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# 200 - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Water Cycle. Climate. Clouds. Weather Systems. Wonderful Weather!. 100. 100. 100. 100. 100. 200. 200. 200. 200. 200. 300. 300. 300. 300. 300. 400. 400. 400. 400. 400. 500. 500. 500. 500. 500. Fill in the blank: The four major components to the water cycle are:.

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Climate

Clouds

Weather

Systems

Wonderful

Weather!

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### Fill in the blank:The four major components to the water cycle are:

Evaporation,________________, Precipitation, Run-off

### What is CONDENSATION?

Image from: http://www.atmos.uiuc.edu/earths_atmosphere/images/water_cycle/hydrologic_cycle2.jpg

### What is precipitation?

Precipitation returns to Earth in many forms, depending upon atmospheric conditions (such as the temperature).

The process which causes the rainwater in the street to disappear on a hot sunny day is called:

### What is evaporation? disappear on a hot sunny day is called:

The sun provides something called radiant heat energy, which is necessary to change water from a liquid state of matter to a vapor state of matter.

What is RUNOFF? water downhill is called…

• Runoff can flow over bare soil and deposit sediment into rivers, which is not good for water quality. Runoff that has entered creeks, rivers, and streams then travels back to the ocean.

Correctly label 5 out of the 8 parts of the water cycle water downhill is called…(on a separate sheet of paper):

What is CLIMATE? period of time

The instrument that meteorologists use to measure the changes in wind speed and direction

### What is an anemometer? changes in wind speed and direction

To accurately forecast the weather, meteorologists must be able to collect and analyze a lot of information very quickly. Meteorologists use anemometers to measure wind speed and direction.

When you are looking at maps, this type of map indicates changes in the shape and elevation of the land.

Topography is the depiction of the surface area of a region. The surface area can include such features as rivers, valleys, and mountains.

### What are Topographic Maps?

Image from: http://www.trails.com/topo-learn-more.aspx?r=%2ftopo.aspx%3flat%3d35.77515%26lon%3d-78.70139%26s%3d50%26size%3dm

### What is June? during this month:

North Carolina is located in the Northern Hemisphere (north of the Equator). We receive our most direct rays from the sun during the month of June (usually around June 23) when we have our summer solstice.

### List THREE variables that influence weather and climate. during this month:

What are latitude, altitude, proximity to large bodies of water, prevailing winds, or topography (choose any 3)?

Latitude is your location on the earth in relationship to the Equator.

Altitude

Proximity or how close you are to large bodies of water. Because ocean currents can be warm or cool, they can affect the air temperature above it.

Prevailing winds can be land or sea breezes. A prevailing wind is one that blows from one direction more often than any other wind during a specific period of time

Topography means the shape or form of the land…mountains, deserts, etc.

List the FOUR primary water, prevailing winds, or topography (choose any 3)?types of clouds.

What are: stratus, cirrus, cumulus, and nimbus? water, prevailing winds, or topography (choose any 3)?

Most clouds are either one of these primary types or a combination of types.

What are stratus clouds? ground, they are fog.

Compare snow and sleet. ground, they are fog.

Compare means to tell all the ways things are alike! ground, they are fog.

• Snow and sleet both start in clouds as water vapor that freezes before falling.

• Although sleet melts on the way down as it passes through warmer air, both sleet and snow hit the ground frozen.

Contrast nimbus clouds and cirrus clouds ground, they are fog.(Find 3 differences).

Contrast means to tell the ways ground, they are fog.things are different.

How nimbus are different

How cirrus are different

Wispy, thin

Look like feathers

Made mostly of ice crystals

• Dark, fluffy

• Look thick

• Full of water

List the FOUR layers of the atmosphere. ground, they are fog.

http://eo.ucar.edu/webweather/basic5.html

http://eo.ucar.edu/webweather/basic5.html

The eye of the hurricane is the center of the storm. It is also the calmest part of the storm. The storm rotates counter-clockwise around the eye.

This weather pattern is a cone-shaped column of air that rotates and comes down from a thunderstorm but does NOT touch the ground.

What is a FUNNEL CLOUD? rotates and comes down from a thunderstorm but does NOT touch the ground.

List 3 of the major causes rotates and comes down from a thunderstorm but does NOT touch the ground.of hurricanes.

What are: pre-existing thunderstorms, rotates and comes down from a thunderstorm but does NOT touch the ground.warm ocean water, and light winds above and outside the storm?

You have just returned home from soccer practice. A strong thunderstorm has begun, and you hear thunder and see a flash of lightning. Describe two things that you would do to stay safe during the storm.

What is (you only had to recall two!): thunderstorm has begun, and you hear thunder and see a flash of lightning. Describe two things that you would do to stay safe during the storm. 1) Avoid water because water conducts electricity.2) Do not use your cordless phone.3) Do not use electronic equipment at all (like t.v.’s, computers, radios).4) Stay away from windows and doors?

A category 3 hurricane is headed towards the town of Nags Head on the North Carolina coast. Describe the damage that may occur with this type of storm.

What are: Head on the North Carolina coast. Describe the damage that may occur with this type of storm.1) branches are blown off trees; some are blown over2) shrubs blown over and uprooted3) small buildings sustain structural damage4) small buildings and low-lying areas are flooded5) mobile homes and signs are destroyed6) some larger buildings also contain structural damage?

List the two units of measurement for temperature. Head on the North Carolina coast. Describe the damage that may occur with this type of storm.

What are Fahrenheit and Celsius? Head on the North Carolina coast. Describe the damage that may occur with this type of storm.

• In the United States, Fahrenheit is the unit used to measure the surface temperature.

• For the most part, the rest of the world uses Celsius to measure temperature.

• To convert Fahrenheit to Celsius, use the following formula:

• C˚ = (F˚-32)/1.8

Wind speed is always measured in __________. Head on the North Carolina coast. Describe the damage that may occur with this type of storm.

What is KNOTS? Head on the North Carolina coast. Describe the damage that may occur with this type of storm.

• 1 knot = 1.15 miles per hour (mph)

What is a high pressure system? cool temperatures are on the way.

• Air pressure helps us determine what type of weather to expect.

• The weather is always changing, and one reason why is because of wind. The wind is “always shifting, rising, falling and creating areas of various pressure in the atmosphere”.*

* http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-high-pressure-system.htm

What is: warmer weather, storms and rain? low pressure system is present.

Classify each of these pictures based their cloud cover. low pressure system is present.

A

B

C

D

B. Scattered (SCT)--an average of 1/10 to 5/10 or up to one half of the sky is covered with clouds

C. Broken (BKN)--5/10 to 9/10 of the sky is covered with clouds

D. Overcast (OVC)--more than 9/10 of the sky is covered with clouds

http://www.sciencenetlinks.com/Esheet.cfm?DocID=69

• http://www.epa.gov/safewater/kids/flash/flash_watercycle.html

• http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercyclerunoff.html