  • Bleaching

  • Trash


Coral Damage

Boat/Anchor/Other


Coral Damage

Boat/Anchor/Other


Bleaching


Trash

  • Hooks

  • Fishing line and gear

  • Plastic bags

  • Six pack soda holder


Coral Disease

Black Band

White band


Why is coral reef monitoring and management necessary?

Pennekamp Reef, Key Largo, FL


  • Two ways to promote conservation:

  • monitoring

  • community-based management


What Can You Do to Protect Reefs?

  • Support reef-friendly businesses.

  • Don't pollute and encourage others to do the same.

  • Learn more about reefs and educate others with your knowledge.

  • Report dumping, poaching, and other illegal activities.

  • Never anchor directly on reefs.


What Can You Do to Protect Reefs?

  • Avoid overfishing and other destructive resource extraction methods.

  • Avoid touching the reef.

  • Encourage reef-friendly legislation.

  • Be a responsible aquarium owner.

  • Support conservation organizations, agencies, and programs.


What Can You Do to Protect Reefs?

  • Support the establishment of marine protected areas.

  • Promote responsible development.

  • Promote reef monitoring and basic research aimed at protecting coral reefs and their inhabitants.


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