Water Cycle. Climate. Clouds. Weather Systems. Wonderful Weather!. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. Fill in the blank: The four major components to the water cycle are:.
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Fill in the blank:The four major components to the water cycle are:
Evaporation,________________, Precipitation, Run-off
What is CONDENSATION?
Image from: http://www.atmos.uiuc.edu/earths_atmosphere/images/water_cycle/hydrologic_cycle2.jpg
What is precipitation?
Precipitation returns to Earth in many forms, depending upon atmospheric conditions (such as the temperature).
What is evaporation?
The sun provides something called radiant heat energy, which is necessary to change water from a liquid state of matter to a vapor state of matter.
What is an anemometer?
To accurately forecast the weather, meteorologists must be able to collect and analyze a lot of information very quickly. Meteorologists use anemometers to measure wind speed and direction.
Topography is the depiction of the surface area of a region. The surface area can include such features as rivers, valleys, and mountains.
What are Topographic Maps?
Image from: http://www.trails.com/topo-learn-more.aspx?r=%2ftopo.aspx%3flat%3d35.77515%26lon%3d-78.70139%26s%3d50%26size%3dm
What is June?
North Carolina is located in the Northern Hemisphere (north of the Equator). We receive our most direct rays from the sun during the month of June (usually around June 23) when we have our summer solstice.
List THREE variables that influence weather and climate.
What are latitude, altitude, proximity to large bodies of water, prevailing winds, or topography (choose any 3)?
Latitude is your location on the earth in relationship to the Equator.
Proximity or how close you are to large bodies of water. Because ocean currents can be warm or cool, they can affect the air temperature above it.
Prevailing winds can be land or sea breezes. A prevailing wind is one that blows from one direction more often than any other wind during a specific period of time
Topography means the shape or form of the land…mountains, deserts, etc.
Most clouds are either one of these primary types or a combination of types.
How nimbus are different
How cirrus are different
Look like feathers
Made mostly of ice crystals
The eye of the hurricane is the center of the storm. It is also the calmest part of the storm. The storm rotates counter-clockwise around the eye.
You have just returned home from soccer practice. A strong thunderstorm has begun, and you hear thunder and see a flash of lightning. Describe two things that you would do to stay safe during the storm.
What is (you only had to recall two!):1) Avoid water because water conducts electricity.2) Do not use your cordless phone.3) Do not use electronic equipment at all (like t.v.’s, computers, radios).4) Stay away from windows and doors?
A category 3 hurricane is headed towards the town of Nags Head on the North Carolina coast. Describe the damage that may occur with this type of storm.
What are:1) branches are blown off trees; some are blown over2) shrubs blown over and uprooted3) small buildings sustain structural damage4) small buildings and low-lying areas are flooded5) mobile homes and signs are destroyed6) some larger buildings also contain structural damage?
A. Clear (CLR)--no clouds or clouds cover less than 1/10 of the sky
B. Scattered (SCT)--an average of 1/10 to 5/10 or up to one half of the sky is covered with clouds
C. Broken (BKN)--5/10 to 9/10 of the sky is covered with clouds
D. Overcast (OVC)--more than 9/10 of the sky is covered with clouds