John
Download
1 / 105

John - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 574 Views
  • Updated On :

John. Believing in Jesus for Eternal Life Jesus: The Son of God Written by Apostle John about 80-90 A.D. Key Verses 20:30-31 Myron G. Heavin. John – Occasion and Purpose. Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God Presenting 7 Messianic signs Universal Christian Faith

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'John' - daniel_millan


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Slide1 l.jpg

John

Believing in Jesus for Eternal Life

Jesus: The Son of God

Written by Apostle John about 80-90 A.D.

Key Verses 20:30-31

Myron G. Heavin


John occasion and purpose l.jpg
John – Occasion andPurpose

  • Jesus is the Messiah, the Son of God

    • Presenting 7 Messianic signs

  • Universal Christian Faith

    • Applying to Jews and non-Jews alike

    • The only way to God

  • Equip believers

    • For Mission

    • To share the good news with unbelievers


John themes l.jpg
John - Themes

  • Jesus as the preexistent, incarnate Word, the fully divine and human Messiah, the crucified and risen Savior of the world.

  • The Jewish rejection of Jesus the Messiah and the universal offer of salvation to everyone who believes

  • Believers’ need to follow Jesus through obedient, committed, and faithful discipleship, realizing through love and unity in the Christian community and dependence on the Holy Spirit


John interesting facts l.jpg
John – Interesting Facts

  • Immediate Audience

    • Mature Christians (80-90 A.D.)

    • Jews

    • Gentiles

  • Probably written in Ephesus

  • Written as if Jerusalem Temple not destroyed yet (70 A.D.) but perhaps later finalized and published (80-90 A.D.)


John about the author l.jpg
John – About the Author

  • Son of Zebedee and Solome (Mark 1:19)

  • Brother of James the Martyr (Acts 12:2)

  • Home town was Bethsaida where he worked as a fisherman

  • He knew the high priest (John 18:2)

  • Early disciple of John the Baptist

  • He wrote 5 New Testament Books

  • Most American and British commentators think John wrote the book. Most other Europeans do not think so.

  • Peter, James & John were part of Jesus inner circle

  • Possible cousin of Jesus.

  • Perhaps died 68 years after Jesus died.


John 3 characteristics of the trinity l.jpg
John – 3 Characteristics of the Trinity

  • Oneness of Jesus & The Father (10:30, 14:9-10)

  • Distinction between them (14:28, 17:1-5)

  • Unity of Purpose (5:17-18, 8:42)


John 3 characteristics of a disciple l.jpg
John – 3 Characteristics of a Disciple

  • That you abide in His word (8:31)

  • That you love one another (13:34-35)

  • That you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples (15:8)


John characteristics of l.jpg
John – Characteristics of

  • Jesus existed before time

  • The Word became flesh and dwelt among us

  • Much of Jesus ministry was in hostile Jerusalem

    • Matthew, Mark, and Luke emphasize Galilee

  • John contains no

    • Parables

    • Temptation in the wilderness

    • Suffering in the Garden of Gethsemane

  • In full command of trial & quite chatty on the cross

  • Deliberately chose to die


John new testament time line l.jpg
John – New TestamentTime Line

  • Anti-Jewish Upheaval AD 38-41 Alexandria , Palestine, Judea

  • 49 - 54 AD Claudius expels Jews from Rome

  • 49 AD Church struggles, meets about Jews & Gentiles

    • Acts 15, Gal. 2:1-15

  • 54 – 68 AD Nero becomes emperor, welcomes Jews back

    • Claudius poisoned by Nero’s Mother

    • Nero murdered Mother & possibly half-brother

    • Nero allows Jews back into Rome

  • 57 AD Paul writes Romans

  • 64 / 65 AD Rome burns – Nero blames Christians

  • 68 AD Siege in Jerusalem begins after Jewish rebellion

  • 70 AD Rome burns Jerusalem, temple destroyed

  • 80-90 AD John written (Arnold)


John 7 i am s l.jpg
John – 7I Am’s

  • I Am the Bread of Life (6:35, 48)

  • I Am the light of the world (8:12)

  • I Am the door (10:7,9)

  • I Am the good shepherd (10:11,14)

  • I Am the resurrection and the life (11:25)

  • I Am the way and the truth and the life (14:6)

  • I Am the true vine (15:1,5)


John simple outline l.jpg
John – Simple Outline

  • Prologue: Jesus Christ is the Word (1:1-18)

  • Public Ministry of the Son of God (1:19-12:50)

  • Private Ministry of the Son of God (13:1-21:25)


John basic outline gundry l.jpg
John – Basic Outline (Gundry)

  • Prologue: Jesus Christ is the Word (1:1-18)

  • Jesus Initial Ministry produces Faith (1:19-4:42)

  • Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47)

  • Jesus Flesh and Blood Gives Life (6)

  • Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)

  • Jesus Kindness Different from Authority (9-10:39)

  • Gift of Life thru Jesus Death (10:40-12:50)

  • Departure and Return of Jesus (13:1-20:29)

  • Conclusion and Theme Verses (20:30-31)

  • Epilogue and Final Authentication (21)


John jewish festivals l.jpg
John - Jewish Festivals

  • Sabbath Festival (John 5:1-47)

  • Passover Festival in Galilee (John 6:1-71)

  • Tabernacles Festival in Jerusalem (John 7-9)

  • Hanukkah Festival (John 10)

  • Seder (Passover Dinner) John 13-17


John 7 signs and discourses l.jpg
John – 7 Signs and Discourses



Prologue jesus christ is the word 1 1 18 l.jpg
Prologue: Jesus Christ is the Word (1:1-18)

  • In the beginning was the Word.

    • Reminds one of Colossians (1:16-17)

    • Reminds one of Genesis 1

    • Reminds one of wisdom in Proverbs (8:22-31)

    • Psalm 33:6, 9

  • His own (Jews) rejected Him (1:11)

    • They / we reject the only hope this world has

  • He gave rebirth as children of God to all that did believe in Him. (1:12)

  • And the Word became flesh (1:14)

    • Flesh is neither good nor bad



Slide18 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) Narrative (1:19-2:25)Testimony of John the Baptist (1:19-34)

  • John Baptized both Jews and Gentiles (cleansing)

  • Please list 13 titles for Jesus in 20-51

  • Jesus greater than John the Baptist

  • John was a “type of” but not Elijah (Malachi 4:5)


Slide19 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) Narrative (1:19-2:25)Ordination of Jesus as High Priest

  • Jesus as High Priest (Hebrews 8:1-3)

    • Had to be 30 years old

    • Had to be ordained by previous High Priest (John)

    • John’s Father, Zacharias, was the priest chosen to enter Holy of Holies (Luke 1:8-9)

  • John recognized Jesus as the one Spirit remained with

    • Spirit remaining never happened in Old Testament

    • The Holy Spirit remains with us when we believe in Jesus


Slide20 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) Narrative (1:19-2:25)Making of the first disciples (1:35-51)

  • Follows being installed as High Priest (Messiah)

  • Disciples make other disciples

  • Jesus sees disciples before they are called

    • Our calling comes from God, not from man.

  • Philip (Greek name) & Nathanial (Hebrew) brothers

    • Implies mixing of Greek and Hebrew cultures

  • Please list characteristics of disciples in 35-51


A theological view of john burge l.jpg
A Theological View of John (Burge)

  • Institutions in Judaism (Chapters 2-4)

    • A Wedding in Cana (2:1-12)

    • The Temple in Jerusalem (2:13-25)

    • A Rabbi in Jerusalem (3:1-21)

    • A well in Samaria (4:1-42)

  • Festivals in Judaism (Chapters 5-10)

    • Sabbath (5:1-47)

    • Passover (6:1-71)

    • Tabernacles (7:1-9:41)

    • Hanukkah (10:1-39)


Slide22 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) Narrative (1:19-2:25)1st Sign - Water into Wine in Cana (2:1-11)

  • Jesus convinced His disciples and they believed

  • Jesus new wine was better than the old Mosaic wine

  • Stone jars were for ritual purification

  • Wine could be a forerunner of Communion

  • Cana is a wedding feast (He married the Church?)

  • The first week could be forerunner of last week

  • Jesus dissociates Himself from His Mother

  • Jesus apparently had brothers & sisters (Mark 6:3)


Slide23 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42)Narrative (1:19-2:25)The Cleansing of the Temple (2:13-25)

  • Temple was used for ritual purification (same as Cana)

  • He cleansed temple just like He cleansed purification vessels

  • Jesus cleanses temple at start of His ministry and then at the end (Matt 21:12-13, Mark 11:15-17, Luke 19:45-46)

  • 3 Passovers in John (2:13, 6:4, 11:55) for 3+ year ministry

  • Jesus mentioned destroying and rebuilding temple – a common theme for that time (Ezekiel 40-46)

  • Sign of Jonah (Matt. 12:39-40, 16:4; Luke 11:29)

  • How similar are our religious institutions to the Temple?


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 narrative 1 19 2 25 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith(1:19-4:42) Narrative (1:19-2:25)



I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 the new birth 3 1 21 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) The New Birth (3:1-21)

  • No one can see the Kingdom of God unless he is born again (3:3)

    • Kingdom of God mentioned only here in John

    • Jesus equates Kingdom of God with eternal life

  • No one can enter the Kingdom of God unless he is born of water and the Spirit (3:5)

  • Only those born again can understand heavenly things (3:12)

  • Jesus must be lifted up so that those that believe in Him will have eternal life (3:15)


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 the new birth 3 1 2127 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) The New Birth (3:1-21)

  • Must be born again to enter Kingdom of God

  • General Revelation (Science)

    • Born of flesh is flesh

    • Mankind loves the darkness

    • What we can see, hear, measure, touch, reason

    • General revelation points to God

  • Special Revelation (Theology)

    • Born of Spirit is spirit

    • Senses spiritual matters

    • Loves the light

  • Born once - die twice, born twice - die once


Common christian maturity l.jpg
Common Christian Maturity

Sanctification

Moral

Principals

Theology

Science

Obey Laws

Fear

See Other

Viewpoints

My View


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 nicodemus 3 1 21 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) Nicodemus (3:1-21)

  • Only mentioned in Gospel of John

  • Representative of Judaism (3:10)

  • A member of ruling council (Sanhedrin)

  • Spoke up for Jesus during Festival of Tabernacles (7:50-52)

  • Helped Joseph of Arimathea at the burial (19:39)

  • No clear record Nicodemus ever believed


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 john the baptist 3 22 36 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) John The Baptist (3:22-36)

  • Jesus speaks the word of God (3:34)

  • Jesus has the Spirit without measure (3:34)

  • The Father loves the Son and has given Him all things in His hand

  • He who believes in Jesus has eternal life, He who does not believe in Him faces the wrath of God


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 the water of life 4 1 42 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) The Water of Life (4:1-42)

  • Encounter with Samarian woman

    • Samaritans were ½ Jewish and ½ Assyrian

    • Samarians were looked down upon by Israelites

    • Samaritans saw what the Israelites could not see

    • She was the first Christian missionary

  • Jesus describes Himself as giving living water

    • Water represents the Holy Spirit (7:38-39)

    • Old Testament water issues from God (Jer. 2:13, 17:13; Isa. 55:1, Ezek. 47:1-12, Song 4:15)

    • Water is common motif in John


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 the water of life 4 1 4232 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) The Water of Life (4:1-42)

  • God seeks worship anywhere – not just Jerusalem

  • Mt. Gerizim (this mountain)

    • Altar by Abraham (Gen 12:7) and Jacob (Gen. 33:20)

    • Blessing of Israelites (Deut. 11:29, 27:12)

    • Temple required to be built (Deut. 17:4ff)

    • Only one place for temple (in Torah) (Deut. 12:5)

    • Samaritans did not recognize 2 Chron. 6:6, Ps. 78:68)


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 the water of life 4 1 4233 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) The Water of Life (4:1-42)

  • Jesus Food

    • Disciples went into village to buy food

    • He did not get hungry (40 days temptation)

    • Is to do the will of the Father & accomplish His work

  • Fields ready for Harvest

    • Old Testament prophets had sown the seeds

    • New Believers will reap the harvest

    • Now comes the Samaritans from the village ready for harvesting

    • Interesting the 1st ones being harvested were not Jews


I jesus initial ministry produces faith 1 19 4 42 2 discourses 3 1 4 42 l.jpg
I. Jesus Initial Ministry Produces Faith (1:19-4:42) 2 Discourses (3:1-4:42)

  • 1st Discourse – The New Birth (3:1-36)

  • 2nd Discourse - The Water of Life (4:1-42)


Slide35 l.jpg
II. Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47) Narrative (4:43-5:9a)2nd Sign - Healing Nobleman’s Son (4:43-54)

  • Jesus is quite successful in reaching gentiles –

    • A prophet is not received in His own country (Jewish people)

  • Healing from afar

    • Also healing after coming out of Judea

  • Purpose of the sign is to elicit faith

  • Gentile believer

  • 2nd & 3rd signs performed in Galilee (not Judea)


Slide36 l.jpg
II. Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47) Section Chiasm Summary (John 2-5)New Covenant better than Mosaic Covenant

  • Jesus works a miracle in Cana (1st Sign - Water into Wine)

    • Jesus cleanses the temple in Jerusalem

      • Jesus tells Nicodemus about being born of water & Spirit

        • Man is born from below with earthly truths

        • You must be (spiritually) born again

        • Jesus came from above with spiritual truths

      • Jesus speaks to Samaritan woman of water and the Spirit

    • Jesus tells Samaritan woman, “You can worship anywhere”

  • Jesus works a miracle in Cana (2nd Sign – healing from afar)


Ii jesus authority of his word 4 43 5 47 section chiasm summary john 2 5 l.jpg
II. Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47) Section Chiasm Summary (John 2-5)

  • We must believe in Jesus to be born anew and be surrounded by the Holy Spirit. This should lead us to worship. Lastly we know Jesus is God because this verified by the miraculous signs written in the Word of God.

  • Jesus new covenant fulfills and is better than the old (Mosaic Covenant)


Ii jesus authority of his word 4 43 5 47 jewish festivals 5 10 l.jpg
II. Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47) Jewish Festivals (5-10)

  • The Sabbath Festival (5)

    • Sets the tone for all of the festivals

  • The Passover Festival (6)

  • The Tabernacles Festival (7-9)

    • Case Study: A Blind Man and “Light” (9)

  • The Hanukkah Festival in Jerusalem (10)


Slide39 l.jpg
II. Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47) Narrative (4:43-5:9a)3rdSign-Healing Lame Man on Sabbath(5:1-9a)

  • Healing on Sabbath

    • Broke an oral law, not the Mosaic Covenant (4th commandment (Exodus 20:9-11)

    • A practical teaching by Jesus on water and the spirit

  • Jesus and God both work on the Sabbath (5:17)

  • They sought to kill Jesus because: (5:18)

    • He was breaking the Sabbath oral law

    • He was calling God his own Father making himself equal to God


Ii jesus authority of his word 4 43 5 47 3 rd discourse 5 9b 47 jesus the son of god 5 19 30 l.jpg
II. Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47) 3rd Discourse (5:9b – 47)Jesus the Son of God (5:19-30)

  • He who honors the Son honors the Father, he who does not honor the Son does not honor the Father who sent Me

  • Jesus is sovereign over life(5:21) and judgment (5:22)

  • He who hears My word, and believes in the Father avoids judgment and has eternal life (5:24)

  • I can do nothing of my own initiative (5:30)

  • God raises the dead and gives them everlasting life (5:21)

  • 2 Resurrections – everlasting life & judgment


Ii jesus authority of his word 4 43 5 47 3 rd discourse 5 9b 47 5 witnesses of jesus deut 17 6 l.jpg
II. Jesus Authority of His Word (4:43-5:47) 3rd Discourse (5:9b – 47)5 Witnesses of Jesus (Deut. 17:6)

  • God (thru John) (5:32)

  • John (5:33-35)

  • Works (5:36)

    • Signs coming from the Father pointing to the cross

  • Scriptures (39-40)

    • Scripture cannot save you – only Jesus can save you

  • Moses (5:46-47)

    • Moses wrote about Him (& other prophets) (Deut 18:15)


Iii jesus flesh blood gives life 6 4 th sign feeding the multitude galilee 6 1 15 l.jpg
III. Jesus Flesh & Blood Gives Life (6)4th Sign - Feeding the Multitude (Galilee) (6:1-15)

  • Practical Passover teaching about bread

  • Reminds them how God led Israelites out of bondage in Egypt into the promised land

  • Barley is the bread of the poor in those days

  • Jesus is the new Elijah (of the Passover)

  • Jesus escaped from the crowd ready to crown him king



Iii jesus flesh blood gives life 6 5 th sign walking on the water galilee 6 16 21 l.jpg
III. Jesus Flesh & Blood Gives Life (6)5th Sign - Walking on the Water (Galilee) (6:16-21)

  • Practical Teaching about who Jesus is

  • Reminds them of how God led them thru the water coming out of Egypt (Ex. 13-15)

  • Psalm 77:16, 19-20

  • Psalm 107:25-30




Iii jesus flesh blood gives life 6 1 st i am i am the bread of life 6 35 48 l.jpg
III. Jesus Flesh & Blood Gives Life (6)1st I AM - I Am the Bread of Life (6:35; 48)

  • 4th Discourse - The Bread of Life (6:22-71)

    • Moses gave them bread in the desert and they died

    • Jesus gives us true bread leading to eternal life and we will never go hungry

    • He who believes in me will never be thirsty (Holy Spirit)

    • Jesus gives us spiritual teachings


Iii jesus flesh blood gives life 6 1 st i am i am the bread of life 6 35 4848 l.jpg
III. Jesus Flesh & Blood Gives Life (6)1st I AM - I Am the Bread of Life (6:35; 48)

  • 4th Discourse - The Bread of Life (6:22-71)

    • You must eat the flesh of Jesus (believe in Him)

      • The one who eats the flesh of Jesus and drinks His blood remains in Me and I in Him

      • This only happens once (Greek aorist tense)

      • Feasting on His words is eating His body

      • He who feeds on Me will live forever

      • “This Bread is my flesh” is not in the Last Supper in John

      • Jesus chose them (us) – they later chose Him


Iii jesus flesh blood gives life 6 1 st i am i am the bread of life 6 35 4849 l.jpg
III. Jesus Flesh & Blood Gives Life (6)1st I AM - I Am the Bread of Life (6:35; 48)


Iii jesus flesh blood gives life 6 1 st i am i am the bread of life 6 35 4850 l.jpg
III. Jesus Flesh & Blood Gives Life (6)1st I AM - I Am the Bread of Life (6:35; 48)


Festival of booths sukkot l.jpg
Festival of Booths Sukkot

Jewish Year 5767 : sunset October 6, 2006 - sunset October 13, 2006

Jewish Year 5768 : sunset September 26, 2007 - sunset October 3, 2007

  • The word "Sukkot" means "booths," and refers to the temporary dwellings that we are commanded to live in during this holiday in memory of the period of wandering. The Hebrew pronunciation of Sukkot is "Sue COAT," but is often pronounced as in Yiddish, to rhyme with "BOOK us." The name of the holiday is frequently translated "Feast of Tabernacles," which, like many translations of Jewish terms, isn't very useful. This translation is particularly misleading, because the word "tabernacle" in the Bible refers to the portable Sanctuary in the desert, a precursor to the Temple, called in Hebrew "mishkan." The Hebrew word "sukkah" (plural: "sukkot") refers to the temporary booths that people lived in, not to the Tabernacle.

  • Sukkot lasts for seven days. The two days following the festival, Shemini Atzeret and Simchat Torah, are separate holidays but are related to Sukkot and are commonly thought of as part of Sukkot.


Festival of booths sukkot52 l.jpg
Festival of Booths Sukkot

  • This is also why Sukkot is known as hag-ha-asif, the festival of ingathering. The Torah says:

  • You shall celebrate the festival of ingathering, at the end of the year, when you gather in your labors out of the field. (Exodus 23:16)

  • In addition, because of its strong agricultural elements, some scholars believe that the current custom of building your own sukkah stems from the harvest when workers would live in temporary huts in fields. They argue that our sukkot with their open roofs bear more resemblance to the harvester's huts than they do with the dwellings the Jews lived in the desert.

  • Sukkot is a happy holiday.  In biblical times, Sukkot was considered to be the most important festival. It was actually referred to as ha-chag, the festival, (Kings 12:32).  King Solomon chose Sukkot as the holiday during which he consecrated the first temple. It was also the occasion every seven years for the ceremony hak'heil, the public reading of the Torah before the whole people (Deuteronomy 31:10-13). Sukkot is also said to be the festival of the future, when in the messianic period, all nations will come to Jerusalem and celebrate.





Iv jesus light divides people life or death 7 8 5 th discourse at festival of booths l.jpg
IV. Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)5thDiscourse at Festival of Booths

  • 5th Discourse - Life-Giving Spirit (7:1-52)

    • The Beginning of the Festival (7:1-13)

      • Jesus had just healed on the Sabbath

      • The people were divided concerning Him

      • The people were afraid of the Jews (authorities) and whispered (grumbled)


Iv jesus light divides people life or death 7 8 5 th discourse life giving spirit 7 1 32 l.jpg
IV. Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)5thDiscourse – Life Giving Spirit (7:1-32)

  • The Middle of the Festival (7:14-36)

    • Scene 1 Where did Jesus go to school (7:15)? God

      • He did not have apostolic authority (from Moses)

      • He got his authority from God (a Messianic claim)

      • Those that break the law should not judge

    • Scene 2 Where is this man from (7:25-27)? God

      • Jesus was sent from above and speaks the words of the Father

      • Jews cannot comprehend because they do not know God

      • Crowd is divided

    • Scene 3 Where is this man going (7:32-36)? God

      • Jesus will soon depart, a “going away” to return to the Father

      • Jewish leaders make fun of his “going to the gentiles”


Slide58 l.jpg
IV. Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)5thDiscourse – Life Giving Spirit (7:1-32)The Last Day of the Festival (7:37-52)

  • Last day of festival had water ceremony performed 7 times

  • Water was a powerful symbol at this festival at many levels

  • “If anyone is thirsty, let him come to Me and drink”

  • Jesus provides living water (the Holy Spirit)

  • Huge debate on whether living water comes from Jesus or the believer

  • Pharisees say crowd does not know the law (of Moses)

  • Pharisees demonstrated lack of knowledge of the Law

    • Jesus was from Bethlehem – not Galilee

    • Prophets Jonah and Nahum were from Galilee

  • An alternate manuscript suggests “The Prophet does not come from Galilee

  • Jesus did not answer because He really was from above


Iv jesus light divides people life or death 7 8 5 th discourse at festival of booths59 l.jpg
IV. Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)5thDiscourse at Festival of Booths

  • The Woman Caught in Adultery (7:53-8:12)

    • This passage is not in the original (oldest) manuscripts

      • Scholarly opinion is almost unanimous this passage is foreign to John, interrupts the flow of thought, and John did not write it

    • Jewish Law was broken

      • Two witnesses required to speak up but they remained silent

      • While men were to be stoned to death, women were to be strangled

      • The man was set free

      • They wanted to trap Jesus publicly, for her trial could have been private

      • Jesus concluded by asserting His authority to forgive sins


Iv jesus light divides people life or death 7 8 5 th discourse at festival of booths60 l.jpg
IV. Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)5thDiscourse at Festival of Booths

  • The Woman Caught in Adultery (7:53-8:12)

    • Karla Faye Tucker (Texas) and her boyfriend killed a man

      • She went to jail, became a Christian, and married prison chaplain

      • She was executed 6 years later – no forgiveness by Governor Bush


Iv jesus light divides people life or death 7 8 6 th discourse at festival of booths l.jpg
IV. Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)6thDiscourse at Festival of Booths

  • 2nd I AM - I Am the light of the world (8:12)

  • I am the Light of the World (8:12-20)

    • Fantastic light ceremony each year at Booths

    • Jesus is the true light of the world

    • He has 2 witnesses: God & Himself -like adulterous woman

  • I am going away (8:21-30)

    • Jesus is from above and will soon be lifted up (return to Heaven)

    • Unsaved Believers cannot understand this


John 3 characteristics of a disciple62 l.jpg
John – 3 Characteristics of a Disciple

  • That you abide in His word (8:31)

    • “And you will know the truth and the truth shall set you free”

    • Believers can know the truth because they are not blinded by sin

  • That you love one another (13:34-35)

  • That you bear much fruit and so prove to be my disciples (15:8)


Iv jesus light divides people life or death 7 8 6 th discourse at festival of booths63 l.jpg
IV. Jesus Light Divides People - Life or Death (7,8)6thDiscourse at Festival of Booths

  • 2nd I AM - I Am the light of the world (8:12)

  • Spiritual Ancestry (8:31-59)

    • Some believe but most cannot understand what He says

    • Truth brings freedom, not racial heritage

    • The priests represent their father, the devil

    • The people are captive because they are slaves to sin (devil)

    • People can only be slaves either of Christ or the devil

    • Abraham is alive today and glad to see the Messiah

    • “Before Abraham was born, I am” (Chapter climax)


Pool of siloam l.jpg
Pool of Siloam

  • This pool supplied water for all Jerusalem thru Hezekiah’s tunnel

  • During a siege, Jerusalem always had water.

  • Jesus is now provides living water



V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 39 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority (9-10:39)

  • Narrative - 6th Sign - Healing man born blind (9:1-41)

  • Healing of the Blind Man (9:1-7)

    • We are not sick because we have sinned

      • Retribution principal

    • Most never “saw” the blind man – they walked right by

    • Jesus “saw” the blind man

    • We too need to “see” those around us

    • Nobody knew who Jesus was at, not even the one healed


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 3968 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority (9-10:39)

  • Narrative - 6th Sign - Healing man born blind (9:1-41)

  • Healing of the Blind Man (9:1-7)

    • Practical demonstration of Jesus as the Light of the world

    • Messianic miracle to heal a man born blind from birth

    • The water in the pool used for Booths water ceremony

    • Jesus was “sent” – the pool was named “sent”

    • Jesus healed blind men (His trademark so to speak) in

      • Matt 9:27-31; 11:5; 21:14; Mark 8:22-36; Luke 4:17; 7:22;

      • Then they follow Jesus to be delivered from suffering


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 3969 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority (9-10:39)

  • Narrative - 6th Sign - Healing man born blind (9:1-41)

  • Interrogation (9:8-34)

    • Everyone at the festival saw the miracle

    • He was interrogated by:

      • Neighbors (9:8-13) – was this the one healed?

      • Pharisees (9:14-17) – did Jesus violate the Sabbath?

      • The man’s parents (9:18-23) – fearful of the leaders

      • The formerly blind man (again) (9:24-29)

        • Since God does not listen to sinners and

        • Since God listened to Jesus and God restored his sight

        • Therefore Jesus cannot be a sinner.

    • Followers of Moses is at heart of the later Church / Jews split


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 3970 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority (9-10:39)

  • Narrative - 6th Sign - Healing man born blind (9:1-41)

  • Spiritual Blindness (9:35-41)

    • The man once blind can now see spiritually

    • The accusers think that sickness is caused by sin

    • The accusers are now judged by Jesus

    • The accusers reveal their spiritual blindness

  • 2nd I AM - I Am the light of the world (8:12)


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 39 feast of dedication hanukkah l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority (9-10:39)Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah)

  • 7th Discourse - Good Shepherd (10:1-42)

  • Where does 10:1-21 belong?

    • Festival not mentioned till verse 21 and discussion mentions the blind man again

    • Subject matter consistent with rest of Chapter 10 and it appears to be the same crowd

  • There is a literary unity between chapter 9 & 10

  • This is the only reference to Hanukkah in our Bible

    • Maccabaean revolt was against corrupt Greek and Jewish leaders

    • Temple was rededicated after revolt

    • Hanukkah was an 8 day celebration about failed leadership and false teachers


Http www historychannel com exhibits holidays hanukkah history html l.jpg
http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html

  • Hanukkah is celebrated for eight days and nights, starting on the 25th of Kislev on the Hebrew calendar (which is November-December on the Gregorian calendar). In Hebrew, the word "Hanukkah" means "dedication." The holiday commemorates the rededication of the holy Temple in Jerusalem after the Jews' 165 B.C.E. victory over the Hellenist Syrians. Antiochus, the Greek King of Syria, outlawed Jewish rituals and ordered the Jews to worship Greek gods.

  • In 168 B.C.E. the Jews' holy Temple was seized and dedicated to the worship of Zeus.

  • Some Jews were afraid of the Greek soldiers and obeyed them, but most were angry and decided to fight back.


Slide74 l.jpg

. http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html

  • The fighting began in Modiin, a village not far from Jerusalem. A Greek officer and soldiers assembled the villagers, asking them to bow to an idol and eat the flesh of a pig, activities forbidden to Jews. The officer asked Mattathias, a Jewish High Priest, to take part in the ceremony. He refused, and another villager stepped forward and offered to do it instead. Mattathias became outraged, took out his sword and killed the man, then killed the officer. His five sons and the other villagers then attacked and killed the soldiers. Mattathias' family went into hiding in the nearby mountains, where many other Jews who wanted to fight the Greeks joined them. They attacked the Greek soldiers whenever possible.

  • About a year after the rebellion started, Mattathias died. Before his death, he put his brave son Judah Maccabee in charge of the growing army. After three years of fighting, the Jews defeated the Greek army, despite having fewer men and weapons.


Http www historychannel com exhibits holidays hanukkah history html75 l.jpg
http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html

  • Judah Maccabee and his soldiers went to the holy Temple, and were saddened that many things were missing or broken, including the golden menorah. They cleaned and repaired the Temple, and when they were finished, they decided to have a big dedication ceremony. For the celebration, the Maccabees wanted to light the menorah. They looked everywhere for oil, and found a small flask that contained only enough oil to light the menorah for one day. Miraculously, the oil lasted for eight days. This gave them enough time to obtain new oil to keep the menorah lit. Today Jews celebrate Hanukkah for eight days by lighting candles in a menorah every night, thus commemorating the eight-day miracle.


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 39 feast of dedication hanukkah76 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(9-10:39)Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah)

  • 7th Discourse - Good Shepherd (10:1-42)

  • Last public discourse of Jesus

  • The Good Shepherd (10:1-18)

    • Note Isaiah 40:10-11, 56-9-12; Jer. 23:1-4, 25:32-38; Ezek. 34; Zech. 11

    • Moses and David were good Shepherds

    • Impious kings in Israel were false Shepherds (1 Kings 22:17; Jer. 10:21, 23:1-2)

    • Greek culture and Gods had infiltrated Jewish Society


The sheep follow the shepherd l.jpg
The Sheep Follow the Shepherdhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html


Sheepfold in israel the sheep enter by the gate l.jpg
Sheepfold in Israelhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlThe sheep enter by the gate


Circular ancient sheepfold l.jpg
Circular Ancient Sheepfoldhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 39 feast of dedication hanukkah80 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(9-10:39)Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah)

  • 7th Discourse - Good Shepherd (10:1-42)

  • The Good Shepherd (10:1-18)

    • Unique story – not a parable and not an analogy

    • Jesus seems both a shepherd and a door (unique to John)

    • The Good Shepherd will die for His sheep (main point)

    • He has authority to lay down His life and to take it up again

  • 3rd I AM - I Am the door (10:7,9)

  • 4th I AM - I Am the good shepherd (10:11,14)

    • Jesus has other sheep not of this fold (Gentiles)

      • This seems to be an urgent task


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 39 feast of dedication hanukkah81 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(9-10:39)Feast of Dedication (Hanukkah)

  • 7th Discourse - Good Shepherd (10:1-42)

  • The Reaction of the Crowd (10:19-21)

    • The crowd of Jew( People and leaders) is divided

    • Some openly reject Him

      • Each time “demon” mentioned in John, it refers to Jesus

    • Others do not find Him a demon (far from acceptance)

    • A few truly accept Him


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 39 7 th discourse good shepherd 10 1 42 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(9-10:39) 7th Discourse - Good Shepherd (10:1-42)

  • The Controversy Intensifies (10:22-42)

    • Jesus uses restraint when He talks to Jewish Leaders

    • Only His followers can understand Him and hear Him say He is Messiah (due to unbelief)

    • Faith, Eternal Life, and Security are gifts from God

    • Believers are greater than anything else on earth and this world cannot overtake them (29)

    • There is oneness in essence and nature between Jesus & God (30)

      • The Greek text says not one person but one essential unity

      • Father is in me, and I am in the Father (38)


V jesus kindness different from authority 9 10 39 7 th discourse good shepherd 10 1 4283 l.jpg
V. Jesus Kindness Different from Authority http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(9-10:39) 7th Discourse - Good Shepherd (10:1-42)

  • The Controversy Intensifies (10:22-42) (Continued)

    • The Jews misunderstand and seek to kill Him due to blasphemy

    • Jesus responds by quoting Psalm 82:5-7

  • Psalm 82

    • God will judge the world

    • Those appointed on earth (sons of God) have neglected the weak & needy, have judged unfairly, & show partiality

    • God come quickly to judge!


Vi gift of life thru jesus death 10 40 12 50 l.jpg
VI. Gift of Life thru Jesus Death http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(10:40-12:50)

  • Many believed in Jesus

    • (Beyond the Jordan

  • John the Baptist starts & ends Jesus public ministry

    • These things start (1:19-28) and end (10:41-42) in Bethany

    • Chapters 11 and 12 are about life and death

    • Pattern of Sign – Narrative now reversed for first time


Vi gift of life thru jesus death 10 40 12 50 7 th sign raising of lazarus 11 1 57 l.jpg
VI. Gift of Life thru Jesus Death http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(10:40-12:50)7th Sign - Raising of Lazarus (11:1-57)

  • The Death of Lazarus (11:1-16)

    • Jesus is teaching by example

    • Lazarus dead before Jesus told

    • Some ancients believed the soul lingered for 3 days over a dead body

    • Lazarus clearly dead for 4 days before Jesus arrives

    • His resurrection, 2 miles from Jerusalem, was the “hook” that drove the Jewish authorities to decree His death

    • Lazarus rose on the Sabbath

    • Lazarus was the “seventh sign”, the sign of perfection


Lazarus tomb l.jpg
Lazarus Tombhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html


Vi gift of life thru jesus death 10 40 12 50 7 th sign raising of lazarus 11 1 5787 l.jpg
VI. Gift of Life thru Jesus Death http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(10:40-12:50)7th Sign - Raising of Lazarus (11:1-57)

  • Jesus Comes to Bethany (11:17-37)

    • Jesus wept quietly, not like the loud wailing of those around Him

    • Jesus could not have been upset with the death since He was about to resurrect Lazarus

    • Jesus upset and weeps over Believers wrong death understandings

    • The Jews misunderstood why He wept

    • Some people believe ideally no earthly death – wrong!


Vi gift of life thru jesus death 10 40 12 50 7 th sign raising of lazarus 11 1 5788 l.jpg
VI. Gift of Life thru Jesus Death http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(10:40-12:50)7th Sign - Raising of Lazarus (11:1-57)

  • 5th I AM - I Am the resurrection and the life(11:25)

  • Lazarus is Raised to Life (11:38-44)

    • Luke 16:19-31 account of raising the dead not convincing to those that do not believe

    • The results of miracles are always division

    • Only believers will see the glory of God (40)

    • The unbelievers told the authorities about the raising of Lazarus – an act of hostility

  • Likewise Jesus will be raised to new life


Vi gift of life thru jesus death 10 40 12 50 the sanhedrin plot to kill jesus 11 45 57 l.jpg
VI. Gift of Life thru Jesus Death http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(10:40-12:50) The Sanhedrin Plot to Kill Jesus (11:45-57)

  • Perhaps the real trial of Jesus took place at this time

    • In John, there was no Roman trials, just Pilate trials

    • Concerned that Jesus would cost them their jobs and bring about direct Roman rule

    • Miracle evidence only increases hostility of unbelievers

  • Every player said things at one level that was true also at a deeper level

    • “One man must die for the sake of the nation”

    • “gather together into one the children of God scattered abroad.”

    • “Let us go that we might die with Him”


Vi gift of life thru jesus death 10 40 12 5090 l.jpg
VI. Gift of Life thru Jesus Death http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(10:40-12:50)

  • Narrative (10:40-12:19)

    • The Anointing of Jesus by Mary (12:1-11)

    • The Triumphal Entry (12:12-19)

  • Discourse – The grain of wheat dies & springs to fruitful life (12:20-50)


John simple outline91 l.jpg
John – http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlSimple Outline

  • Prologue: Jesus Christ is the Word (1:1-18)

  • Public Ministry of the Son of God (1:19-12:50) (Book of Signs)

  • Private Ministry of the Son of God (13:1-21:25) (Book of Glory)


Vi gift of life thru jesus death map of old jerusalem l.jpg
VI. Gift of Life thru Jesus Death http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlMap of Old Jerusalem


Vii departure return of jesus 13 1 20 29 passover discussion l.jpg
VII. Departure & Return of Jesus http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(13:1-20:29)– Passover Discussion

  • Several Passover Characteristics

    • Foot Washing (Ceremonial Cleansing)

    • Dipping of Morsels

    • Matthew, Mark, and Luke give more details

    • Passover was a week-long celebration

  • Day of Sabbath Preparation

  • Jesus was the sacrificial Passover Lamb


Vii departure return of jesus 13 1 20 29 the farewell discourses l.jpg
VII. Departure & Return of Jesus http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(13:1-20:29)– The Farewell Discourses

  • Foot Washing (13:1-20)

    • Ceremonial washing part of Passover (Seder)

    • Announcement of Judas Betrayal (13:21-30)

  • The Disciples Questions (13:34-14:31)

  • 6th I AM - I Am the way and the truth and the life (14:6)

  • 7th I AM - I Am the true vine (15:1,5)

  • The True Vine (15:1-16)

  • Persecution (15:17-25)


John characteristics of the spirit l.jpg
John – http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlCharacteristics of the Spirit

  • Dove (Spirit) lit on and remained with Jesus (1:32-33)

  • Jesus had Spirit without measure (3:34)

  • Source of living water (4:10)

  • Living water flows from Jesus (7:37-39)

  • Release dependent on Jesus death (16:7)

  • Water (and blood) flow from Jesus on cross (19:34)

  • Spirit promised for Believers (3:1-10)

  • Samarian woman seeks water, given living water (4:15) later identified as the Spirit (7:37-38)

  • Spirit described in farewell discourse (14-16)

  • Spirit given to disciples Easter Sunday (20:23)


Vii departure return of jesus 13 1 20 29 the farewell discourses96 l.jpg
VII. Departure & Return of Jesus http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(13:1-20:29) – The Farewell Discourses

  • Work of the Holy Spirit (15:26-16:15)

  • Some Difficulties Solved (16:16-33)

  • High Priestly Prayer of Jesus (17:1-26)

    • The longest recorded prayer of Jesus in the Bible


Vii departure return of jesus who was l.jpg
VII. Departure & Return of Jesus http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlWho Was?

  • Annas : High Priest at time of John the Baptist

    • deposed in 15 AD by Gratus

    • Questioned Peter in Acts 4:6

  • Caiaphas : High Priest during crucifixion

    • son-in-law of Annas, appointed about 18 - removed AD 36

  • Pontius Pilate : Cruel Roman Governor of Judea

    • tried to destroy Jews as did his predecessors.

    • His “king of the Jews” was mocking all of them.

  • Herod Antipas : Cruel Ruler of Judea from a cruel family.


Last week jesus is messiah the six friday morning trials of jesus l.jpg
Last Week – Jesus is Messiah http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlThe Six Friday Morning Trials of Jesus

  • Blasphemy (Jewish religious charge)

    • Annas House (John 18:13-24)

    • Caiaphas House (26:57-68, Mark 14:53-65, Luke 22:54)

    • Sanhedrin (17:1, Mark 15:1a, Luke 22:66-71)

      • (Failed to find two witnesses that agreed to put Jesus to death)

  • Sedition (Roman civil charge)

    • Pilate (27:2, 11-14, Luke 23:1-5, John 18:28-38)

    • Herod Antipas (Luke 23:1-6)

    • Pilate (27:15-26, John 18:39-19:16)

  • After 3 Jewish and 3 Roman trials – Not Guilty

  • Jesus reveals Messiahship during these trials


Last week jesus is messiah the last week l.jpg
Last Week – Jesus is Messiahhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.htmlThe Last Week

  • Sunday – Triumphal entry

  • Monday – Jesus cleanses the temple

  • Tuesday – Authority questioned, teaches, anointed at Bethany

  • Wednesday – Plot against Jesus

  • Thursday – The Last Supper, Gethsemane

  • Friday – Jesus crucifixion – temple destroyed

  • Sunday – Resurrection – the temple rebuilt


Vii departure return of jesus 7 chiasm 18 28 19 16 l.jpg
VII. Departure & Return of Jesus http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html“7” Chiasm (18:28-19:16)

  • Outside Pilate’s Chamber – Passover (18:28-32)

    • God controls Pilate, Jesus - inside (18:33-38a)

      • Pilate finds no crime in Him – outside (18:38b-40)

        • Jesus Flogged (19:1-3)

        • Jesus Crowned

        • JESUS ARRAYED IN A ROYAL ROBE

        • Jesus Hailed as King

        • Jesus Struck

      • Pilate finds no crime in Him – outside (19:4-8)

    • God controls Pilate, Jesus - inside (19:9-10)

  • Outside Pilate’s Chamber - Passover (19:12-16)


Vii departure return of jesus 13 1 20 29 narrative 18 1 20 29 l.jpg
VII. Departure & Return of Jesus http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html(13:1-20:29)Narrative (18:1-20:29)

  • The Arrest of Jesus (18:1-11)

  • Hearings before Annas & Caiaphas with Peter’s denials (18:12-27)

  • The Hearing before Pilate (18:28-19-16)

  • The Crucifixion & burial (19:17-42)

  • The Empty Tomb & resurrection appearances (20:1-29)


Conclusion theme verses 20 30 31 l.jpg
Conclusion & Theme Verses (20:30-31)http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html

  • Conclusion : The purpose of the 4th gospel to evoke life-bringing faith in Jesus as the Christ, the Son of God (20:1-29)

  • Epilogue (21:1-25)

    • Narrative (21:1-14)

    • Discourse – the recommission of Peter (21:15-23)

    • 3 Denials – 3 “Do you love me”

    • Charcoal fires both during denials and recommission

  • Final Authentication (21:24-25)


Bibliography l.jpg
Bibliographyhttp://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html

  • Gundry, Robert H. A Survey of the New Testament. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2003.

  • Holman Bible Dictionary. Nashville: Holman Bible Publishers, 1991.

  • Martinez, Ted. Talbot New Testament Survey Lectures, Talbot Theological Seminary, Summer 2003.

  • Thomas, Robert L. and Stanley N. Gundry. A Harmony of the Gospels. Chicago: Moody Press, 1991.

  • Burge, Gary M. John. The NIV Application Commentary. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2000.

  • Kostenberger, Andreas J. John. Zondervan Illustrated Bible Backgrounds Commentary Vol 2. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2002.


John 7 messianic signs l.jpg
John – http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html7Messianic Signs

  • Water into Wine (2:1-11)

  • Healing the Nobleman’s Son (4:46-54)

  • Healing of the Lame Man (5:1-18)

  • Feeding the Multitude (6:1-15)

  • Walking on the Water (6:16-21)

  • Healing the man born blind (9:1-41)

  • The Raising of Lazarus (11:1-57)


John 7 public discourses l.jpg
John – http://www.historychannel.com/exhibits/holidays/hanukkah/history.html7Public Discourses

  • The New Birth (3:1-36)

  • The Water of Life (4:1-42)

  • The Divine Son (5:19-47)

  • The Bread of Life (6:22-67)

  • The Life-Giving Spirit (7:1-52)

  • The Light of the World (8:12-59)

  • The Good Shepherd (10:1-42)


ad